Al-Misbah (En/Ar)

Word Definition
A, a the first letter of the alphabet. الحَرف الأوّل من حُروف الهِجاء في الإِنجلِيزِيّة
a a (before consonants); an (before vowels) indefinite article (sing. only) 1. one: He has a big dog (pl. He has big dogs). Have you a match (pl. any matches)? That is an axe (pl. Those are axes). أدَاةُ تَنْكير بمَعْنَى «وَاحِد»
2. each; every: twice a day; 80 miles an hour; ten pence a packet. في كُلٍّ، لِكُلّ
a cappella in music, without instrumental accompaniment. (موسيقى) مُنفَردٌ، غَيْرُ مَصحُوبٍ بِعَزْفٍ على الآلات المُوسِيقيَّةِ
a fool’s errand مُهمَّة تافهة، سَفْرةٌ بلا هَدف
a posteriori from effect to cause; from particular cases to a general rule; based on actual observation or experience [Latin]. باستنتاج العِلّةِ من تأثيرها، تعميمًا من حوادث مُتَفَرِّقة، بَعديٌّ، مُكْتَسَبٌ بالملاحظة أو الاختبار
a priori 1. from cause to effect; from a general rule to a particular case. استنتاجًا من الأسباب، باستنباط نتيجةٍ مُعَيَّنة من مُقَدِّمات عامّة
2. based on opinion or theory rather than on actual observation or experience. (أ) بداهةٌ، دون اللجوء إلى الاختبار، نظريًّا (ب) بَديهيّ، لا يحتاج إلى برهان
aardvark burrowing animal of Africa that eats ants and termites (Orycteropus capensis). (حيوان) خِنزيرُ الأرضِ: حيوانٌ أفريقيٌّ لَبُونٌ من فَصيلةِ الحافِراتِ ورُتْبَةِ الدُّرْدِ، يأكُل النَّملَ والأَرَضَةَ
aback to be unpleasantly surprised. يُفَاجَأ، يُبهَت، تَأخُذُه الدَّهْشَة
abacus 1. frame with rows of counters or beads that slide to and fro in grooves or on wires, used in calculating. مِعْدادٌ: أَداةٌ للعَدِّ فيها خَرزاتٌ من جهَةٍ لأُخْرى
2. slab forming the top of a column. (بناء) تاجُ عَمودٍ
abalone mollusc with a large, rather flat shell. The bright-coloured lining of the shell is made into buttons and ornaments. (أحياء) أُذُنُ البَحْرِ: حيَوانٌ مِنَ الرَّخوِيّات له صَدفةٌ كبيرةٌ مُسَطّحةٌ يُستفادُ منها في صُنْعِ الأَزْرارِ والحِلى
abandon 1. to leave sth. or sb., not intending to return: The thieves abandoned the stolen car. يَهْجُر، يَتْرُك إلى غَيْر رَجْعَة
2. to give up because of difficulties: They had to abandon their plans. يَتَخَلَّى عَن، يُقْلِع عَن
abandonment 1. abandoning. تَرْكٌ، هَجْرٌ
2. being abandoned. خِذْلانٌ، هُجْرانٌ
3. freedom from restraint; lack of self-control; abandon. تَبَذُّلٌ، عَدمُ ضَبْطِ النَّفْسِ، استرسالٌ، تَهتُّكٌ
abase bring down; make lower; humiliate; degrade: A man who betrays a friend abases himself. يَحُطُّ، يُذِلُّ، يُحَقِّر، يَشين
abash embarrass and confuse; make uneasy and somewhat ashamed: The shy girl was abashed when she saw the room filled with strangers. يُخجِل، يُربِك، يُحَيِّر
abate 1. become less. يَقِلّ، يَنْخَفِض
2. make less: This medicine will abate your pain. يُنَقِّص، يُقَلِّل، يُخَفِّف، يَخفِض
3. do away with; put an end to; stop. يَضَع حَدًّا لِـ، يُنْهي، يُوقِف
4. deduct; omit. يَحسِم، يَطرَح، يَحذِف
abattoir slaughter-house. مَسْلَخٌ، مَجْزَرٌ
abaxial مُباعِدٌ لِلْمِحْوَرِ
abbey 1. a group of buildings where Monks live. دَيْر
2. a church that was once part of such buildings: English Kings are crowned in Westminster Abbey. كَنيسَة الدَّيْر
abbreviate to shorten (a word, phrase, speech, etc.) يَخْتَصِر
abbreviation a short form of a word or words such as etc., sth., p.m. اخْتِصَار، شكل مُخْتَصَر
abdicate give up or renounce formally; resign: The king abdicated his throne, and his brother became king. يَتنازَلَ عَنْ، يَعْتَزِل، يَتخلَّى عَنْ
abdomen 1. the part of the body below the chest, containing the stomach and other organs. بَطْن، جَوْف
2. the back part of an insect. بَطْن (الحَشَرة)
abduct 1. kidnap; carry off (a person) unlawfully and by force. يَخْتَطِف، يَخْطف (شَخْصًا) عَنْوةً ويَفرُّ به
2. pull (a part of the body) away from its normal position. يُبعِد (عُضْوًا من الجسم) عَنْ مَوضِعهِ الطَّبيعيِّ
aberrant deviating from what is regular or normal. ضالٌّ، زائِغٌ، مُنْحَرِفٌ، شاذٌّ
aberration 1. wandering from the right course or path. ضَلالٌ
2. abnormal behaviour. انحراف في السلوك، شُذوذ
3. mental disorder. خَلَل عقليّ
4. deviation from a standard. زَيَغَان
5. the failure of rays of light coming from one point to converge to one focus: Aberration causes a blurred image or an image with a coloured rim. (طبيعيّاتٌ) زَيْغ
aberration of light زَيْغٌ أشعّة النّور: أي عدم تجمُّعها في بؤرة واحدة
abeyance temporary inactivity; state of suspended action: The judge held the question in abeyance until he had the information necessary to make a decision. إيقَافٌ، تَعْليقٌ مُؤَقَّت، تَعْطيلٌ مُؤَقَّت
2. go into abeyance. يَتعلَّق، يَتَعطَّل، يَبطُل استِعمالُه
3. fall into abeyance. يُرجِئ العمل به مؤقَّتًا
4. in abeyance. مُعَلَّقٌ، مُوقَفٌ تَنْفيذه
abhor abhorred, abhorring, shrink away from with horror; feel disgust or hate for; hate: Some people abhor snakes.
abide 1. (with can) to bear: I can’t abide that smell. يُطِيق، يَتَحمَّل
2. abide by to be faithful to (promises, decisions, rules etc.) يَلْتَزمُ بِـ ، يَفِي بِـ ، يَتَقَيَّد بِـ
ability 1. power or cleverness that is needed for success: He has the ability to learn, but he is lazy. قُدْرَة، مَقدِرَة، مَهَارة
2. (usu. pl.) powers and skills, esp. of the mind: He wants a job more suited to his abilities. مَهَارة، قُدْرَة (عَقْلِيّة)
abjure renounce; swear to give up: To abjure one’s religion. يُنكِر (بِقَسَمٍ)، يُقسِم أنْ يقلع (أو يتنازل) عن - يَكْفُر بِـ، يُنكِر دِينهُ
ablation اسْتِئْصَالٌ، تذريةٌ
ablaze 1. burning fiercely: The forest was ablaze. مُلْتَهب، مُشتَعِل
2. shining as if on fire: The sky was ablaze with stars. مُتَوَهِّج
able 1. clever; skilful. قَدِير، مَاهِر
2. be able to do sth. to have the power, chance, cleverness, etc., to do sth.: Will you be able to help? قَادِر على (فِعْل شَيء)
ablebodied strong and healthy. قَويُّ الجِسْمِ، صَحيحُ البِنْيَةِ، ذُو بَأْسٍ
ablution 1. washing; cleaning. غَسْلٌ، تَنْظيفٌ
2. religious ceremony of washing or cleansing. وُضُوءٌ، غُسْل، تَطَهُّرٌ
3. the water or other liquid used. الماء أو ما يُستَعمَل من السوائل في الوُضُوءِ أو الغُسْل
4. wash house. مَغْسَل، دار الغسيل
abnegation renunciation; giving up something; self-denial. إِنْكارُ النَّفْسِ، جُحُودُ الذَّاتِ
abnormal different from what is natural or usual: It is abnormal to have only 3 fingers on one hand. شاذ، غَيْر عَادِيّ
aboard 1. on or onto a ship or aircraft (AmE also train or bus) عَلَى أو إلى مَتْن طَائِرَة أو سَفينَة
2. go aboard: We went aboard at 8 a.m. يَصْعَد عَلى مَتْن طائرة أو سفينة
abolish to bring to an end; stop (a custom, rule, etc.): Those laws should be abolished. يُلْغي، يُبْطِل
abolition abolishing إِلْغَاء، إِبْطَال
abomasum fourth stomach of cows, sheep, and other animals that chew the cud. The abomasum is the stomach that digests the food. مِنْفَحةٌ، إِنْفحَةٌ: المعدةُ الرابعةُ للحيواناتِ المجترَّةِ وهي التي تَهضِمُ الطَّعَامَ
abominable hateful; very bad. مَقِيت، كَرِيه، بَغيض
aborigines earliest known inhabitants of a country. سُكّانُ البِلادِ الأَصليُّونَ
abort 1. miscarry. تُجهِض، تُسقِط
2. fail to develop. يُجهِض، يَفشَل، يُخفِق
3. stop the running of a program on a computer when something goes wrong that cannot be corrected at that time. يُوقِف: يعمل على إيقاف برنامج قبل نهايته المعلومة بسبب حدوث عطل لا يمكن إصلاحه في حينه
abortion 1. birth that occurs before the embryo has developed enough to live; miscarriage. إجْهاضٌ، إسقاطٌ، طَرْحُ الجنينِ قبل اكتمال نموِّه
2. failure to develop properly; imperfect development. نَقْصٌ في النُّمُوّ، فَشَلٌ في تكامُلِ النُّمُوِّ
3. misshapen creature; imperfectly developed thing. مَسْخٌ، شَيءٌ مُشَوَّهٌ
4. imperfectly developed plan, idea, etc. فِكْرَةٌ أو خطَّةٌ غيرُ مُكْتَمِلَةٍ
abound 1. be plentiful: Fish abound in the ocean. يَتوفَّر، يَتَكاثَر، يَغزُر
2. be well supplied; be filled: The ocean abounds with fish. يَفيض، يَطفَح (بِـ)
3. be rich: America abounds in coal, iron, and oil. يَزْخَر بِـ
about (1) 1. concerning: This is a book about snakes. عَن، بشأن
2. from place to place in: We wandered about the town. مِن مَكانٍ لآخَر، في أرْجَاء
3. not exactly; a little before or after; a little more or less: about 9 o’clock; about 50 boys. حَوَالى، نحْو، تَقْرِيبًا
about (2) 1. facing the opposite way: The ship turned about and came back to harbour. إِلَى أو في الاتِّجاه المُعاكِس
2. around; near: There’s a lot of illness about. I went out early, when no one was about (when no one else was out). في الجِوَار، عَلى مَقرُبة مِن
3. here: Is anyone about? هُنَا، في هَذا المَكَان
4. how about ...? What about ...? what is your opinion of (a certain plan); how would you like: What about going for a swim? How about a cup of coffee? ما رأيُك في؟ مَا قولُك في؟
5. be about to do sth. to be ready to do it; be just going to do it: I was about to go when he arrived. عَلى وَشْك أَنْ، يَكَادُ أَن
6. set about, go about to attempt; begin: Car repairs are easy if you know how to go about them. يَشْرَع، يُبَاشِر، يَبدَأ
above 1. higher than; over (sb. or sth.): There was a bird in the tree above me. His name is above yours on the list. This is my kitchen; my bedroom is just above. فَوْق
2. above all most importantly; especially: Drive carefully and above all, keep to your own side of the road. فَوْق كُلّ ذَلِك، الأَهَم مِن كُلّ شَيء
abrade scrape off; wear away by rubbing: The skin on Tom’s knees was abraded by his fall. يَحُتّ، يَبْري، يَسْحَج، يَحْتَكّ، يَتَآكَل
abrasion 1. place scraped or worn by rubbing: Abrasions of the skin are painful. تحاتٌّ، تأَكُّل، سَحْجَة
2. a scraping off; a wearing away by rubbing. مَحوٌ، كَشْطٌ، حَكٌّ
abreast side by side: The men were walking three abreast. جَنْبًا لجَنْب
abridged (of a book) shortened. مُخْتَصَر، مُوجَز
abroad in or to another country: I spent my holiday abroad. خَارِج البِلاد، فِي الخارج، إلى الخَارج
abrogate repeal; cancel; do away with: The king abrogated his power to raise money except through parliament. يُبطِل، يُلغي، يَفْسَخ، يَنقُض
abrupt 1. (of speech or behaviour) rough and not polite. فَظّ، جَافّ، مَبْتُور
2. (of movement, change, etc.) sudden and unexpected: an abrupt change of plan. مُفَاجِئ، غَيْر مُتَوَقَّع
ABS abbr. for acrytonitrite-butadiene-styrene. مادّة تُستعمَل في صُنْع المطّاط واللدائنِ
abscess a painful place in or on the body where poison has gathered. خُرَاج، دُمَّل
abscissa 1. horizontal line on a graph that defines a point in a system of co-ordinates. إحداثيٌّ أُفقيٌّ، مِحْوَرٌ أُفُقِيٌّ
2. abscissa [coordinate]. (رياضيّات) الإحدَاثيّ السِّينيّ
abscond to run away secretly after breaking the law: The new clerk absconded with all the money. يَفِرّ سِرًّا، يَسْتَخْفِي
absence being away: During my absence, my son became ill. There are too many absences from work. غِيَاب، تَغيُّب
absent away; not present: He was absent form work. غَائِب، مُتَغَيِّب
absent-minded too deep in thought to notice what is hapenning. ذَاهِل، شَارد الذِّهْن
absolute 1. without limit; complete: the absolute truth; absolute rule over a country. مُطْلَق، شَامِل، كَامِل
2. absolute temperature, temperature measured from absolute zero. دَرجةُ الحَرارَة المُطلقة
3. absolute zero temperature at which substances would have no heat whatever, and all molecules would stop moving. Theoretically, it is -274.18 degrees centigrade or -459.72 degrees Fahrenheit. دَرجَةُ الصِّفْرِ المُطْلَق (273.18° مئوية) وفيها تتوقّف حَركة الجزيئات
absolutely 1. completely: You are absolutely wrong. تمامًا
2. without conditions: You must agree absolutely and not try to change matters later. عَلَى نَحْوٍ كَامِل، بِلَا شُرُوط أَو تَحَفُّظات
3. certainly: "Do you think so?" "Absolutely". أُوَافِق مُوَافَقَةً تامّة
absolutism system or form of government in which the power of the ruler is not restricted; despotism. حُكْمٌ مُطْلَقٌ، اِسْتِبْدادٌ: نظام حُكْم تكون فيه سُلطة الحاكم مُطلَقة
absolve 1. declare free from sin, guilt, or blame. يَغفِر، يُبَرِّئ
2. set free from a promise or duty. يَحُلّ (من وعد)، يُعْفي (مِنْ وَاجِبٍ)، يُسامِح، يُحَرِّر مِنْ
absorb to take in (liquid, heat, light, knowledge, etc.): Salt absorbs water. يَمْتَصّ، يَتَشَرَّب، يَسْتَوْعِب
absorbed in deeply interested in (so that one’s mind is much too busy for anything else): He was too absorbed in his book to hear me coming. مُسْتَغْرِق في، مُنْهَمِك بِـ
absorbent able to absorb liquid. مَصّاص، يَمْتَصّ السَّوَائِل
abstain (with from) not to make use of (drink, food, etc.); avoid doing sth., (such as voting) يُمْسِك (عَن)، يُحْجِم (عن)، يَمْتَنِع (عن)
abstinence abstaining from food or drink. إمْسَاك، امْتِنَاع، إحْجَام
abstract not real; concerning qualities and ideas instead of facts and objects: ‘Happiness’ is an abstract noun. مُجَرّد، مَعْنَوِيّ
absurd not at all sensible; foolish: The singer’s absurd clothes made us laugh. غَيْر مَعْقُول، سَخِيف، مُضْحِك
abundance 1. plenty; a great amount. وَفْرَة، كَثْرة
2. in abundance in large quantities. مُتَوَافِر بِكَثْرة، كَثِير جدًّا
abundant plentiful; more than enough. وَافِر، غَزِير
abuse (1) to say very rude things to: You shouldn’t abuse a servant. يَشْتُم، يُسِيء بِالكَلَام إِلى
abuse (2) 1. rude language. سِبَاب، شَتِيمَة، كَلام سَيِّئ
2. an unjust custom; a wrong use: a bad ruler’s abuse of his power. سُوء اسْتِعمال
abusive containing or using rude and angry words. بَذيء، فاحِش الكَلام
abut abutted, abutting 1. touch at one end or edge; end (against): The building abuts on the pavement; the pavement abuts on the street; the street abuts against the railway. يُجاوِر، يُتاخِم، يُلاصِق، يُحاذي، يُحادّ
2. lean for support: The barn abuts against the house. يَرْتَكِز عَلى
abutment 1. a support for an arch or a bridge. (مبانٍ) ركيزة قوس أو جسر
2. the point or place where the support joins the thing supported. كتف: مكان ارتكاز القوس أو الجسر
3. an abutting. مُجاوَرَة، مُتاخَمَة، مُلاصَقَةٌ، مُحاذاة
abyss 1. very deep crack in the earth; bottomless space. هُوَّةٌ، هَاويَةٌ، شقٌّ سَحِيقُ العُمْقِ، (جيولوجيا) أَعْماقٌ، جُبُّ المُحِيط
2. anything too deep to be measured; lowest depth. مَكانٌ سَحيقُ العُمْقِ، غَوْرٌ، عُمْقٌ سَحِيقٌ
3. the chaos before the Creation. عَمَاءٌ: هَيُوليَّةُ الكَوْنِ قَبْلَ خَلْقِه
acacia 1. tree or shrub that grows in tropical or warm regions. Several kinds yield gum arabic; other kinds are useful for timber, dye, etc. شَجَرُ السَّنْطِ، أَقاقْيا، قَرَظ: نباتٌ استوائيّ يُستخرَجُ منهُ الصَّمغُ العربي والأَصْبِغَة، مِنهُ أنواعٌ تُزرعُ للتزيين
2. thorny leguminous tree of North America with white flowers; the locust tree. شَجَرةُ الجَراد: نَباتٌ شَائِكٌ في أميركا الشماليَّة زهرهُ أبْيَض، من الفصيلة القرنية
3. acacia gum. صَمغٌ عربيّ، صَمغُ السَّنط
academic 1. concerning schools, colleges, learning, study, etc.; concerned with ideas rather than with practice. أَكَّادِيمِيّ، دِرَاسِيّ، نَظَرِيّ
2. academic year سَنَة دِرَاسِيّة أو أكادِيمِيّة
acanthus prickly plant of the Acanthaceae family with large leaves that grows in Mediterranean regions. Acanthus leaves were imitated in Greek and Roman architecture. أقَنْثا أو أقنثوس: نباتٌ شَوكيّ معمَّرٌ من فصيلةِ الأقنثيات، ينبت في مناطق البحر الأبيض المتوسِّط، أوراقُهُ كَبيرَةٌ جذَّابَةٌ قلَّدها اليُونانُ والرّومانُ في تَزيينِ أَبْنِيَتِهم
accelerate to (cause to) go faster: A bicycle accelerates when travelling down a slope. يُعَجّل، يُسَارِع، يَتَسارَع
acceleration accelerating. تَسَارُع، تَعْجيل
accelerator the part of a machine (esp. a car) that controls the speed of its engine. مُسَرِّع، مُعَجِّل، (دَعْسَة التّعجيل)
accent (1) to say (a word or part of a word) with special force: In pronouncing the word ‘book-shop’, ‘book’ is accented. يَنْبُر، يَلْفِظ بِنَبْرٍ أو تَشْديد
accent (2) 1. special force given to a word or part of a word. نَبْرَة، نَبْر
2. a mark used (in writing) to show this or a particular quality of sound. عَلَامَة النَّبْر
3. a special way of speaking: Mr. Brown speaks Spanish with an English accent. لهجَة، لَكْنَة
accept 1. to take sth. that is offered (a gift, an invitation, etc.) يَقْبَل، يَتَقَبّل
2. to agree with (an idea, etc.) يَقْبَل، يُوَافِق على
acceptable pleasing; worth accepting: a very acceptable gift. مُرْضٍ، مَقْبُول، جَدِير بالقَبُول
acceptance the act of accepting. قَبُول، تَقَبُّل
access 1. the means of reaching a place: The only access to my room was up some dark stairs. سَبِيل، وَسِيلَة الوُصُول
2. the right to see or handle (sth. secret, etc.) or to enter: Access to the library is forbidden to small children. Direct access to political leaders is not often possible. حَقّ الوُصُول، حُرِّيَّة الدُّخُول
accessible able to be reached: The mountain top is accessible only to experienced climbers. يُمكِن الوُصُول إلَيْه، يَسهُل الحُصُول عليه
accession 1. attaining; as, the prince’s accession to the throne. تَوَلٍّ، بُلُوغٌ، اِعْتِلاءٌ، تَبَوّءٌ
2. addition: The school was increased by the accession of forty new pupils. زِيادَةٌ، إِضافَةٌ، إِلحاقٌ، اِنْضِمامٌ
accessory a useful thing or part which is added to sth. else: A bell is usual accessory for a bicycle. مُلحَق، قِطْعَة إضَافِيّة
accident 1. sth. that happens by chance, esp. sth. that causes damage: People die in road accidents every day. حَادِث، عَارِض
2. chance; fortune: I broke it by accident, not on purpose. صِدْفة، مُصَادَفَة
accidental happening by chance or by mistake. عَرَضيّ، طَارِئ
acclaim (1) 1. applaud; shout welcome; show approval of: The crowd acclaimed the fireman for rescuing two people from the burning house. يُصَفِّق، يُهَلِّل استحسانًا، يَهْتِف تحيَّةً لِـ
2. announce with signs of approval; hail: The newspapers acclaimed the fireman as a hero. يُنادي (بِـ)، يُشيد بِـ
acclaim (2) applause; welcome. هُتافٌ، إِبْداءُ الاسْتِحْسَانِ، ترحيب
acclamation 1. shout of welcome; show of approval; applause. هُتافٌ تَرْحيبيّ، هُتافُ اسْتحْسانٍ
2. oral vote: All the club members said, "Aye", and the chairman was elected by acclamation. تَصْويتٌ شَفَهيٌّ أو جَهْريّ
acclimate acclimatize. يُؤَقْلِم: يُعَوِّد على بيئةٍ حياتيّةٍ جديدَةٍ، يَتأَقْلَم
acclimation acclimatization. أَقْلَمَةٌ، تَأَقلُمٌ، تَوْطِينٌ: جَعْلُ كائنٍ حَيٍّ يَأْلَفُ بِيْئَةً جَديدَةً أو يَتَعَوَّدُ عَلَيْها
acclimatization an acclimatizing or being acclimatized. أَقْلَمةٌ، تَأَقْلُمٌ، تَبْلِيد، تَوْطينٌ: تَعَوُّدٌ (أو تعويد) الكائن الحيّ على بِيئَةٍ جَديدَةٍ
acclimatize 1. accustom or become accustomed to a new climate, surroundings, or conditions. يُؤَقْلِم، يتَأَقْلَم، يَتبَلَّد، يُوَطِّن: عَوَّدَ على بيئةٍ جديدة
2. become acclimatized to. يَأْلَف، يَتَأَقْلَم
accommodate to have space for; provide rooms for: This classroom accommodates 10 boys. Hotels accommodate foreign visitors. يَتَّسِع لِـ، يُؤْوِي
accommodation 1. a place to live; lodgings. سَكَن، مَكَان إِقَامَة
2. seating space (in a hall, etc.) مُتَّسَع
accompaniment 1. anything that goes along with something else: Destruction and suffering are accompaniments of war. تابعٌ، شيءٌ مُلازمٌ أو مُرافقٌ
2. in music, a part added to help or to enrich the main part. (موسيقى) مُصاحَبَةٌ، مُرافَقَةٌ
accompany 1. to go with. يُرافِق، يَصْطَحِب
2. to happen or exist at the same time as sth. else: The storm was accompanied by thunder. يُرافِق (زَمَنِيًّا)
3. to perform music as a support to a singer, etc. يُرَافِق (مُوسِيقيًّا)، يُصَاحِب العَزْف
accomplice a companion in crime. شَرِيك (في الجُرْم)
accomplish to finish (work, etc.) successfully; fulfil (sth. planned): The change to a different form of government was accomplished without fighting or opposition. يُنْجِز، يُحَقِّق، يُتِمّ
accomplished skilful: an accomplished musician. بارِع، حاذِق
accomplishment 1. sth. that one has accomplished. إِنْجَاز، مَأْثُرَة
2. skill in a social art: Playing the violin was one of her many accomplishments. مَهَارة، بَرَاعَة مُكْتَسَبَة
accord 1. to agree with: His statement does not accord with the facts. يُوَافِق، يُطَابِق، يَتَمَشّى مع، يَنسَجِم مَع
2. to give; allow: He was accorded permission to use the library. يَمْنَح، يُقَدِّم، يُضْفِي عَلَى
3. of one’s own accord willingly; without having to be asked. طَوْعًا، طواعِيَةً، دُون إِكْرَاه.
accordance agreement (esp. in the phrase in accordance with): You must act in accordance with the law. وَفْقًا لِـ، طِبْقًا لِـ، بِحَسَب
according to 1. in the proper way for; depending on: Each man was paid according to his skill. بِحَسَب، على قَدْر، تَبَعًا لِـ
2. as said or written by: According to him, you started the fight. حَسَب قَوْل أو رِوَايَة...، بمُوجِب قَوْل...
accost speak to first; come up and speak to; address: A ragged beggar accosted him, asking for money. يُبادِر بِالكلامِ، يَدْنو من أحدهم ويُخاطِبُه، يُخاطِب
account 1. a story; description; report: The three people all gave different accounts of the accident. رِوَاية، بَيان، تَقْرِير
2. a bill; a report of money that is owed: I paid my account as I left the hotel. حِسَاب، كَشْف، حِسَاب
3. (a current account) an arrangement with a bank, to look after one’s money: I have an account with the National Westminster Bank. حِسَاب مَصْرِفي
4. (a credit account) an arrangement with a shop or firm, to supply things for which one will pay later: Please put these goods on my account. حِسَاب، ذِمَّة
5. (pl.) records of money that has been paid and received: A company must keep accounts. حِسَابَات
6. on account of because of: He was absent on account of illness. بِسَبَب
7. on no account, not on any account in no case; certainly not: You must on no account tell anyone this secret. مُطْلَقًا، قَطْعِيًّا، وَلَا بأَيَّة حال
8. on one’s own account for oneself: He left the company, and now works on his own account. لِحسابه الخَاصّ، لِمَصْلَحَتِهِ
9. take account of sth., take sth. into account to consider: The judge took the boy’s age into account, and punished him lightly. يَأْخُذُ بِالاعْتِبَار، يَعْتَبِر
account for to explain; to give a reason for: How do you account for his absence? يُعَلِّل، يُفسِّر، يَشْرَح سَبَب...
accountability إمْكانيَّة التَّفسير أو التعليل، مَسؤوليّة
accountable 1. responsible; liable to be called to account: Each person is accountable for his own work. مَسْؤول، عُرْضَة للمُحاسَبَة
2. explainable: His bad temper is easily accountable; he has had a toothache all day. مُمْكِن تَعليله أو تَفسيره
accountancy the work of keeping accounts (of money) المُحَاسَبة
accountant one who keeps or examines accounts (of money) مُحاسِب
accredit 1. give authority to. يُفَوِّض
2. send or provide with credentials or a recommendation: An ambassador is accredited as the representative of his own country in a foreign land. يُزَوِّد بأَوراقِ اعتمادٍ أَو بتَوصِيَة
3. recognize as coming up to an official standard. يَعْتَمِد، يَعْترِف (بصلاحِيّة)
4. believe; accept as true; trust. يُصدِّق، يَثِق بِـ
accreditation تَصديق رَسميّ
accumulate 1. to increase in quantity, bit by bit: Dust accumulates in a room that is not swept. يَتَراكَم، يَتَجَمّع، يَتَكَدَّس
2. to gather bit by bit: He is accumulating a large collection of foreign stamps. يُجَمِّع، يَرْكُم، يُكَدِّس
accumulator a device for storing electricity. مِرْكَم، بَطّارِيّة حَاشِدَة
accuracy correctness; exactness. دِقّة، صِحَّة، إِحْكَام
accurate correct; making no mistakes; exact: an accurate statement; accurate accounts (of money); an accurate wristwatch. دَقِيق، مَضْبُوط، صَحِيح
accurst 1. under a curse. مَلْعونٌ، دَنِسٌ، لَعين
2. damnable; detestable; hateful. مُسْتَحِقُّ اللَّعْنَ، مَرْذول، مَكرُوه، بَغِيض
accusation accusing; charge (against a criminal, etc.) اِتِّهَام، تُهْمَة
accuse 1. to say that sb. has done wrong: He accused me of stealing his watch. يَتَّهِمَ، يُوَجِّه تُهْمَةً إلى
2. the accused the person who is being tried in a court of law. المُـتَّهَم
accustomed to used to: Cats are accustomed to the dark (it is not strange to them). مُتَعَوِّد على، مُعْتَاد
ace 1. a playing card with one mark (used as the highest or lowest card) آس: الوَاحد في وَرَق اللَّعِب
2. a first-class performer, esp. in sport. لَاعِب مُمْتَاز، مُؤدٍّ مُمْتَاز
acetabulum socket in the hipbone into which the top part of the thighbone fits. (طبّ) تجويفٌ حُقّيّ، حُقُّ الفَخْذِ، مَغْرِزُ رَأْسِ الفَخْذِ في العَظمِ اللَّاسْمي
acetate a salt or ester of acetic acid: Cellulose acetate is used in making imitation leather, gramophone records, etc. (كيمياء) أسيتات، خَلَّات: أحدُ أَمْلاح حَامِضِ الخَلّيك العَاديّة أو الكُحولِيّةِ. يُستَعْملُ أسيتاتُ السلّيلوز في صناعةِ الجُلودِ الاصطناعيّةِ وأسطواناتِ الفونوغراف
acetone colourless, volatile, inflammable liquid, used as a solvent for oils, fats, resins, cellulose, etc: Formula: C3H6O. (كيمياء) أسيتون، خَلّون: سائِلٌ عديمُ اللَّون سَريعُ التبخُّر، قابلٌ للاشتعالِ ومُذيبٌ للموادِّ الدُّهْنِيَّة والصَّمغِيَّة والسلّيلوزيّة
acetylene colourless gas that burns with a bright light and very hot flame. It is used for lighting and, combined with oxygen, for welding metals: Formula: C2H2. أستيلين، غازُ الاستِصْباح: غازٌ عَديمُ اللَّونِ قابلٌ للاشْتِعالِ. يُستعمَلُ للإنارَة، ومَمْزوجًا بالأُكْسجين يُسْتَعْمَلُ في لِحامِ المعادن
ache (1) to have a continuous pain: My ear aches. يُؤْلِم، يُوْجع
ache (2) a continuous pain: a head-ache; a stomach ache; backache. ألَم، وَجَع
achieve to get sth. (success, one’s aim, etc.) by trying: He proved his worth as a young officer and soon achieved the rank of captain. يُحْرِز، يُنْجِز، يُحَقِّق، يَحْصُل عَلَى
achievement achieving; sth. gained; sth. done successfully: All these silver cups are prizes for his many achievements in sport. إِنْجَاز، تَحْقِيق، مَأْثَرَة
acid (1) a powerful liquid that may cause rapid chemical change, burn holes in cloth, wood, etc. حَامِض، حَمْض
acid (2) sour; with a bitter taste. حَامِض، حَادّ، لَاذِع
acid rain المطر الحامض (من ألوان تلوُّث البيئة لإطلاق الأبخرة الصناعيّة)
acknowledge 1. to agree that sth. is true: They all acknowledged that he was the best swimmer. يُقِرُّ بِـ، يَعْتَرِف بِصِحّة
2. to say that one has received sth.: I acknowledged (the receipt of) his letter. يُشْعِر أو يُخطِر بِتَسَلُّم شَيء
acknowledg(e)ment a note of receipt: I sent the money but I’ve had no acknoweldgement. إِشْعَار بِالتّسَلُّم، عِلْم بالوُصُول
acme the highest point. أَوج، قِمَّةٌ، ذُرْوَة
acne a skin disease in which the oil glands in the skin become clogged and inflamed, often causing pimples. (طبّ) عُدٌّ (حَبُّ الشّباب): مَرضٌ التهابِيٌّ يُصيبُ الغُدَدَ الدُّهْنِيَّةَ في الجِلْدِ فيَسدُّها ويُسبِّبُ بُثورًا
acorn the nut, or fruit, of an oak tree. (نبات) ثَمرةُ البَلّوطَة أو جَوْزَةُ البلُّوطِ
acorn the seed of the oak tree. بَلُّوطَة، جَوْزَة البَلُّوط
acoustic having to do with hearing; pertaining to the science of sound: Earphones are acoustic aids for deaf people. سَمْعيٌّ، صَوْتيٌّ
acoustics 1. acoustic qualities; qualities of a room, hall, auditorium, etc., that determine how well sounds can be heard in it. خصائصُ سَمعيَّةٌ، خصائصُ صَوْتيّةٌ تُقَرِّرُ الحالَة السّمعيَّة في مَكانٍ
2. science of sound. عِلْم الصَّوتيّاتِ أو سَمْعيَّات
acquaint 1. to tell; make known to: I acquainted him with the facts. يُطْلِع (على)، يُعَرِّف (على)
2. be acquainted with to have met (sb.); have some knowledge of (sth.): We’ve not yet become acquainted with our new neighbours. يَتَعَرَّف عَلى، يُلِمُّ بِـ
acquaintance sb. that one has met but does not know well: She’s an acquaintance, not a friend. أَحَد المَعَارِف
acquiesce accept without making objections; agree or submit quietly: We acquiesced in their plan because we could not suggest a better one. يُوافِق، يُذْعِن، يَقْبَل دونَ اعْتراضٍ، يَرْضى
acquiescence consent without making objections; agreeing or submitting quietly. إذْعانٌ، رِضًى، قَبُولٌ (دون اعْتِراض)، تَسْلِيم (بِـ)
acquire to obtain for oneself; to gain by one’s own efforts: I’ve just acquired a new car. You can acquire skill by practice. يَنَال، يَكْتَسِب، يُحْرِز، يَحْصُل عَلَى
acquisition 1. an acquiring: He spend hundreds of hours in the acquisition of skill with a rifle. اِكْتِسابٌ، اِمْتِلاك، إحرازٌ، تَحْصيل
2. thing required. شَيءٌ مُكْتَسَب أو مُحرَز
acquit -tt- to free sb. from blame or from a charge (in a court of law): The judge acquitted him of stealing. يُبَرِّئ (مِنْ تُهْمَة)
acre a measure of area (4840 square yards, or about 4000 square metres) فَدَّان إنْجِلِيزِيّ
acrimony sharpness or bitterness in temper, language, or manner. حِدَّةُ الطَّبْعِ، جَفاءُ المُعامَلَةِ، سَلاطةُ اللِّسانِ
acrobat a performer who can do clever tricks with his body. بَهْلَوان
acronym a word formed from the first letter or letters of the words in a name, term or phrase: for example, SAGE from Semi-Automatic Ground Environment. تَسمية مُختصَرة: كلمة مكوَّنة من الحروف الأُولى لكلماتٍ في اسم، صيغَة أو عِبارة
across (1) 1. over; from one side to the other of: He ran across the street. There is a bridge across the stream. عَبْرَ، عَلَى عَرض، فَوْق
2. on the other side of: My home is across the river. في الجَانِب الآخَر مِن
across (2) from one side to the other: Run across before a car comes. The river is half a mile across. مِن جَانِبٍ إِلَى آخر
act (1) 1. to do sth.: When in danger, one must act swiftly. I was acting on her orders. يَعْمَل، يَفْعَل
2. to behave: You are acting like a fool. يَتَصَرَّف، يَسْلُك
3. to have an effect: Acid acts on some metals. يؤَثِّر أو يَعمَل في
4. to perform: He acted (the part of a Frenchman) in the play. يُمَثِّل، يُؤَدّي دَوْر...
5. act as to be useful for; be used as: The fallen tree acted as a bridge across the river. يَعْمَل كَـ، يُسْتَخْدَم كَـ
6. act for to perform duties for: The headmaster is ill, and Mr. Day is acting for him. يَنُوب عَن، يَقُوم مَقَام
act (2) 1. a law made by the government. قَانُون، مَرْسُوم، قَرَار حُكُومِيّ
2. a division of a play. فَصْل (في مَسْرَحِيّة)
3. act of God, something that could not be foreseen or prevented by human beings; a happening beyond a person’s control: Floods, storms, and earthquakes are called acts of God. القضاءُ والقَدَر، عمل حصل بمشيئة الله
actinism property in light that causes chemical changes. (كيمياء) أكتينيّة: فَعّاليَّةُ الضَّوءِ الكيميائيّة
actinium radioactive element somewhat like radium. It is found in pitchblende after uranium has been extracted: Symbol: Ac. (كيمياء) أكتينْيوم: عُنْصرٌ ذو فاعليَّةٍ إشعاعيَّةٍ شَبيهةٌ بالراديوم
action 1. sth. done: Our actions show our feelings. فِعْل، صَنِيع
2. doing things: We want more action and less talk. عَمَل، فِعْل
3. effect; work: The action of acid on cloth burns a hole. تَأْثِير، فِعْل
5. battle: Many soldiers were killed in action. مَعْرَكَة، قِتَال
4. out of action not working; out of order: This telephone is out of action. مُعَطّل، غَيْر صَالِح لِلْعَمَل
6. to take action to act: The police took swift action to catch the thief. يَتّخِذُ إجْرَاءات، يَشْرَع بالإِجْرَاءَات
activate 1. make active. يُنَشِّط، يُحَرِّك، يُشَغِّل
2. make radio-active. (فيزياء) جَعَلَ ذا نَشاطٍ إِشْعَاعيّ
3. in chemistry, to make capable of reacting or of speeding up a reaction. (كيمياء) سَبَّبَ التَّفاعلَ والإِسراعَ في التَّفاعل
4. purify (sewage) by treating it with air and bacteria. يُطَهِّر (مِياهَ المجارير) بِوَاسِطَةِ الْهَواءِ والبكتيريا
active busy; not lazy; able to do things: My father is old but still active. He takes an active part in village affairs. نَشِيط، فَعَّال، عَامِل
activity 1. being active: At midday there is little activity in the market. فَعّالِيَّة، حَيَويّة، حَرَكَة
2. sth. one does; a form of work or play: Music and swimming are among our school activities. نَشَاط، عَمَل، مُمَارَسَة
actor a man who acts in plays. مُمَثِّل (مَسْرَحِيّ أو سِينمَائِيّ)
actress a female actor. مُمَثِّلَة (مَسْرَحِيَّة أوْ سِينمَائِيّة)
actual real: I don’t know the actual cost, but it is over $100. فِعْليّ، حَقِيقِيّ
actually 1. in fact; really: She looks about thirty, but actually she’s thirty-nine. حقًّا، فِي الوَاقِع، فِعْلِيًّا
2. (of sth. unexpected) even: He not only finished the race but actually won it. فِعْلًا
actuary person who figures risks, rates, premiums, etc., for insurance companies. خَبِيرٌ (إحصائيٌّ) لَدى شَركَةِ تَأْمين، خَبيرٌ في حِسابَاتِ تَقْسيط التَّأْمين
acupuncture الوَخْزُ الإبَريّ: طريقة صينية للمعالجة بإدخال إبَر خاصّة في مواضع معيّنة من الجسم
acute 1. (of the mind, senses, etc.) sharp: an acute sense of smell. حَادّ، مُرْهَف
2. serious: an acute illness; in acute danger. حَادّ، خَطِير
A.D. in the year of our Lord; since Christ was born: From 20 B.C. to A.D. 50 is 70 years. في السَّنَة الميلاديّة، ب.م. (بَعْدَ ميلاد المسيح)
adamant (1) substance too hard to be cut or broken. مادّة قاسية أو صُلبَة
adamant (2) unyielding; firm; immovable. عَنيدٌ، صُلْبٌ لا يَلين، راسِخٌ، مُتَشَدِّد
Adam’s apple lump in the front of the throat formed by the thyroid cartilage. الحَرْقَدَة، تُفّاحَة آدم، جَوْزَة الحُلقوم
adapt to change and fit for a new use or different condition: This engine can be adapted for use in a boat. One must adapt oneself to new ideas. يُكيّف، يُهَايِئ، يُعَدِّل، يُوَفِّق
adaptable easily adapted; able to adapt oneself. قابِل للتَّكَيُّف، سَهْلُ التَّكَيُّف أَو التَّعْديل
adaptor a device for joining two or more things (usu. electrical) which are not made to fit together. وُصْلَةُ مُهايأَة، مُعَدِّل (كَهْرُبَائِيّ)
add 1. to put one thing with another: He added sugar to the coffee. If you add 2 to 4 you get 6. يُضِيف، يَجْمَع
2. to say further: ‘‘But,’’ he added, ‘‘it wasn’t my fault.’’ يُردِف أو يُضِيف قَائِلًا
3. add to to increase: These losses added to my troubles. يَزِيد، يُضِيف إلَى
4. add up to reach a full amount, by adding all the figures: This bill adds up to $17. You added it up wrong. يَبلُغ، يَجْمَع، يَحْسُب، يَجد المَجْموع
addenda (pl. of addendum) [Latin]. إضافاتٌ، مَلاحِق، ضمائم
addendum thing added; thing to be added. إضافَةٌ، مُلْحَقٌ، ذَيْلٌ، ضَميمَة
adder a kind of small poisonous snake. صِلّ، أَفْعًى صَغِيرة سَامّة
adder’s-tongue 1. small fern of the Ophioglossaceae family with a spike that looks somewhat like a snake’s tongue. (نبات) لسانُ الحيَّة: نبات من السَّراخِس له أوراق تُشبهُ لِسانَ الحيَّةِ، وهو مِن فصيلةِ ثُعْبانيّاتِ اللِّسانِ
2. the dogtooth violet. بَنَفْسجُ أسنان الكَلْبِ: جنسُ زَهْرٍ من الفصيلةِ الزَّنْبقِيَّة
addict a person who cannot stop himself from doing or using sth. harmful: a drug addict. مُدْمِن
addicted to unable to stop doing or using sth. harmful: addicted to alcohol. مُدْمِن على
addiction being addicted. إدْمَان
addition 1. adding; sth. added: There’s a mistake in this addition. The food is improved by the addition of a little salt. جَمْع، إضَافَة
2. in addition also: He paid my bill; in addition he lent me $3. أيْضًا، بالإضَافَة (إلى)
3. in addition to as well as: He lent me $3, in addition to paying my bill. بالإضَافَة إِلى، عِلَاوَةً عَلَى، فَضْلًا عن
additional more; added: If you work additional hours, you earn additional pay. إِضَافِيّ
address (1) 1. to speak to; make a speech to (a person or a meeting) يُخَاطِب، يُوَجِّه كَلَامَه إِلَى، يخطُب
2. to write on (a letter, etc.) to show where it is to be sent. يُعَنْوِن الرِّسَالَة
address (2) 1. the house, street, and town where one lives: My address is 28, Market Street, Brighton. عُنْوَان
2. a speech (often formal) خُطْبَة، خِطَاب
adept (1) thoroughly skilled; expert. مَاهِرٌ، خبيرٌ، بالِغُ الحِذْقِ
adept (2) thoroughly skilled or expert person. شَخْصٌ خَبيرٌ أو حاذِقٌ
adequate 1. enough: $3 is adequate for my needs. كَافٍ، وَافٍ بالحَاجَة أو الغَرَض
2. adequate to (predic.) having the necessary ability or qualities: I hope you will prove adequate to the job. كُفْء لِـ، أَهْل لِـ
adhere to stick: Paste adheres to paper. يَلْتَصِق، يَلْصَق
adherent a follower (of an idea, a leader, a party, etc.) مُشَايِع، مُوَالٍ، نَصِير
adhesive (1) sticky; able to stick. لَزِج، دَبِق، قَابل للالْتِصَاق
adhesive (2) a substance used for sticking: Is this a suitable adhesive for repairing a broken cup? مَادّة مُلْصِقَة، (لَصُوق)
adjacent next (to); lying near: His house is adjacent to mine. مُلَاصِق، مُجَاور، مُتَاخِم، قَريب (مِن)
adjective a describing word, such as big, bold, nice, that names a quality or defines a noun. صِفَة، نَعْت (في النَّحو)
adjoin to be next to: His bedroom adjoins mine. We sleep in adjoining rooms. يُلاصِق، يُجاوِر
adjourn (of meetings) to stop, break off, until another time. يُرْجِئ، يُؤَجِّل
adjudge 1. decree or declare by law: The accused man was adjudged guilty. يَحكُم، يَقضي
2. condemn or sentence by law: The thief was adjudged to prison for two years. يَحكُم على، يُدين
3. decide or settle by law; judge: The boy’s case was adjudged in the juvenile court. يُقَرِّر، يَفصِل، يَحكُم (قَضائيًّا)
4. award or assign by law: The property was adjudged to the rightful owner. يَحكُم لِـ، يُقَرِّر لِصَالح، يَمنَح قضائيًّا
adjudicate 1. decide or settle by law. يَبُتُّ يَفصِل قانُونيًّا بِـ
2. act as judge; pass judgment. يَحكُم، يَقَضي، يُرْسي المَزاد (في مُناقَصَة)
adjudication 1. an adjudicating. حُكْمٌ، قَضاءٌ، إِرسَاءُ المزادِ، تَسْوِيَةُ الخِلافَات
2. decision of a judge or court. قرارُ مَحْكمةٍ أو قاضٍ
adjure 1. command or charge (a person) on oath or under some penalty (to do something). يُحَلِّف، يَسْتَحْلِف
2. ask earnestly or solemnly: I adjure you to speak the truth. يُناشِد، يَتَوسَّل
adjust 1. to change sth. so that it works better or is more suitable: If your watch is slow, you can adjust it. يُضَبِّط، يُنَظِّم، يُعَدِّل
2. to change oneself: He can’t adjust to the hot climate. يُكيِّف نَفْسَه، يَتَكَيَّف، يَتَأَقْلَم
adjustment 1. act or process of adjusting. تَسويَةٌ، ضَبْطٌ، تعديلٌ
2. being adjusted. اِنتظامٌ، اِنْضِباطٌ، مُلاءَمَةٌ
3. means of adjusting: Our wireless set has an adjustment so that we can make the tone loud or soft. آلةٌ أو وسيلةٌ للضَّبطِ أو التَّعديلِ
adlerman member of a council that governs a borough: An adlerman is usually elected by the councillors who in their turn are elected by the voters of certain wards or districts. عُضْوُ مَجْلِسٍ بَلَديٍّ
administer to control, (esp. business or money affairs); give (medicine, punishment, a warning, etc.) يُدِير، يُدبِّر شؤُون...، يُعْطِي (الدَّواءَ)، يُنْزِل (العُقُوبَة) بِـ ....
administration control (of business, money, government activities, etc.) the administration of the law. إدَارَة، حُكم، تَنْفِيذ (القَانُون)، إقَامَة (العَدْل)
administrative concerned with administration. إِدَاريّ
admirable fit to be admired; very good: an admirable cook; admirable courage. رَائِع، بَارِع، يَبْعَث عَلَى الإِعْجَاب، يُثِير الإعْجَاب
admiral an officer of highest rank in the navy. أَمِير البَحْر، أميرَال
admiration a feeling of respect or pleasure; wonder: They had great admiration for his courage. إِعْجَاب، اِسْتِحْسَان
admire to regard with respect or pleasure: I admire his courage. She was admiring your roses. يُعْجَب (بِـ)، يَنْظُر بإِعْجَاب (إلى)، يَسْتَحْسِن كثيرًا
admissible 1. that can be permitted; allowable. مَسموحٌ به، مَقْبولٌ، جائِز
2. that can be considered as evidence or proof. مُمكِنٌ قَبولُهُ كَحُجَّةٍ أو بُرهان
3. having the right to enter or use (a position, occupation, group, place, etc.). مُتَمَتِّعٌ بِحَقّ دخول (مكان) واستِعْمال مَرافِقِه
admission 1. allowing or being allowed to enter; No admission except on business. حَقّ أو إذْن الدُّخُول
2. (a statement) accepting sth. as true: an admission of guilt. اِعْتِراف، إِقْرَار
admit -tt- 1. to let sb. enter: The cinema will not admit you without a ticket. يُدخِل، يَسْمَح بدُخُول
2. to agree that sth. is true: He admits his mistakes. She admits that she was wrong. يُقِرّ، يَعْتَرِف
admittance 1. right to go in; permission to enter. حَقُّ الدُّخولِ، إذنٌ بالدُّخُول
2. admitting. قَبولٌ، دُخولٌ، إدْخالٌ، مُثُولٌ
admonish 1. warn; caution. يُنَبِّه، يُنْذِر، يُحَذِّر، يَعِظ
2. advise; urge strongly. يَنْصَح، يَحُثُّ، يُحَرِّض
3. remind; inform. يُذَكِّر، يُعلِم
4. reprove gently. يَعذِل، يلوم، يُعاتِب
ado stir; bustle; fuss; trouble. ضَوْضَاءٌ، إزْعاجٌ، لَغَطٌ، جَلَبَةٌ، جَعْجَعَةٌ
adolescence 1. growth from childhood to maturity. مُراهَقةٌ، غُلومةٌ
2. the time of this growth; youth. طَوْرُ المُراهَقَةِ، فُتُوَّةٌ، يَفَاعَةٌ
adopt 1. to take a child into one’s family and become his parent by law: My wife and I adopted two boys whose parents had died. يَتَبَنَّى (طِفْلًا)
2. to accept and use (an idea, a custom, etc.): Some English words, like ‘football’ have been adopted by other languages. يَقْتَبِس، يَتَّخِذ، يَتَبَنَّى (فِكْرَة)
adorable lovable; delightful: an adorable little cat. رَائِع، فَاتِن، ظَريف جِدًّا
adore to love deeply: She adores her sons. يهيم بِـ ، يُتَيَّم بِـ ، يَعْبُد
adorn to add ornament to: Her hat was adorned with feathers. يُزيِّن، يُجَمِّل، يُزَخْرِفُ
adrenal (1) 1. near the kidney. كُظْريٌّ، قريبٌ من الكُلْية
2. from the adrenal glands; of the adrenal glands. مُستَمَدٌّ من الغُدَدِ الكُظْريَّة
adrenal (2) adrenal gland, one of the two small ductless glands, one on the upper part of each kidney, that secrete adrenalin; suprarenal gland. كُظْرٌ، غُدَّة كُظْريَّة: غُدَّةٌ فوقَ الكلية
adrenalin 1. hormone secreted by the adrenal glands. (طب) كُظْرين: هُرْمون تُفْرِزُه الغُدَّة الكظريّة، خُلاصَةُ الكُظْر
2. white crystalline drug containing this hormone, used to stimulate the heart, stop bleeding, etc: Adrenalin is obtained from adrenal glands of animals. أَدرِينَالين: مُنْبّهٌ لِأَعْصابِ القَلْبِ ومُوقِفٌ لِلنَّزيفِ
adrift (of boats) loose; floating about with no control: Our ship was wrecked and we were left adrift in a small boat on the ocean. هَائِم (عَلَى وَجْه المَاء)، عَلَى غَيْر هُدًى
adulate praise too much; flatter slavishly. يُبالِغ في الإطراء، يَتَمَلَّق، يَتَزلَّف
adult a person who is fully grown. رَاشِد، بالِغ
adulterer a man who has been guilty of adultery. زَانٍ
adulteress a woman who has been guilty of adultery. زَانِيَة
adultery sexual relations between a married person and someone who is not that person’s husband or wife. زِنًا، سِفَاح
adumbrate 1. indicate faintly; outline; foreshadow: The revolution was adumbrated by general discontent. يُشير (أو يُلَمِّح) إلى، يَدَلُّ مُسبَقًا على، يَكْنَي (عن)، يَرْسُم مُسَوّدة لِـ
2. overshadow; obscure: A great willow adumbrated the cottage. يُخْفي، يَحجُب، يُظَلِّل
advance (1) 1. to go forward; move forward: The army advanced towards the enemy. يَتَقَدَّم، يَسِير قُدُمًا
2. to pay money before it is earned; bring forward to an earlier date or time: My new employer advanced me $50 to buy a bicycle. يُسَلِّف، يَدْفَع مُقَدَّمًا
advance (2) 1. money paid before it is earned. سُلْفَة مَالِيّة، دُفْعَة مُقَدَّمة
2. in advance earlier: She paid two weeks’ rent in advance. مُقدّمًا، سَلَفًا، مُسَبّقًا
advance (3) going or coming before (the usual time): advance payment; an advance party of soldiers. مُسْبَق، مُتَقَدّم
advanced 1. at a high level: an advanced course of study. مُتَقَدِّم، عَال
2. at a late stage in development: Our plans are too far advanced to be changed. قَد قَطعَ شَوْطًا بعيدًا
advancement 1. advance; movement forward. تَقَدُّمٌ، تَقدِيم
2. progress; improvement. نَجاحٌ، تَحَسّنٌ، اِرْتِقاء
3. promotion. تَرقِيَةٌ، تَرْفيعٌ
advantage 1. sth. useful and likely to bring success: Long legs are an advantage to a runner. It will be to his advantage if he studies hard. مَزِيّة، فَضِيلَة، فَائِدَة
2. to have an advantage over sb. to be in a better position. يَفْضُل، يَمْتازُ (عَن)
3. to take advantage of (a) to make good use of: I took advantage of the new public baths and learnt to swim. (b) to make unfair use of; deceive: The shopkeeper took advantage of my inexperience and charged me too much. (أ) يُفِيد أو يَسْتَفِيدُ (من) (ب) يَسْتَغل، يَخْدَع، يَنْتَهِز فُرْصَة...
advantageous helpful; giving an advantage; bringing a good profit. مُفِيد، نَافِع
advent coming; arrival. مَجيءٌ، وُصولٌ، قُدُومٌ، وُرُودٌ، حُلُول
adventure 1. an exciting or dangerous journey or event. مُغَامَرة، مُجَازَفَة
2. excitement; risk. خِبْرَة مُثِيرَة، مُخاطَرة
adventurous 1. (of a journey, etc.) full of adventure. خَطِر، مَحْفُوف بالمَخَاطِر
2. (of a person) fond of adventure: Young people are often adventurous. مُغَامِر، مُجازِف، مُخَاطِر
adverb a word (used with a verb, adjective or other adverb) telling how or when or where - such as well, quickly, here. ظَرْف، حَال (في النَّحْو)
adversary enemy; person opposing another person; person or group on the other side in a contest. عَدوٌّ، خَصْمٌ، غَرِيمٌ، مُناوِئٌ
adverse unfavourable: an adverse report; adverse winds that delay sailing. مُعاكِس، غَيْر مُلائِم، مُضِرّ، مُنَاوِئ
adversity 1. distress; misfortune; hardship; misery. ضيقة، ضَرَّاء، شِدَّة، عُسر
2. stroke of misfortune; unfavourable or harmful thing or event. مُصيبَة، مِحنَة، بَلِيَّة
advert refer; direct attention: The speaker adverted to the need for more parks. يُشير (إلى)، يَلفِت الانْتِباهَ، يُنَبِّه
advertise to make known (things offered or wanted) by a public notice: I wanted to sell my car, so I advertised it in the newspaper. يُعْلِن، يَنْشُر (في الصُّحُف)
advertisement a public notice of sth. offered or wanted. إعْلان (تِجَارِيّ)
advertising 1. business of preparing, publishing, or circulating advertisements. عَمَل إعلانيّ: تحضير الإعلانات، نشرها وتوزيعها
2. advertisements. إعلاناتٌ، مَنشوراتٌ
advice the expression of an opinion about what sb. should do: Ask an older person’s advice on this matter.
advise to tell sb. what he should do: I advise you to be more careful. يَنْصَح، يُشِير (على)، يُسْدِي النّصِيحَة
adviser, advisor person who gives advice. مُسْتشار، مُشيرٌ، نَاصِحٌ، مُرشِدٌ
advocate (1) a person who speaks in support of sth. or sb. in a court of law. مُحَامٍ
advocate (2) to speak in support or favour of (an idea, a course of action, etc.): Most doctors advocate regular exercise as a way of keeping healthy. يَنْصَح (بِـ)، يَحُضُّ (على)، يُدافِع (عن)، يَدْعُو (إلى)، يُؤَيِّد
aegrotat certificate given at British universities to a student too ill to attend examination. شَهادَةٌ تُعْطَى في الجَامِعَاتِ البَريطانيّةِ لطالبٍ أقعَدَه المَرضُ عن حُضورِ الامتِحانِ
aeon very long period of time; many thousands of years: Aeons passed before life existed on earth. دَهْرٌ، أَمَدٌ طَويلٌ، حُقْبٌ
aerate 1. expose to and mix with air: Water in some reservoirs is aerated by being tossed high into the air in a fine spray. يُهَوّي، يُعَرِّض للهَواءِ، يَمزُج بالهواء
2. fill with a gas: Soda water is water that has been aerated with carbon dioxide. يُشْبع بغَازٍ
3. expose to chemical action with oxygen: Blood is aerated in the lungs. (فيزيولوجية) يُؤكْسِج: يُعَرِّض لِلتَّفاعُلِ مع أُكسجين الهواء
aerial a wire or metal bar that sends or receives radio waves. لَاقِط أو سِلْك هَوَائِيّ، (أنْتِين)
aerobic 1. living and growing only where there is oxygen: Some bacteria are aerobic. إِيْروبِيٌّ، هَوائيٌّ: عائِشٌ فقط حيثُ يَتَوافَر الأُكسجين (أو الهواء)
2. having to do with or caused by aerobic bacteria: aerobic fermentation. مُختصٌّ بالمِكروبِ الإِيرُوبيّ أو ناتِجٌ عنه (كالتخمُّرِ الإيروبيّ)
aerodrome also esp. AmE airfield a landing ground for aeroplanes, with buildings for their control and repair. مَطَار
aeronautics 1. science or art of aviation. (طيران) عِلْمُ أو فَنُّ الطَيرانِ
2. navigation in the air. مِلاحَةٌ جَوِّيَّة
aeroplane aeroplane BrE, airplane AmE, a flying machine with wings and at least one engine. طَائِرَة
aesthete 1. lover of beauty; person who is sensitive to beauty. مُحِبٌّ لِلجَمال، مُتَذَوِّقُ الجَمالِ، مُولَعٌ بالجَمال
2. person who pretends to care a great deal about beauty; person who gives too much attention to beauty. مُدَّعٍ الاهْتِمام بالجَمالِ، زائِدُ الاهتمام بالجَمال
aesthetic concerning beauty, in art or nature: This old painting is not useful, but it has aesthetic value. جَمَالِيّ، فَنِّيّ
afar from a great distance. عن بُعْد، مِن بَعيد، بَعيدًا
affability quality of being easy to talk to; courteous and pleasant ways. رِقَّةٌ، دَعَةٌ، أُنْسٌ، لِينُ الجَانبِ، دَماثَةٌ
affable easy to talk to; courteous and pleasant. أَنيسٌ، مُهذَّبٌ، وَديعٌ، لَيِّنُ الجَانِب
affair 1. (often pl.) business: Family affairs kept him at home. أمْر، شَأْن، مَسْأَلة
2. a happening; event; action: The meeting was a noisy affair. عَمَل، حَدَث
3. have an affair (with sb.) have a sexual relationship with sb. to whom one is not married. يُجامِع غيرَ زَوْجَتِه
affect (1) 1. to have an effect on: Bad food affects our health. يُؤَثِّر (في)، يَفْعَل فِعْلَه (في)
2. to move the feelings of: The news affected him greatly. يؤَثِّر (عَلى)، يُثير المشَاعِر والعَوَاطِف
affect (2) 1. be fond of and have; fancy: She affects old furniture and china. يُحِبّ، يَبْتَغي، يُولَع بِـ
2. pretend to have or feel: He affected ignorance of the fight, but we knew that he had seen it. يَتَظَاهَر بِـ، يَدَّعي، يَتَصَنَّع
3. assume, use, or frequent by preference: He affects carelessness in dress. Evil spirits were formerly supposed to affect the shapes of cats and toads. يَتَّخِذ، يُفَضِّل، يُقَلِّد، يَنزِع إلى
4. affect a beard. يُطْلِق لِحْيَتَهُ تَبَاهِيًا
5. affect ignorance. يَتَظاهَر بِعَدَم المعْرِفَة، يَدَّعي جَهْلَه بالأمْر
6. this matter does not affect him. هذا الأمر لا يَعْنِيهِ
affection gentle lasting love; fondness: He shows great affection for his brothers and sisters. مَحَبّة، مَوَدّة، تَعَلُّق (بِـ)
affectionate showing loving feelings: an affectionate mother. وَدُود، عَطُوف، حَنُون
affiance (1) 1. faith; trust. اِعتمادٌ، ثِقَةٌ
2. pledging of faith; betrothal. خِطبَةٌ، خِطبَةٌ للزَّواج، عهدٌ
affiance (2) pledge; promise in marriage. يَعِدُ بالزواج، يَتَعَهَّد بالزَّواجِ
affianced promised in marriage; engaged; betrothed. معقودُ الخِطبةِ (على)، مَخطُوب
affidavit statement written down and sworn to be true: An affidavit is usually made before a judge or notary public. (قانون)، إفادَةٌ كِتابيّةٌ مَشْفُوعَةٌ بقَسَمٍ
affiliate associate; connect: The two clubs did not have the same members, but they were affiliated with each other. يَشْرك أو يَشْتَرِك، يَضُمُّ أو يَنْضَمُّ، يَنْتَسِب (إلى)
affinity 1. relationship by marriage. قَرابةٌ (بالمُصاهرة)، نَسَبٌ، مُصاهَرَة
2. relation; connexion. عَلاقَةٌ، صِلَةٌ
3. resemblance; likeness. مُشابَهةٌ، مُمَاثَلةٌ
4. attraction; liking. اِنْجِذابٌ، اِسْتهواءٌ، شَوْق، تَعَلُّق
5. person to whom one is especially attracted. حِبٌّ، أليف
6. force that attracts certain chemical elements to others and keeps them combined. (كيمياء) أُلْفَةٌ
affirm to declare that sth. is true: He affirmed that his friend had not left the house at the time of the murder. يُؤكِّد، يَجْزِم، يُقَرِّر
affirmation 1. solemn declaration made without taking an oath: If a person’s religion forbids him to take an oath, he can make an affirmation. (قانون) تَأكِيدٌ أو تَصْرِيحٌ رَسْمِيّ (لمن تَمنعه عقيدته من الحلفان)
2. assertion; positive statement. تَوْكيدٌ، بَيانٌ إيجابيٌّ
3. an affirming; confirmation; ratification. إقرارٌ، إثباتٌ، مُصادَقَةٌ
affirmative (1) affirming; answering yes. تَوْكِيديٌّ، إيجابيٌّ
affirmative (2) 1. word or statement that gives assent or agrees. إيجابٌ، قَبُولٌ، مُوافَقَةٌ
2. side that argues in favour of a question being debated. فِئَة المؤيّدين في مُناقَشَةٍ
afflict to cause pain or trouble to. يَبْتَلي، يُعَذِّب، يُحزِن
affliction (a cause of) suffering: Blindness is a terrible affliction. بَلَاء، كَرْب
affluence wealth; being wealthy. غِنًى، ثَرَاء، نِعمَة، رَغَد
affluent rich; wealthy: An affluent society is one that spends money freely. مُنْعَم، مُوسِر، ثَرِيّ
afford (with can) to have enough time or money for: I can’t afford (to buy) a car. I can’t afford the time to travel far. يَقْدِر على، يُطِيق، يَسَعُه
afforest change (land) into forest. (نبات) يُشَجِّر، يُحرِّج، يَزرَع الأَحْراج
afforestation act or practice of afforesting. (نبات) تَشْجير، تَحْرِيجٌ، غَرْسُ الأَحْراجِ
affront (1) 1. insult openly; offend purposely. يُهين عَلانيَةً، يُسيء قصدًا (إلى)، يَتَهجَّم (على)
2. meet face to face; confront. يُجابِه، يَتَصَدَّى (لِـ)
affront (2) open insult; offence. تهجُّمٌ، إِهَانَةٌ عَلَنيّة، إساءَةٌ
afire on fire, burning. (أ) مُتّقِدًا، مُشْتَعِلًا، مُحْتَرِقًا (ب) مُتَّقِدٌ، مُشْتَعِلٌ، مُضْطَرِمٌ
aflame in flames; on fire. (أ) يتَأَجَّجُ لَهبًا، مُلْتَهِبًا، مُشتَعِلًا (ب) مُلتَهِبٌ، مُشتَعِلٌ، مُتَأَجِّجٌ
afloat floating on water: The boat was still afloat although it was damaged. عَائِم، طَافٍ
afraid 1. frightened: He’s afraid of snakes. I’m afraid to go out in the dark. خائِف، هَائِب
2. anxious: I’m afraid it’s going to rain. يَخشَى
3. (way of saying) sorry: I’m afraid I can’t help you. مُتَأَسِّف، يُؤْسِفُني
afresh again; making a new beginning: Tear up this page and start afresh. مِن جَديد، مَرّة أُخْرَى، مُجَدَّدًا
aft (1) at the stern; toward the stern. نَحْو مُؤَخَّرِ السَّفِينَةِ، عند المُؤَخَّرة
aft (2) at the stern; toward the stern. كائِنٌ في مُؤَخَّرِ السَّفِينَة
after (1) later: She came first and he arrived soon after. فيما بَعْد، في وَقْتٍ لَاحِق
after (2) at a later time than: He arrived after I left. بَعْد
after (3) 1. next in order: 7 is the number after 6. بَعْد، تَالٍ
2. following, in search of: I ran after him but could not catch him. The police are after him. خَلْف، في أَثَر
3. (of repeated events): I warned him time after time. بَعْد
4. (of names, etc.) following, in the manner of: He is called George, after his father. (يُسمّى) باسْم
5. after all (a) in spite of this: He refused my invitation but came after all. (b) when everything has been considered: We lost the match. After all, we only had 9 players. (أ) مَع ذَلك، رَغم ذَلك (ب) وَمَا ذَلك إلّا لأَنَّ
aftereffect result or effect that follows later. أثرٌ لاحِقٌ، رَدَّةُ فِعْلٍ
afterlife 1. life after death. الحياةُ بَعْدَ المَوتِ
2. life after a part of it is gone. باقي العُمْر
3. in afterlife. في المَرْحَلَة المُتَأَخِّرة من حياة الإنسان
afternoon the time between midday and evening. مَا بَعد الظُّهر، العَصْر
afterthought a thought concerning a subject or an action that comes to the mind later, or too late. رَأْي مُسْتَدرَك أو مُتَأَخِّر، فِكرَة تَالِية أو مُتَأَخِّرَة
afterwards later. بَعْدَئِذٍ، فيما بَعْد
again 1. once more: If you fail, try again. ثانيَةً، مَرّةً أُخْرى
2. (with not or never) any more: Don’t do it again. ثَانِيةً، مَرّةً أُخْرَى
3. in a former state or place: I hope you’ll soon be well again. ثانيةً، كسَابِق عَهْدِه
4. also besides: You’re too young to go. And again, you aren’t invited. وَفَوْقَ ذَلِك، وفَضْلًا عَنْ ذَلك
5. again and again very often. مِرارًا وتَكْرَارًا
6. now and again sometimes. أَحْيَانًا، مِنْ وَقْت لآخر
7. time and again. تَكرارًا، مَرَّةً بَعدَ أخرى
against 1. opposed to: a match against another team; a law against murder. ضِدّ
2. touching (usually sth. upright): The rain beat against the window. He pressed his nose against the glass. عَلَى، إِلَى
agape 1. gaping; with the mouth wide open in wonder or surprise. فاغرًا فَاهُ (دهشةً أو اسْتِغرابًا)
2. wide open. مَفْتُوحٌ علَى سَعَتهِ
agate 1. a stone with coloured stripes or clouded colours; kind of quartz. (تعدين) عَقيقٌ، حَجَر يَمانيٌّ، نَوعٌ من المَرو: صَوّاناتٌ مركَّبةٌ من الألُومِنيوم والكلسِ والمَغْنِيسيُوم
2. playing marble that looks like this. كرة لُعْبٍ (كُلّة) تُشْبِهُ العقيق
agave American desert plant with a tall flower stalk rising from stiff thick leaves: Soap, alcoholic drinks, and rope are made from some kinds of agave. (نبات) أَغاف، باهرَة: نباتٌ أَمِيركيٌّ صحراويٌّ، زَهْرهُ طَويل العنقِ يَخرجُ من أوراقٍ ثخينةٍ وهو من فصيلةِ النَّرجِسيَّاتِ
age (1) 1. length of life: He’s ten years of age. He’s the same age as I am. عُمْر، سِنّ
2. long life: His hair was white with age. (طُول) العُمْر، شَيْخُوخَة
3. a time of life: middle age; old age. عُمْر
4. a period in history: the Stone Age; the Middle Ages. عَصْر، حِقْبَة من الزَّمَن
5. under age too young: You can’t join the army as you’re under age. قاصِر، دُون سِنّ الرُّشد
6. for ages [infml.] for a long time: I haven’t seen him for ages. لِفَتْرَةٍ طَوِيلَةٍ
7. age bracket. فَريق مِن الناس أَعْمارهم مِن كَذا إلى كَذا
age (2) to grow old. يَشِيخ، يَهْرَم
aged (1) having the age of: I have a son aged nine. يَبْلُغُ (كذا) مِنَ العُمْر
aged (2) very old: We saw an aged man with long white hair. مُسِنّ، طَاعِنٌ في السِّنّ
agency the business or office of an agent: a travel agency. وَكَالَة (تِجَاريّة)، مَكْتَب تِجَاريّ
agenda 1. sb. who looks after sb. else’s business: He’s an agent for Ford cars. وَكيل (أَعْمَال)، مُمَثِّل (شَركَة)
2. (esp. in science) sth. that acts on sth. else and produces an effect. عامِل (في العُلُوم)
agent provocateur person hired to incite others to do something that will make them liable to punishment [French]. مُحَرِّضٌ مَأْجُور (للإيقاع بِـ)، عَميلٌ مُحَرِّض
agglomeration 1. act of agglomerating. تَكوُّم، تكتُّل، تكويم، تكديس
2. agglomerated condition. تَكوُّر، اِرتجام
3. mass of things gathered or clustered together. كُتْلَةٌ، كُومَةٌ
aggravate 1. to make (trouble) worse: Cold and wet weather aggravates most illnesses. يُفَاقِم أو يُعَقّد الأُمُور، يَزيد الحَالَة سُوءًا
2. [infml.] to make sb. angry: That noise aggravates me. يُثير، يُغضِب، يُحْنِق
aggregate (1) 1. collect; unite. يُجمِّع، يَضُمّ، يَتَجَمَّع، يَتراكم
2. amount to: The money collected will aggregate $1000. يَبْلُغ مجموعه، يَجْمُل
aggregate (2) 1. collection; mass of separate things joined together. رُكام، جُمْلَةٌ، مجموعَة
2. total: The aggregate of all the gifts was over $100. مَجْمُوعٌ، مُجْمَلٌ، حَصِيلَةٌ
aggregate (3) 1. gathered together in one mass or group. مُجمَّعٌ، مُكدَّسٌ، مُتَجَمِّع
2. total: The aggregate of all the gifts was over $100. إجماليّ
3. in the aggregate. على وجه الإِجمال، إجمالًا
aggression unreasonable attack. عُدْوَان، هُجُوم
aggressive fond of attacking others; quick to quarrel: He’s very aggressive about politics. عُدْوَانيّ، مُتَهَجِّم
aggressor one who attacks first. مُعْتَدٍ، مُبَادِئٌ بالشَّر
aghast frightened; terrified; filled with horror. مُرْتَاعٌ، مَرْعوبٌ، مُرَوَّعٌ، مَشْدُوهٌ
agile able to move one’s body quickly and easily: Forest monkeys are very agile. رَشيق، نَشيط، خَفِيف الحَرَكَة
agility being agile. رَشَاقَة، نَشَاط، خِفَّة الحَرَكَة
agitate 1. (often passive) to make sb. anxious: She was agitated when her husband didn’t come home from work. يُهَيّج، يُجْزِع، يُثير
2. (esp. of liquids) to stir or shake about. يُحَرّك، يَخُضّ
3. to make noisy public demands: He agitated for a change in the marriage laws. يُثير، يُهَيّج، يُثير الشّغب
agitation being agitated; agitating. تَهَيُّج، هِيَاج، اِضْطِراب
agitator one who excites people to make (esp. political) trouble. مُهَيّج، مُشَاغِب
ago before the present time: 100 years ago; long ago; a short while ago. مُنْذُ، مِن قَبْلُ
agony great pain (of mind or body) عَذَاب، أَلَم مُبَرِّح
agoraphobia رَهْبَة الخَلاء، رُهاب الفَضاء: الخَوفُ من الفَضاءِ والأَمْكِنَةِ المُتَّسِعَةِ
agrarian (1) 1. having to do with land, its use, or its ownership: Most old countries have had agrarian disputes between landlords and tenants. زِراعيٌّ، مُتَعلِّق بالأراضي الزِراعيَّة
2. agricultural. زِراعيٌّ، مُـتَـعلِّق بالأراضي الزِّراعيَّة
agrarian (2) person who favours a new division of land. شَخْصٌ من أَنْصارِ الإصْلاح الزِّراعيّ (أي تَوزِيع الأراضي من جديد)
agree 1. to have the same opinion: I agree with your ideas about music. يُوَافِق، يَتَّفِق في الرَّأْي مَع
2. to say ‘yes’; be willing: I asked him to help me and he agreed. يُوَافِق (على)، يَرْضَى
3. to suit one’s health or stomach: Strong cheese does not agree with me. يُوافِق، يُلائِم
agreeable 1. pleasing: an agreeable taste. مَقْبُول، سَائِغ، مُلائِم
2. ready to agree: If you’re agreeable, we’ll start at once. مُسْتعِدّ للمُوَافَقَة
agreement 1. the state of agreeing: Doctors are in agreement that smoking harms the health. اتّفَاق، مُوَافَقَة
2. an arrangement (spoken or written) between two persons or groups. اتّفاقِيّة، مُعاهَدة
agricultural of or used in farming: agricultural machines; an agricultural worker. زِرَاعِيّ
agriculture farming. زِرَاعَة
agronomy science of managing farm land; branch of agriculture dealing with crop production; husbandry. علم الزراعة (خاصّة ما يتعلّق بالإنتاج)، علمُ إدارةِ المزارع
aground (of ships) touching the bottom where the water is not deep enough. جَانِح، مُرْتَطِم بالأَرْض
A.H. Anno Hegirae; the year of Mohammed’s flight from Mecca; A.D. 622. بعد عامِ الهِجْرَة: هِجرةُ النبيّ مُحمّد (صلعم) مِنْ مَكَّةَ إلى المَدينَةِ عام 622م
ah exclamation of pain, sorrow, regret, pity, admiration, surprise, joy, dislike, contempt, etc. The meaning of ah varies according to the way it is spoken. آهٍ: صرخَةُ أَلَم أو أَسَفٍ أو شفَقَةٍ أو إعْجَاب
ahead 1. in front: A mountain rose ahead of us. He arrived just ahead of us. أَمام، قُدّام
2. go ahead to go on; make progress: You may go ahead with your plans. يَتَقَدّم، يَسْتَمِرّ، يُوَاصِل، يُتَابِع
3. ahead of one’s time. قَبْلَ عصره، سَابِقٌ لأوَانِهِ
4. look ahead. يُفَكِّرُ، يُعِدُّ العُدَّةَ لاحْتياجاتِ المُسْتَقْبلِ، يَنظُرُ إلى الأمام
5. straight ahead. إلى الأمامِ تمامًا أو مباشرةً
aid (1) 1. help: I ran to his aid. This book is an aid to learning English. مَعُونة، مُسَاعَدَة
2. first aid treatment given by an ordinary person to sb. sick or hurt. إسعاف أوّلِيّ
aid (2) to give support to; help. يُعِين، يُسَاعِد، يُعَاوِن
ail 1. trouble; be the matter with. يُؤلِم، يَعْرو، يُصيب
2. be ill; feel sick. يَعتَلُّ، يَمرَض، يَتوعَّك
3. what ails you? ماذا يُوجِعُك؟ ماذا بِك؟ ماذا أصابك؟
ailment disorder of the body or mind; illness; sickness. تَوَعُّكٌ، مَرَضٌ، عِلَّةٌ
ailment an illness, esp. one that is not serious. مَرَضٌ، عِلّةٌ
aim (1) 1. to send or point in a certain direction: I aimed (my gun) at his heart. He aimed (a blow) at my head. يُصوِّب، يُسَدِّد
2. to plan: I aim to become a doctor. يَهْدِف (إلى)، يَطْمَح (إلى)
aim (2) purpose; intention: His only aim in life is to get rich. هَدَف، قَصْد، غَرَض
aimless with no purpose. سَبَهْلَل، دُونَما هَدَف، هَائِم
air (1) 1. the mixture of gases that we breathe. الهَوَاء، الجَوّ
2. manner; appearance: The headmaster has an air of importance. هَيْئَة، سِيماء، مَظْهَر
3. on the air being sent out on the radio or television. عَلَى الهَوَاء، عَلى الأَثير
4. to put on airs to behave too proudly. يَتَكلّف، يَتَصَنّع العَظَمَة
5. airs unnatural or affected manners. سُلوكٌ مُصْطَنَعٌ، آدابٌ مُتكلّفةٌ
air (2) to let the air freshen or dry sth. يُهَوِّي، يُعَرِّض للهَوَاء
air-conditioned having air-conditioning. مُكيَّف الهَوَاء
air-conditioning a means that provides a room or building with a supply of pure air with controlled heat and dryness. تَكْيِيف الهَوَاء
air force the part of a country’s military organization concerned with attack or defence from the air. سِلاح الطَّيَرَان
air freshener مادّة تُطيِّب الهَواء في غُرفَة ما (وتَجعله طَيِّب الرائحة)
air hostess air hostess BrE, stewardess AmE, a woman who looks after travellers on an aircraft. مُضِيفَة جَوِّيَّة
air raid an attack by aeroplanes. غَارَة جَوِّيَّة
air traffic حَرَكَةُ الملاحة الجَوِّيَّة
air traffic control ضَبْط أو مُراقَبة المُرُور الجوّيّ، تنظيم الخطوط الجوّيّة
airbag كِيْس في السيَّارة يَنتفخ بالهَواء لِوِقاية السائق والراكب عِنْد العَوارض، كِيْس نفّاخ
aircraft an aeroplane or other flying machine. طَائِرَة، مَرْكَبَة جَوِّيّة
aircraft carrier a warship carrying many aircraft. سَفِينَة حَامِلَة للطَّائِرَات
airfield a landing ground for aeroplanes. مَطَار
airgun a small gun worked by air pressure. مِدْفَع هَوَائِيّ، مِدْفَعَة بِرْشَام هَوَائِيّة
airless 1. lacking fresh air; without air. مُفْتَقِرٌ لِلهَواء النّقيّ، خَالٍ مِنَ الهَواءِ
2. without a breeze; still. سَاكِنٌ، رَاكدُ الهواءِ
airline 1. a company supplying public aeroplane travel services. شَرِكَة طَيَران
2. air transport system for public use. خَطّ سَفَر جَوِّي
airliner a large aeroplane for public service. طائِرةُ رُكّاب عُمُومِيّة
airmail 1. (the way of sending) letters, etc., carried by air. بَرِيد جَوِّي
2. by airmail. بِالبَرِيد الجوِّي
airman 1. one whose job is flying in aeroplanes. طَيّار
2. any member of an air force. جُنْدِيّ في السِّلَاح الجَوِّيّ
airport a place where aircraft land and take off, which has several buildings, and which is used regularly by paying travellers. مَطَار
airsickness دُوار الجَوِّ
airstrip a simple landing ground, not used by public air companies. مَهْبِط طَائِرات خَاصّة
airtight not letting air in or out: These cigarettes are packed in airtight tins. مُحْكَم السَّد، لا يَسْمَح للهَوَاءِ بالدُّخُول
airy open to the fresh air: an airy room. مُهَوًّى، حَسَن التَّهْوِيَة
aisle a passage between blocks of seats in a church, theatre, etc. مَمَرّ أو مَمْشًى (بين كراسِي الكَنِيسة أو المَسْرَح، إلخ)
ajar (of doors) slightly open. مُوارَب، مَفْتُوح قَليلًا
akimbo with the hand on the hip and the elbow bent outward. (أ) مُتَخَصِّرًا: واضِعًا يَدَهُ على خَاصِرَتهِ (ب) مُتَخَصِّرٌ: واضِعٌ يدَه على خَاصِرَتهِ
akin 1. related: Your cousins are akin to you. قَريبٌ، نَسِيبٌ
2. alike; similar: Most boys are akin in their love of sports. مُمَاثِلٌ، مُتَشابِه
alabaster (1) 1. a smooth, white, translucent stone: Alabaster is often carved into ornaments and vases. It is a variety of gyspusm. بَسْتَر، هَيْصَم، مَرْمَر: حَجرٌ كلسيٌّ شِبْهُ شَفَّافٍ قليلُ الصلابة
2. a stone that is somewhat translucent and often banded like marble. It is a variety of calcite. بَسْتَر، هَيْصَم، مَرْمَر: حَجرٌ كلسيٌّ شِبْهُ شَفَّافٍ قليلُ الصلابة
alabaster (2) smooth, white, and translucent like alabaster. ناعِمٌ أَمْلَسُ كالهَيْصَم، بَسْتَريّ، مَرمريّ
alacrity 1. brisk and eager action; liveliness: Although the man was very old, he still moved with alacrity. خِفَّةٌ، نَشاطٌ، حَيويَّةٌ
2. cheerful willingness. رَغْبَةٌ، إقْبالٌ مع انْشِراحٍ
alarm (1) 1. fear of possible danger: The sound of a shot filled her with alarm. فَزَع، ذُعْر
2. a warning of danger: I rang a bell to raise the alarm. إنْذَار بالخَطَر، تَنْبِيه إلى الخَطَر
alarm (2) to make anxious; cause alarm to: The bad news alarmed me. يُفْزِع، يُرِيع
alarm clock a clock with a bell that rings at a fixed time, to wake sb. in the morning, etc. سَاعَة مُنَبِّهة، مُنَبِّه
albacore kind of large sea fish, used for food. أَلْبَكُورة: نَوعٌ مِنَ السَّمَكِ البَحريّ الكبير من فَصِيلَةِ الإسْقُمْرِيّ يَصْلُحُ للأكلِ
albatross large webfooted sea bird that can fly long distances. The family is allied to the petrels. قَطْرَسٌ، قَادُوسٌ: طائرٌ بَحريٌّ من كفّيّاتِ القَدَمِ يَطير مَسافاتٍ طويلةً
albeit although; even though. مَعَ أَنَّ، وَلو، ولَوْ أَنَّ
albino 1. any person who has a pale milky skin, very light hair, and pink eyes. أمْهَقُ: فاقِدُ لَوْن الجلد والشَّعر والحَدَقَةِ
2. any animal or plant that has pale, defective colouring. حَيوانٌ أو نباتٌ باهتُ اللّونِ أو فاقده
album a book in which stamps or photographs are kept. أَلْبُوم = دَفْتَر لِحفْظ الصُّوَر أو الطَّوَابع
albumen 1. white of an egg consisting mostly of albumin dissolved in water. آحٌ، زُلالُ البَيْضِ
2. in chemistry, albumin. (كيمياء) زُلالٌ: مادّةٌ آزوتيّة توجد في أنسجة النبات والحيوان
3. in botany, the food for a young plant stored in a seed; endosperm. (علم النبات) سُوَيْداء: زُلالُ البزْرَةِ لتغذية جنين النبات
albumin the protein in the white of an egg and in many other animal and plant tissues and juices. (بيولوجيا، كيمياء) ألبومين، آحٌ، زُلالٌ: مادَّةٌ هُلاميَّة شفّاةٌ أزوتيَّةٌ توجدُ خاصَّةً في بياضِ البَيْضِ وفي أَنْسِجَةِ النَّباتِ والحَيَوانِ وعُصاراتِهَا
alchemy 1. combination of chemistry and magic, studied in the Middle Ages. سيميَاء، علمُ الكيمياء القديمة: كان يَهْدِفُ إلى تحويل المعادن الرخيصة إلى ذَهَب
2. magic power or process for changing one thing into another. قوَّةٌ سِحريَّةٌ تُحوِّلُ الأشياء من مادَّةٍ إلى أُخْرى
alcohol a colourless liquid, present in wine and all strong drinks. كُحُول
alcoholic containing alcohol. كُحُوليّ
alcove 1. small room opening out of a larger one. مُخدَعٌ، مقصورة
2. large hollow space in a wall; recess in a wall. طَاقٌ أو قَنْطَرةٌ في جدارِ غُرْفَةٍ
3. summerhouse. دارةٌ، كاشانَةٌ: بَيتٌ للاصْطِيافِ
alert (1) 1. watchful; wide-awake: A good hunting dog is alert to every sound and movement in the field. مُتَيَقِّظٌ، حَذِرُ، مُنْتَبِهٌ
2. lively; nimble: A sparrow is very alert in its movements. رَشيقُ الحركة، مُمتَلِئٌ حَيَوِيَّةٌ
alert (2) put on the alert. يُنبِّه، يُحذِّر (من خَطَرٍ مُتَوَقَّعٍ)
alert 1. watchful; ready to act. يَقِظ، مُنْتَبِه، وَاعٍ
2. on the alert alert; looking out for: be on the alert for danger. مُتَيَقِّظ، مُتَأَهِّب
algae group of water plants that have chlorophyll, but do not have true stems, roots, or leaves. Some algae are single-celled and form scum on rocks; others, such as seaweeds, are very large. (نبات) أُشْنيّات، طَحالِب: نباتاتٌ من طائِفَةِ اللَّازَهْريَّاتِ لا تتميّزُ في أجْسامِهَا السيقان والأَوْراقُ والجُذورُ، تَعِيشُ في الأماكِن الرَّطْبَة أو في المياهِ الحُلْوة أو في البِحارِ منها ما هو أُحاديُّ الخليّةِ ومنها ما هو ضَخْم
Afgan hound كَلْبٌ سَريعٌ من فصيلة السَّلوقيّ يُستخدم للصيد
algebra a branch of mathematics, using signs and letters as well as numbers. عِلْم الجَبْر
alibi a proof of absence from the scene of a crime. دَفْعٌ بالغَيْبَة = إثْبَات التغيب عن مَكان الجَريمة
alien (1) a foreign person: All aliens need work permits. أَجْنَبِيّ، غَرِيب
alien (2) foreign. أَجْنَبِيّ، غَريب
alienate 1. turn away in feeling or affection; make unfriendly: He was alienated from his sister by her foolish acts. يُنَفِّر، يُبْعِد عَن، يُجافي، يُحَوِّل، يَتَحوَّل عن
2. transfer the ownership of (property) to another: The property of the enemy in this country is alienated during war. يَنقُل أو يُحَوِّل المِلكِيَّة لِشَخْصٍ آخَر
alight (1) on fire; burning; lit. مُشتَعِل، مُحْتَرِق، مُنَار
alight (2) (of a bird) to come down from the air. يَهْبِط، يَحُطّ (الطائر)
align, aline arrange in a straight line; bring into line; form in a line; come into line; line up: He aligned the sights of his rifle. The troops aligned. In the World War of 1914-18 France was aligned with England. يُنَظِّمُ في صَفٍّ واحِدٍ، يَصُفّ، يَصْطَفُّ، يَتَراصُّ، ينحازَ إلى
alike (1) the same; not very different: My sisters look much alike. مُتَشَابِه، مُتَماثِل
alike (2) in the same way: He treats us all alike. عَلى حَدٍّ سَواء، بالطَّريقة نَفْسِها
aliment food; nourishment. قُوتٌ، طَعَامٌ، غِذاءٌ
alimentary canal the parts of the body through which food passes: The mouth, oesophagus, stomach, intestines, and anus are parts of the alimentary canal. (طب) القَناةُ الهَضْميَّةُ: أُنبوبَةٌ غِشائيَّةٌ عَضَليَّةٌ تَبتدِئُ من الفَمِ وتَنْتهي عِنْدَ الاسْتِ
alimentation 1. nourishment; nutrition. تَغْذِيةٌ
2. maintenance; support. إِعالَةٌ، إِقاتَةٌ
alimony money paid to a woman for her support by her husband, or former husband, under orders from a judge: Alimony is paid after a divorce, after a legal separation, or until a decision is reached by the judge. نَفَقَةٌ شَرْعِيَّة لزَوْجةٍ مَهْجورة أو مُطلَّقةٍ
alive 1. living: He was buried alive when part of a cliff fell on him. حَيّ، على قَيْد الحَيَاة
2. alive with full of (sth. moving): The river is alive with fish. يَزْخَر، يَعِجّ (بِـ)
alkali a substance which acts with an acid to produce a salt. القِلْي، قِلْوي، القَلِي، مَادّة قَلَوِيّة
alkaline of alkalis: Chalk is an alkaline substance. قَلَوِيّ
all (1) the whole number or amount of: All the boys have spent all their money. كُلّ، جَميع
all (2) everything; everyone: All is ready. All of us are tired. We all want to go. الكلُّ، الجَميع، كُلّ شيء
all (3) 1. (with comparatives) much: If you run you’ll get there all the sooner. بِكَثير
2. all at once suddenly. فَجْأَة
3. all but nearly: Our boat all but sank in the storm. يَكاد أن، تَقْريبًا
4. all in [infml.] tired out: After running 8 miles he was all in. مُنْهَك، مُجْهَد
5. at all in any way: Can you swim at all? I don’t like this at all. قَطّ، مُطْلَقًا، بأَيّةِ حال
6. for all in spite of: For all his strength, he could not lift it. على الرُّغم مِن
7. for all I know as far as I know: For all I know, you may have stolen this. بِحَسَب عِلمي، عَلى مِقْدار عِلْمي
8. in all altogether: We won six games in all. ما مَجْمُوعُه، ما مُجْمَلُه
all right 1. correct; good enough; satisfactory. صَحيحٌ، حَسَنٌ، مُرْضٍ، بِخَيْرٍ
2. yes. نَعم، أَجَل
3. without doubt; certainly. بدُونِ رَيْبٍ، بِالتَّأْكِيدِ، سَمْعًا وطاعَةً
allay allayed, allaying: make less; check; quiet; relieve: His fears were allayed by news of the safety of his family. His fever was allayed by the medicine. يُقَلِّل، يُسَكِّن، يُهدِّئ، يُخَفِّف، يُلَطِّف
allegation a statement that charges sb. with doing sth. bad but which is not supported by proof. زَعْم، ادِّعاء
allege to say; declare (sth. that will have to be proved): He alleges that you stole his pen. يَزعُم، يَدَّعي
allegiance 1. the loyalty owed by a citizen to his country or by a subject to his ruler. وَلاء: وَلاءُ المُواطِنِ لِوَطَنِهِ أو الرَّعيَّة لحاكِمها
2. loyalty; faithfulness; devotion. طاعَةٌ، مُوالاة، إخْلاصٌ
allegory story which is told to explain or teach something: Bunyan’s: The Pilgrim’s Progress is an allegory. قِصَّةٌ رَمْزيَّةٌ ذَاتُ مَغْزًى
allergy unsusual sensitiveness to a certain substance: Hay fever and asthma are often caused by allergies to certain pollens and dusts.
alleviate make easier to endure; relieve; lessen: Heat often alleviates pain. يُخَفِّف، يُهَدِّئ، يُلَطِّف، يُسَكِّن
alleviation 1. alleviating. تَخْفيفٌ، تَهدئة
2. being alleviated. انْفِراجٌ، تَلْطيفٌ
3. thing that alleviates. مُسَكِّنٌ، مُلَطِّفٌ
alley 1. narrow back street in a city or town. زُقَاقٌ، زَقَبٌ، مَمَرٌّ
2. path in a park or garden, bordered by trees. مَمَرٌّ تَحُفُّ به الأشجارُ في حديقة أو مَيْدانٍ
3. long, narrow, enclosed place for bowling. مكانٌ طَويلٌ ضَيِّقٌ ومُقْفَل للُعبةِ البولنغ
alley a narrow passage between buildings. زُقَاق
alleyway 1. alley in a city or town. طَريقٌ، زُقاقٌ
2. narrow passageway. مَمَرٌّ أو مَسْلَكٌ ضَيِّقٌ
alliance a union of persons or countries for a special purpose. حِلْف، تَحالُف، ائْتِلاف
allied 1. joined by agreement (for some purpose): the allied forces. مُتَحالِف، مُتّحِد
2. allied to related: The French language is allied to Latin. مُتّصِل، مُنْتَسِب
alligator a large cold-blooded fierce animal that lives on land and in lakes and rivers in the hot wet parts or America and China. تِمْسَاح
allocate to set sth. apart for a special purpose; give sth. as sb’s. share: $50 was allocated for new library books. We allocated the hardest jobs to the strongest boys. يُوزِّع، يُقَسِّم، يُخَصّص
allocation the act of allocating; sth. that is allocated. تَخْصِيص، تَوْزيع، حِصَّة
allot -tt- to give sth. esp. as a share: Each of us was allotted a shelf for his books. يُخصِّص، يُوَزِّع (حِصَصًا)
allover (1) 1. covering the whole surface. مُغَطٍّ السَّطْحَ كُلَّهُ، شامِل
2. having a pattern that is repeated over the whole surface. ذو وَشيٍ مُكرَّرٍ على السَّطحِ كُلّهِ
allover (2) cloth with an allover pattern. نسيجٌ مُوَشًّى بالنَّمطِ نَفْسِه
allow 1. to let (sb.) do sth.; permit: We’re not allowed to smoke here. يَسْمَح، يُجِيز
2. to give regularly: My father allows me $50 a year. يُخصِّص لِـ، يُجْري مَالًا عَلى
3. allow for: to provide for; take into consideration: I’ve allowed enough time for a meal on the way. We must allow for possible delays. يَحْسِب حِسَاب، يَضَع فِي حِسَابه، يأخُذُ في اعْتِبَارِه
allowable that can be allowed. جائِز، مُبَاح
allowance 1. money given regularly to sb. جِرَاية (مَالِيّة)، مخصّصَات
2. make allowance(s) for: to take into consideration facts that may change sth., esp. an opinion: The judge made allowance(s) for his youth, and punished him lightly. يُراعِي، يَلْتَمس عُذْرًا لِـ، يأخُذ في اعتباره
alloy a mixture of metals. خَلِيط مَعْدنيّ، سَبيكَة
allude to to speak indirectly about sb. or sth.: When he said ‘someone’ he was alluding to you. يُلَمِّح (إلى)، يُشير (إلى)، يُعَرِّض (بِـ)
allure (1) tempt; attract; charm; fascinate. يُغْري، يَسْتَهوي، يَسْبي، يَسحَر، يَفتِن
allure (2) attractiveness; fascination. اسْتِمالَة، فُتُونٌ، إِغراءٌ، تَشْوِيقٌ
allusion the act of alluding; sth. that alludes. تَلْمِيح، إشَارَة
alluvial consisting of or formed by sand or mud left by flowing water: A delta is an alluvial deposit at the mouth of a river. غَرينيٌّ، رُسوبيٌّ، طَمْييٌّ
alluvium the sand or mud left by flowing water. (جيولوجيا) طَميٌ، غَرينٌ، رَواسِب، طَبقةٌ أو طبقَاتٌ من مُترسِّباتِ المياهِ الجاريَةِ
ally (1) to unite; join together, esp. for war. يُحالِفُ، يتَحالَفُ
ally (2) a state that is allied to another, esp. in war; a person who helps or supports one. حَلِيف
almanac calendar or table showing the days, weeks, and months: Many almanacs give information about the weather, sun, moon, stars, tides, church days, and other facts. تَقْويمٌ، زِيجٌ، رُوزْنامَة
almarmist person who is always warning of danger without any real reason. مُرْجِفٌ، مُقْلِقٌ، ناشِرُ الرُّعْبِ
almond 1. a kind of tree. شَجَرة اللَّوْز
2. a nut of this tree. ثَمَرَة اللَّوْز
almost nearly: I have almost finished. He is very old - almost eighty. تَقْرِيبًا
alms money or food given to the poor. صَدَقة، زَكَاة، حَسَنَة
aloe 1. plant of the Liliaceae family having a long spike of flowers and thick, narrow leaves that grows in South Africa and other warm, dry climates. (نبات) الصُبّارُ، صَبْرٌ، أَلْوَةٌ، مَقْرٌ: جِنْسُ نباتٍ من الفصيلةِ الزَّنْبَقيّة يَنْبُتُ في البلاد الحارَّةِ
2. similar plant of the Amaryllidaceae family, the American aloe, century plant, or agave. صُبّارٌ أميركيٌّ من الفَصِيلةِ النَّرجسيَّة يُعَمِّرُ طويلًا
aloft 1. far above the earth; up in the air; high up. عاليًا، في الجَوّ، مُرْتَفِعًا
2. high above the deck of a ship; up among the sails, rigging, or masts of a ship. عاليًا فَوْقَ سَطْح المَركَبِ (بين القُلوع وحبال الشِّراع)
alone 1. by oneself; not with others: He lives all alone. وَحيدًا، بمُفْرَدِهِ
2. (after a noun or pronoun) and no other: You alone can help me. وَحْدَه، دُونَ غَيْرِه
3. leave (or let) alone not to touch: Leave that radio alone! يَتْرُكُه وَشَأْنَه
4. let alone certainly not; without considering: She can’t even cook an egg, let alone a chicken. نَاهِيكَ عَن، فَكَيف بِـ
along (1) following the line of: He ran along the road. بِحِذَاءِ، عَلَى طُولِ
along (2) 1. with one: Bring your friend along. مَع، بِصُحْبَةِ
2. all along: all the time: I’ve known all along that he was a thief. طَوَال الوَقْت أو المُدَّة
alongside along the side (of): The two ships lay alongside (each other) بجانِب، بحِذاء
aloof 1. cold in manner; unfriendly: She seems aloof, but she is really very kind. مُتَحَفِّظَ، مُتَباعِد
2. apart: He stood aloof from the others. بَعِيدًا عن الآخَرين، بِمَعْزِل
aloud in a voice that may be heard: He read it aloud. بِصَوْتٍ عالٍ، جهَارًا
alpaca 1. South American animal having long silky wool. It is a kind of llama. (حيوان) أَلْبَكا: جَمَلٌ صغيرٌ من نَوْعِ اللّاما، لا سَنَامَ له، من فصيلة الإبل، يعيشُ في أميركا الجَنوبيّة ويشتهرُ بدقّةِ وَبَرِهِ
2. its wool. صُوفُ الألبكا
3. cloth made from this wool. نسيجٌ من صوفِ الأَلْبَكا
4. glossy, wiry cloth made of wool and cotton, usually black. قماشٌ صَقيلٌ مَتينٌ منسوجٌ من الصُّوفِ والقطنِ ويكون عادةً أسودَ اللَّونِ
alpha & omega the first and the last; the beginning and the end. البداية والنِّهاية، الأول والآخر، الألف والياء
alpha 1. the first letter of the Greek alphabet (A, α). ألفا: الحرفُ الأوَّل من الأبجديّة اليُونانِيَّة
2. the beginning; first in a series. بِدَايَةٌ: الأوّلُ في سِلسِلة
3. alpha plus. مُمتَاز، عال العال
alpha rays rays of positive particles given off by radium and similar substances. (طبيعيّات) أَشِعَّةُ أَلْفا، الأَشِعَّةُ الأَلْفِيَّة: أشعَّةٌ من جُسَيْماتٍ مَوْجيَّة التَّكَهْرُبِ تَنْبَعِثُ من الراديوم أو غيرِهِ من الموادِّ المُشِعَّةِ
alphabet all the letters used for writing a language, in order: The English alphabet runs from A to Z. الأَبْجَدِيّة، حُرُوف الهِجَاء
alphabetical of, belonging to, or in the order of, the alphabet: Alphabetical signs are used in some calculations. This is an alphabetical list of names. أَبْجَدِيّ، مُرَتّب أَبْجَدِيًّا
already 1. before this time: She’s already married. مِن قَبْل
2. (in questions, expressing surprise) so soon: Is it dinner time already? بِهَذِه السُّرْعَة
also too; as well. أَيْضًا، كَذَلِكَ
altar a table where gifts to a god are placed. مَذْبَح (فِي كَنِيسَة)
alter to change; make or become different: People’s appearances alter as they grow older. She has altered her skirt because it was too short. يُغَيِّر، يُبَدِّل، يَتَغَيَّر
alteration change: There will be an alteration in the times of the afternoon lessons. This plan needs alteration. تَغَيُّر، تَغْيِير
altercation angry dispute; quarrel: The two teams had an altercation over the referee’s decision. تَشَاجُرٌ، مُهاتَرَةٌ، خِصامٌ، مُشاحَنةٌ
alterego 1. another aspect of one’s nature. قَرينُ النَّفْسِ، الأَنا (الأُخرى)
2. very intimate friend [Latin]. صَديقٌ حَمِيمٌ
alternate (1) 1. first one, then the other: He and I drive the bus on alternate days. مُتَعاقِب، مُتَناوِب
2. every second one: The ships sail on alternate Thursdays. مُتَعاقِب، مُتَنَاوِب
alternate (2) to (cause to) follow by turns: We alternated periods of work and rest. Work alternated with rest. يَتَعَاقَب، يَتَنَاوَب أو يُناوب
alternative (offering) a choice of two or more: Enquire and inquire are alternative forms of the same word. بَديل، مُغَايِر، خِيارِيّ
alternative medicine طَريقة في مُداواة الأَمراض مُغايِرة للطَّريقة المَعهودة، طِبّ مُغايِر
although 1. in spite of the fact that; (without a verb) in spite of being: Although (he was) ill, he went to work. مَعَ أَنَّ، عَلَى الرُّغْمِ مِنْ أَنَّ
2. and yet; but: I think it’s his coat, although I’m not certain. مَع أَنّ، وإِنْ...
altimeter instrument for measuring altitude: Altimeters are used in aircraft to indicate height above the earth’s surface. ألتيمتر، مِقْيَاسُ الارْتِفاع: يُستَعْمَلُ في الطَّيرانِ لِقياسِ الارتِفاعِ عن سَطْحِ الأَرضِ
altitude height (esp. height measured above sea level): Modern aeroplanes can fly at very high altitudes. اِرْتِفَاع، عُلُوّ (عَنْ سَطْح البَحْر)
altogether 1. completely: I don’t agree with you altogether. كُليّة، تَمَامًا
2. counting all: Altogether, here and at home, I have six pens. أجْمَع، بالإِجْمَال
altruism unselfishness; working for the welfare of others. غَيْريَّةٌ، مَحبَّةُ الغَيْرِ، مَذْهَبُ الإِيثار
altruist unselfish person; person who works for the welfare of others. غَيْريٌّ: مُحِبّ الغَيْر
aluminium aluminium BrE, aluminum AmE, a kind of very light silver-coloured metal. (مَعْدِن) الأَلُومِنْيُوم
aluminium foil وَرَق مَعدنيّ رَقيق يُلَفّ به الطعام لِحِفْظه، فُوية
alumnus graduate or former student of a school, college, or university. خِرّيجٌ أو طَالِبٌ سَابِقٌ في جامِعَةٍ أو كُلِّيَّةٍ أو مدرسةٍ
always at all times. دَوْمًا، أبدًا، على الدوام
am first pers. sing. present tense of be: I am writing this book.
amalgam 1. any alloy of mercury with some other metal or metals: Tin amalgam is used in silvering mirrors. Silver amalgam is used as fillings for teeth. مُلْغَمٌ: الزِّئبقُ ممزوج بفِلزٍّ آخر
2. mixture; combination; blend; union. مَزيجٌ، خليطٌ
amalgamate (of businesses, groups, etc.) to join; unite; (of substances) mix. يَخْلِط، يُمَلْغِم، يَدْمُج، يَضُمّ
amalgamation uniting. دَمج، مُلْغَمة
amaranth 1. imaginary flower that never fades [Poetic]. زَهْرة خياليّةٌ لا تَذْبُلُ
2. plant of the Amarantaceae family with showy purple or crimson flowers; lovelies-bleeding. (نبات) قَطيفة، سالِف العروس: جِنْسُ أزهارٍ مشهورةٍ من فصيلةِ القطيفيّاتِ
3. purple; purplish red. أُرْجوانٌ، قِرْمِزٌ
amaryllis lilylike plant of the Amaryllidaceae family with clusters of large red, white, or purple flowers. (نبات) أَماريلِّس: زَهرٌ من فَصِيلَةِ النَّرْجِسيَّاتِ، نَرجِسٌ مُلوَّنٌ
amass heap together; pile up; accumulate: The film star amassed a fortune in three years. يُجَمِّع، يُكَوِّم، يُكَدِّس، يَكْتَنِز
amateur one who works or plays for pleasure, not for money: an amateur actor. هاوٍ، غير مُحْتَرف
amaze to surprise very much; fill with wonder: His knowledge amazes me. يُدْهِش، يُذهِل
amazement great surprise or wonder. دَهْشَة، تَعَجُّب، ذُهول
ambassador a very high official acting for his government in a foreign country. سفير
amber (1) 1. hard yellow or yellowish-brown gum used for jewellery and in making stems of pipes. Amber is the translucent or transparent fossil resin of pine trees. كَهْرَمَانٌ، صِمْغُ العَنْبرِ، راتينج أصْفر
2. yellow; yellowish brown. لَوْنٌ كَهْرَمانيّ: لَونٌ أصفرُ، لَوْنٌ أصفرُ مُسمَرٌّ
amber (2) yellow; yellowish brown. مُصْفَرٌّ، أصفَرُ مُسْمَرٌّ
ambidexterity 1. ability to use both hands equally well. إِمكانيَّةُ استِعمال كِلتَا اليَدَيْنِ بسهولَة مُتساوية
2. unsual skilfulness. مَهارَةٌ خارِقة
3. deceitfulness. خِداعٌ، اِحتيَالٌ
ambiguous having more than one meaning; of unclear meaning: Her answer was ambiguous: she said ‘Perhaps’. مُبْهَم، غامِض، مُلْتَبِس
ambition a strong desire for success, power, etc.: His ambition is to sail around the world. طُمُوح، مَطْمَع
ambitious having or showing ambition: He is an ambitious man. He is ambitious to succeed in politics. طَمُوح، طمّاع
ambivalence تناقض وجدانيّ، تَكافُؤ الانْجِذابِ نَحو أَمْرٍ والنُّفُور مِنْهُ
amble to walk slowly. يَسير رُوَيدًا، يَخُبّ أو يَرْهُو (الحصان)
ambrosia 1. food of the ancient Greek and Roman gods. طعامُ الآلهةِ في خرافاتِ اليونانِ والرُّومانِ
2. something especially pleasing to taste or smell. مادَّةٌ طيِّبةُ المذاقِ أو الرائِحةِ
ambulance a vehicle to take people who are sick or hurt to hospital. عَرَبة إسعاف
ambush to wait in hiding and attack people as they pass. يكمُن لِـ، يترَبّص بِـ
ameliorate improve; make better; become better. يُحسِّن، يُصلِح، يَتَحسَّن، يَصلُح
amelioration improvement. تَحسُّنٌ، إصلاحٌ، تَحْسينٌ
amen word used at the end of a prayer, meaning "let it be so". آمِين
amend 1. to improve; make a change in (sth. written, esp. laws, rules). يُصحِّح، يُعَدِّل، يُصلِح
2. make amends: to show that one is sorry, by doing sth. helpful: I must make amends for the harm I have done. يُكَفِّر (عن)، يعوِّض، يُقَدم تَرْضِية
amendment improvement, esp. by correcting a fault or weakness: an amendment to a sentence (that makes the meaning clearer, etc.); amendment of behaviour; several amendments to the club rules. تَعدِيل، تَحسِين
amenity sth. to make life pleasant: Our town’s amenities include a swimming pool and a cinema. وَسِيلَة الرّاحَة أو المُتْعَة، مَرْفِق مِنْ مَرَافِق الحَيَاة
America 1. the United States of North America. الولاياتُ المُتَّحدةُ الأميركيّةُ
2. North America. أميركا الشَّماليّة
3. North America and South America. أميركا الشماليَّة وأميركا الجنوبيّة
4. South America. أميركا الجنوبيَّة
American 1. of or belonging to America. أَمْريكيّ
2. a person from North, Central or South America, esp. the United States of America. شَخْص أَمْرِيكيّ
amethyst (1) 1. purple or violet quartz used for jewellery. جَمَسْت، جَمَشْت: مَرو أُرجوانيّ أو بَنَفْسَجيّ اللون يُستعمل في الحلي
2. violet-coloured corundum, used for jewellery. يَاقوت بَنَفسجيّ يُستعمل في الحلي
3. purple; violet. أرجُوان، بَنَفْسَج
amethyst (2) purple; violet. أُرجواني، بَنَفْسَجِيّ
amiable friendly; good tempered. لَطيف المَعْشَر، حُلْوُ الشَّمَائِل، وَدُود
amid in the middle of; among. وَسْطَ، بَيْنَ، في ما بَيْن
aminoacids complex organic compounds of nitrogen that combine in various ways to form proteins. (كيمياء) حَوامِض أَمينيَّة: مُركّبات عُضْويّةٌ من النِّيتروجين تَتَّحِدُ بِطُرقٍ مُخْتلِفَةٍ لِتُكَوِّنَ البُروتيناتِ
amiss wrong; out of order: What went amiss with your plans? There’s something amiss with this telephone. خَطَأ، خَاطِئ
ammonia 1. a strongsmelling, colourless gas, consisting of nitrogen and hydrogen: Formula: NH3. (كيمياء) أَمونيا: نُشَادر: غازٌ عديمُ اللَّون ذو رائِحة قَويّة مُنعِشة يتركَّبُ من النيتروجين والهيدروجين
2. this gas dissolved in water. Ammonia is very useful for cleaning and for many other purposes: Formula: NH4OH. مَحلولُ غَازِ النُّشادِر في الماءِ
ammoniac (1) of or like ammonia. (كيمياء) نُشَادريّ، شَبِيهٌ بالنُّشادِر
ammoniac (2) gum resin used for medicines and as a cement for porcelain; gum ammoniac. صَمغُ النُّشادِر الطِبِّيّ
ammunition powder and shot for guns. عَتَاد حَرْبِيّ، ذَخِيرة حَرْبِيّة
amnesia loss of memory caused by injury to the brain, or by disease or shock. (طب) فِقْدانُ الذاكرةِ، نِسْيانٌ
amnesty an act of setting free and forgiving a group of (usu. political) prisoners. عَفْو عَام
amoeba amoeba BrE, ameba AmE, the simplest kind of animal life, found in water. الأَميبَا
among(st) in the middle of; mixed with; surrounded by: I found this letter among my books. There is a secret enemy amongst us. وَسْطَ، بَيْن، في مَجْمُوعَة
amorous showing (esp. sexual) love; (of a person) always quick to show love: an amorous look; an amorous youth. عَاشِق، عَشّاقٌ، وَلِهٌ
amorphous 1. having no definite form; shapeless; formless; not organized. لاشَكْليّ
2. not consisting of crystals: Glass is amorphous; sugar is crystalline. غير مُتَبَلْوِر
3. of no particular kind or type. غير مُحَدَّدِ الشَّكْل أو النَّوع
amount (1) to add up: These bills amount to over $10. يَبْلُغ، يُساوي
amount (2) sum; quantity: It cost $25, and I paid the full amount. I bought a large amount of food. كَميَّة، مَبْلَغ
amperage strength of an electric current measured in amperes. (كهرباء) أَمْبيريَّةٌ: شِدّةُ التَّيَّارِ الكهربائيِّ مُقاسَةٌ بالأَمبير
ampere unit for measuring the strength of an electric current. It is the amount of current that one volt can send through a resistance of one ohm. (كهرباء) أَمْبير: الوَحدة العَمليَّة لقياس شدّة التيّار الكَهربائيّ
amphibious able to live or move both on land and in water: Frogs are amphibious. Some modern fighting vehicles are amphibious. بَرْمَائِيّ
ample enough or more than is necessary: There is an ample supply of food. We have ample time to catch the train. كَثِير، وَافٍ، وَافِر
amplifier a device for increasing sound, esp. in a radio, record player, etc. مُكبِّر الصَّوْت
amplify to make stronger, louder or clearer: A loudspeaker amplifies sound. This explanation needs amplifying. يُفَصِّل، يُسْهِب، يكبِّر، يُضَخِّم
amputate to cut off (an arm, foot, finger, etc.) for medical reasons. يَبْتُر
amuck 1. in a murderous frenzy; with a crazy desire to attack. بِهياجٍ جُنونيّ، بِرَغْبَةٍ جُنونِيَّة في الاعتِداء
2. run amuck. يَهجُم بِجُنونٍ (يضربُ يمينًا وشمالًا)
amulet something worn as a magic charm against evil or harm. تَعْوِيذَةٌ، تَمِيمَةٌ
amuse 1. to keep sb. happy: He amused himself (by) playing with the dog. يُسَلّي، يُفَكِّه
2. to make sb. laugh: The story amused me. يُضْحِك
amusement 1. being amused: He did it for my amusement. لَهْو، تَسْلِيَة، مُتْعَة
2. sth. that causes time to pass in an enjoyable way: In the town there were cinemas, theatres, and other amusements. شَيْء مُسَلٍّ، وَسيلَة تَسْلِيَة
anaconda 1. very large snake of tropical forests that crushes its prey in its coils; water boa (Eunectes murinus): Anacondas are the longest snakes in America. أَناكُندة: أفعًى ضخمة تَعيشُ في الغابات الإستوائية، تسحق فريستها بالالتفاف عليها
2. any similar snake, such as the python, or boa. أيُّ أفعًى تشبهُ الأناكندة مثل الأَصَلَةِ والبُوا
3. python of Ceylan. أصَلَةٌ في جزيرة سيلان
anaemia deficiency of the blood; insufficiency of red corpuscles or haemoglobin in the blood. (طب) أَنيميا، فَقْرُ الدَّمِ: نقصٌ في كُريَّاتِ الدَّمِ الحمراء
anaesthetic anaesthetic BrE, anesthetic AmE, liquid or gas that makes sb. unable to feel pain: I had an anaesthetic when my tooth was pulled out. مُخَدِّر، بَنْج
anaesthetist anaesthetist BrE, anesthetist AmE, a doctor who gives anaesthetics. خَبير تَخْدير
anaesthetize anaesthetize BrE, anesthetize AmE, to apply an anaesthetic to (a person, or part of the body) يُخَدِّر
anagram word or phrase formed from another by transposing the letters: Examples: lived/devil; ant/tan; lead/deal. تَحْريف، جِناس تصحيفيّ: تَبْديلُ مَواقعِ الأَحرفِ في كَلِمَة بحيثُ تُصبحُ كلمةً أُخرى
analogy (a degree of) likeness or agreement (to or with sth.); a comparison between two things. شَبَه، تَمَاثُل، قِيَاس، مُضَاهَاة
analyse analyse BrE, analyze AmE, to study the parts or causes of (chemical matter, a sentence, a difficulty, etc.) in order to understand it fully. يُحَلِّل، يُمَحِّص
analysis analysing. تَحْليل، تمْحيص
anarchist one who favours anarchy. فَوْضَويّ
anarchy absence of government or control; complete disorder. فَوْضَوِيَّة، اِنْعِدَام الدَّوْلَة
anathema 1. solemn curse by church authorities excommunicating some person from the church. حِرْمٌ كَنَسيٌّ
2. denouncing and condemning some person or thing as evil; curse. تَشْهيرٌ، لَعْنَةٌ
3. person or thing accursed. مَلْعُونٌ
4. thing that is detested and condemned. شَيءٌ مَقِيتٌ أو بَغِيضٌ
anatomy the study of animal bodies by separation into parts. عِلْم التَّشْريح
ancestor a person from whom sb. is descended. السَّلَف، الجَدّ الأَوَّل
anchor (1) a heavy device with hooks that is lowered to the bottom of the sea to stop a ship from moving. مَرْسَاة
anchor (2) to lower an anchor. يَرْسُو، يُلقِي المرساة
anchorage a safe place to anchor ships. مَرْسًى
ancient very old; belonging to past ages: an ancient castle; Ancient Greece produced some very deep thinkers. قدِيم، عَتِيق
ancillary 1. subordinate; dependent. تابِعٌ، ثانَوِيٌّ، غَيْرُ رئيسيٍّ
2. assisting; auxiliary. مُساعِدٌ، إِضَافيٌّ
and (used for joining two words or groups of words): Boys and girls ate and drank at the party. وَ (= وَاو العَطْف)
androgynous having flowers with stamens and flowers with pistils in the same cluster. (نبات) خُنْثَويّ: يَحْمِل أزهارًا ذكريّة وأنثويّة معًا
anecdote short account of some interesting incident or event: Many anecdotes are told about Nelson. حِكايَةٌ، أُقصوصةٌ، نادِرَةٌ
anecdote a short usu. amusing story. حِكَايَة، نَادِرَة
anemone 1. plant of the Ranunculaceae family with slender stems and white flowers that blossoms early in the spring. (نبات) أنيمون، شُقَّارٌ: جنسُ زهر من الحَوْذانيّاتِ
2. sea anemone, a flowerlike polyp. (أحياء) حَيوانٌ بَحْريٌّ بِهَيئةِ الزَّهرِ
anew 1. again; once more. من جَديدٍ، ثانِيَة، مَرَّةً أُخرى
2. in a new way. بِطريقَةٍ جَديدَةٍ
angel 1. a messenger from God. مَلَك، مَلاك
2. a pure and gentle person. طَاهِر، بَرِيء (كَالمَلاك)
3. guardian angel. مَلاكٌ حارِس
anger (1) the feeling that makes people want to quarrel, fight, or do harm. غَضَب، غَيْظ
anger (2) to make (sb.) angry. يُثير الغَضَب
angina 1. inflammation of the throat, such as quinsy, croup, or mumps. (طبّ) خُناقٌ: اِلتهابُ الحَلْقِ والبُلعومِ، من أَعراضِهِ نَوبات انقباضٍ خانقةٌ كما يحدثُ في مرضِ الخناقِ والتهابِ الغُدَّةِ النكفيَّةِ
2. angina pectoris. ذُبْحَةٌ صَدْرِيَّةٌ
angle 1. a corner; a space between two lines that meet. زَاوِية
2. a point of view; an opinion: Your idea gives us a new angle on this difficult question. وِجهَة نَظَر، رأي
3. acute angle. زاوية حادّة
4. obtuse angle. زاوية مُنفرجة
5. right angle. زاوية قائمة
Anglo English. بَادِئَة بمَعْنَى «إنْجلِيزِيّ»
Anglo-Saxon (1) 1. one of the Germanic inhabitants of England before the Norman Conquest in 1066. The Anglo-Saxons included the Angles, Saxons, and Jutes. أنجلو سكسونيّ، إنجليزي سكسونيّ: جرمانيّ من سكان إنجلترا قبل الفَتح النورمانديّ سنة 1066
2. their language. لُغَة الأنجلوسكسون قبل الفتح النورمانديّ
3. person of English descent. شَخْصٌ من أَصل إنجليزي
Anglo-Saxon (2) pertaining to the English people. مُخْتَصٌّ بالشَّعْب الإنجليزي
anglophone شَعْب (أَو بَلَد) ناطِق بالإنجليزيّة
Angolan 1. of or belonging to Angola. أنْجُولِيّ
2. a person from Angola. شَخْص أَنْجُولِيّ
angry full of anger: He was angry about/at being laughed at. Tom is angry with you. غَاضِب، غَضْبَان، سَاخِط
angstrom one tenmillionth of a millimetre: The wave-length of light is measured in angstroms. Symbol: λ. (طبيعيات) وَحْدَةُ أنجستروم: تُستعمل لقياس التموُّجات الإشعاعيّةِ مِقْدارُها واحد من مئة مليون من السنتيمتر
anguish very great pain or grief. أَلَم شَدِيدٌ، عَذاب مُبَرِّح، غُصَّةٌ
animal 1. a living thing (including birds, fish, insects, etc.) that is not a plant. حَيَوَان، دَابَّة
2. a creature with four legs. بَهِيمَة، مِنْ ذَوَات الأَرْبَع
animate (1) 1. give life to; make alive. يُحْيي، يَبْعَث الروحَ في
2. make lively, gay, or vigorous. يُنْعِش، يُنَشِّط
3. inspire; encourage: The soldiers were animated by their captain’s brave speech. يُشَجِّع، يُجرِّئ
4. put into action; cause to act or work: Windmills are animated by the wind. يُحَرِّك، يُسَيِّر، يُشَغِّل
animate (2) 1. living; alive: All plants and animals are animate. حَيٌّ، عائِشٌ
2. lively; gay; vigorous. مُمتلئٌ حيويَّة، نشيطٌ، مَرِحٌ، بَهِجٌ
animated 1. living; alive. حَيٌّ، عَائِش
2. lively; gay; vigorous. مُمتَلِئٌ حَيويَّةٌ، نَشيطٌ، مَرِحٌ، بَهِجٌ
animated cartoon series of drawings arranged to be photographed and shown like a motion picture. Each drawing shows a slight change from the one before it. صُوَرٌ كاريكاتُوريَّةٌ مُتَحرِّكةٌ
animosity violent hatred; ill will; active dislike or enmity. حِقْدٌ، كَراهيَةٌ، عِداءٌ، بُغْضٌ
anise 1. plant of the Umbelliferae family, grown, for its fragrant seeds. (نبات) أنيسون (يانسون): نبات حَوْليّ من فصيلةِ الخيميّات
2. the seed, used as medicine or flavouring. حبُّ اليانسون، يُستعمل في الطبِّ وفي الطعام لنكهتِهِ الخاصّةِ
3. shrub of the Winteraceae family. جَنْبَةٌ مِنَ الفَصيلةِ الشتويّةِ
aniseed a kind of seed used for its taste in food or drink. بِزْرَ الأَنِيسُون (أو اليَانْسُون)
ankle the joint between the leg and the foot. كَاحِل، كرْسُوع القَدَم
ankylosis 1. a growing together of bones as a result of disease or injury. (طب) قَسَط، تَلاحُمُ العِظام
2. stiffness of a joint caused by this. جُسأة، تيبُّسُ المَفاصِل بِسَبَبِ تلَاحُمِ العِظامِ
annihilate to destroy completely. يُبِيد، يُفنِي، يَمْحَق
anniversary the yearly return of the date of an event: Next Friday is the anniversary of the day we met. ذِكْرَى سَنَويّة، عِيد سَنَوِيّ
annotate 1. provide with explanatory notes or comments: Shakespeare’s plays are often annotated to make them easier to understand. يَشْرَح، يُفَسِّر، يُحشّي
2. make explanatory notes or comments. يُعَقِّب عَلى، يُعَلِّق على
3. include explanations or descriptions of portions of programs; add information or data to clarify relations, significance or priorities. (كومبيوتر) يُعَلِّق، يَشْرَح، يُحَشّي: يُضَمِّن شُروح أو أوصاف أقسام البرامج، أو يُضيف معلومات أو بَيانات لتوضيح العلاقات أو الأهميّة أو الأفضليَّات
annotation 1. act of providing with notes; being provided with notes: That book’s annotation required hundreds of hours. شَرْحٌ، تَفْسِيرٌ، تَحْشيَةٌ
2. note added to explain or criticize: The editor’s annotations were printed in small type. تَعليقٌ، حاشِيَةٌ
announce to make known publicly: He announced his intention to build a cinema. يُعْلِن، يُؤذِّن، يُذِيع
announcement a public statement. إِعْلان، إِعْلام
announcer one who reads news (or presents performers) on the radio or television. مُذِيع
annoyance 1. the state of being annoyed. إزْعاج، مُضَايَقَة، امْتِعَاض
2. sth. which annoys. شَيء مُزْعِج
annoy to cause (sb. or sth.) trouble; make (sb.) slightly angry: Strong sunlight can annoy the eyes. I’m annoyed with him. He’s an annoying little boy. يُزْعج، يُغِيظ، يُكَدّر
annual happening every year; of a year: an annual feast; the annual production of oil. سَنَوِيّ، في العَام
annuity 1. sum of money paid every year. مَعاشٌ أو مُرَتَّبٌ سنويٌّ
2. right to receive such a yearly sum. حَقُّ الحُصولِ على مُرَتَّبٍ سَنويٍّ
3. investment that gives a fixed annual sum during one’s lifetime. أَموالٌ مُسْتثمَرةٌ تُعطي دَخلًا سنويًّا مَدى الحياةِ
annul annulled, annulling. abolish; do away with; destroy the force of; cancel: The judge annulled the contract because one of the signatories was too young. يُلغي، يُبْطِل، يَفسَخ، يَنقُض
annunciate announce. يُعْلِن، يُذيع، يُبَشِّر
anode positive electrode: The carbon of a dry cell and the plate of a wireless valve are anodes. (كهرباء) أنود: مِصْعَد، قُطبٌ مُوجَبٌ
anoint 1. put oil on; rub with ointment; smear. يَمْسَح (بالزيت)، يَدْهُن، يَطلي
2. put oil on in a ceremony as a sign of consecration to office; make sacred with oil: The archbishop anointed the new king. يَمسَح بِزَيْتٍ مُقدَّسٍ
anonymous nameless; not signed: an anonymous letter. مُغْفَل، مَجهول الاسْم
another 1. one (or a given number) more: I need another two pounds. I’ve got one and I want another. آخَر
2. a different one: We’ll go there another time. If this hat does not fit, try another. غَيْر، آخَر
3. one another each other: We should help one another. بعضُهم بعضًا
answer (1) 1. to speak or write in return: Answer me (my question, my letter). Why don’t you answer when I call? يُجِيب، يَرُدّ (على)
2. answer back to answer rudely (when one is corrected): If your teacher says ‘be quiet’, you should not answer (him) back. يَرُدّ بِوَقَاحَة
3. answer the telephone (the door, the bell) to go (to it) and see what is wanted. يَرُدّ (على)
answer (2) the result of a sum. حَلّ، جَوَاب
answering machine آلَة تُسجِّل الطَّلبات التليفونيّة لك عِنْدَ غِيابك
ant a kind of small insect that lives in groups. نَمْل، نَمْلَة
ant-hill a heap of earth built as a nest by ants. عُشّ أو قَرْيَة النَّمْل
antagonist sb. that one struggles against, esp. in a fight. خَصْم، مُنَافِس، مُنَاهِض
antagonize to make (sb.) one’s enemy. يُعَادِي، يُخَاصِم
antarctic (of) the icy southern end of the earth: the Antarctic; the Antarctic Ocean. المِنْطَقَة القُطْبيّة الجَنُوبِيّة، مُتَعَلِّق بالقُطْب الجَنُوبِيّ
antecedent (1) preceding; previous; coming or happening before. سابِقٌ، مُتَقَدِّمٌ، سَالِفٌ
antecedent (2) 1. word, phrase, or clause referred to by a pronoun: In "The dog that killed the rat is brown" dog is the antecedent of that. (لغة) صلة الموصول
2. first term of a mathematical ratio. (رياضيات) أَوَّلُ حَدٍّ في النِّسْبَةِ
antecedents past life or history: No one knew the antecedents of the mysterious stranger. سوابقُ، حوادِث الماضي، ماضي المرء
antelope an animal like a deer. ظَبْي، غَزَال
antenna 1. one of the two hair-like feelers on the top of an insect’s head. مِجَسّ، مِلْمَس (في رَأْس الحَشَرَة)
2. a wire for sending or receiving radio waves. عَمُود الهَوَائِي (للرّادْيُو)
anteroom room leading to another room; waiting room. غُرْفَةٌ تُفْضِي إلى غُرَفٍ أُخرى، غُرفةُ الانتظار
anthem 1. (often national anthem) the official song of a country, played for public ceremonies. نَشيد، النَّشِيد القَوْمي أو الوَطَني
2. a song of praise sung in churches. نَشِيد دِينيّ، تَرْنِيمَة
anthology a collection of writings, esp. poems, chosen from different books or writers: an anthology of love poems. مَجْمُوعة مُخْتارَات أَدَبِيّة
anthracite hard coal; coal that burns with very little smoke and flame. (كيمياء) أنثراسيت: نَوْعٌ مِنَ الفَحْمِ يَحْتَرِق دُونَ دُخانٍ
anthropologist one who studies anthropology. مُخْتصّ بِعِلْم الإنْسَان
anthropology the scientific study of man, his way of life, religions, races, etc. عِلْم الإنْسَان
anti- against; the opposite of: An anti-freeze mixture is for a car engine in winter. بَادِئَة بِمَعْنَى: ضِدّ أو مُضَادّ
anti-aircraft (of guns) used against aircraft. مُضَادّ للطَّائِرَات
anti-clockwise مُضادّ لاتّجاه عقارب الساعة
anti-Semitism dislike or hatred for Jews; prejudice against Jews. اللَّاساميَّةُ، كَراهِيَةُ اليَهُودِ
antibiotic (material such as penicillin) able to destroy harmful things in our bodies. مُضَادّ حَيَوي، مُضَادّ للجَرَاثيم
antibody substance that destroys or weakens bacteria, or neutralizes poisons. (طب) جِسْمٌ مُضادٌّ: مادَّةٌ في الدم تُبيدُ البَكتيريا وتَقِي من السُّموم
anticipate 1. to expect: The police don’t anticipate any trouble from the crowd. يَتَوَقَّع
2. to do something before the right time or before sb. else does it: I was going to invite you to dinner, but our freind has anticipated me. يُبادِر ويَسْبِق
3. to see what is going to happen and do what is necessary: Anticipating the big rise in the price of cars, he decided to buy one at once. يَحْتَاط، يحتَسِب مُقَدَّمًا
anticipation anticipating; expectation: In anticipation of a cold winter, we ordered a large supply of coal. تَوَقُّع، حَدْس، تَطَلُّع، احْتِيَاط
anticlericalism opposition to the influence of the church and clergy in public affairs. مُعارضَةُ نُفوذِ الكَنيسةِ والإِكْليروسِ في الشؤُونِ العامَّةِ
anticlimax sth. quiet or dull that is a sudden change from sth. exciting. التَّدَلّي (في الأَدَب)
antics peculiar or playful movements or behaviour. حَرَكَات مُضْحِكَة
anticyclone winds moving around and away from a centre of high pressure, which also moves. إِعْصَارٌ مُضَادٌّ أو عَكْسيّ
antidote medicine used against a poison. تِرْيَاق، دَوَاء مُضَادٌّ للسُّمُوم
antipathy strong or fixed dislike; feeling against. كُرْهٌ، نُفورٌ طَبِيعيٌّ، بُغْضٌ
antipode anything exactly opposite; direct opposite. نَقيضٌ، شَيءٌ مُعَاكِسٌ لآخَر أو مقابِلٌ لَهُ
antipodes (1) 1. two places on opposite sides of the earth: The North Pole and the South Pole are antipodes. مَكانانِ مُتَقَابِلان من الكُرة الأرضيَّة
2. two opposites or contraries. شيئان مُتقابلانِ أو مُتضَادَّانِ، نَقيضَان
antipodes (2) 1. place on the opposite side of the earth. مَكانٌ في الجهةِ المُقابِلة من الأرض
2. direct opposite. نَقِيضٌ، مُقابِلٌ
antiquarian one who studies or collects old objects. مُختَصّ بالآثار القديمة
antique (an object, esp. furniture) made long ago and therefore valuable: This is an antique clock. قَديم، عَتِيق، أثَريّ
antiquity 1. the distant past: Some customs had their beginning in antiquity. المَاضي البَعيد
2. (pl.) very ancient things (ruins, stone figures, etc.): We spent our holiday visiting the antiquities of Upper Egypt. آثار قَدِيمة، عَاديَّات
antiseptic (a substance for) preventing disease, esp. in wounds. مُعَقِّر، مُطَهِّر
antithesis 1. contrast of ideas: Example: "To err is human; to forgive, divine." تَبايُنُ الأَفكارِ، تضادُّ الكلام، طِباق
2. opposition; contrast. مُضادَّةٌ، تَضادٌّ، تَناقُضٌ
3. direct opposite: Hate is the antithesis of love. ضِدٌّ، نَقيضٌ
antonym word that means the opposite of another word: Sharp, keen, and acute are antonyms of dull. نقيض، ضِدّ: كلمة تَحْمِلُ المَعنى المُضادّ لكلمة أخرى
anus the opening through which solid waste matter leaves the body. الشَّرْج
anvil a block of iron on which hot metal is hammered into shape. سَنْدَان
anxiety a feeling of fear and uncertainty about what may happen. قَلَق، هَمّ
anxious 1. troubled in mind about what may happen: We’re anxious about the examinations tomorrow. مَهْمُوم، مَشْغُول البَال، قَلِق
2. wishing strongly: I’m anxious to meet your sister. مُتَشَوِّق، مُتَلَهِّف
any (1) in questions; after if, whether: Have you any money? Have you any books on art? I wonder if/whether she has any milk/any bottles of beer?; after not and without: I haven’t got any money/books. He did it without any difficulty; after never: We never eat any meat/potatoes; after hardly: John has hardly any friends. ‘‘Have you got any money?’’ ‘‘Hardly any.’’; after verbs like stop, prevent: We must prevent any damage/interruptions. أيّ، بَعْض، شَيْءٌ مِن، قلِيل مِنْ
any (2) (with comparative words) at all; in any way: Do you feel any better? He’s too old to go any faster. بأيّ شَكْل، بأيّ حال، إلى أي حَدّ، بِحَالٍ مِن الأَحْوَال
anybody also anyone (used in questions, etc. like any (1)) 1. any person: I can’t see anybody. أَيّ شَخص
2. every person: Anybody could do that. أَيّ شَخْص، كُلّ شَخْص
anyhow 1. also anyway in any case: I don’t really need this; anyhow, it costs too much. عَلَى أَيّ حَال، مَهْما يكن الأَمر
2. in any way; by any means: I tried each door but couldn’t get in anyhow. بأَيّةِ وَسِيلَة، بِأَيّة طَرِيقَة
anyone anybody. أَيّ إِنْسَان
anything a thing of any kind: Will you have anything to eat? أيّ شَيء، شَيء مَا
anyway in any case: I may be late, anyway, don’t wait for me. عَلَى أيّ حَال، مَهْمَا يكن
anywhere 1. in or to any place: Are you going anywhere? (في) أو (إلى) أَيّ مَكَان
2. in no matter what place: Put it down anywhere. حَيْثُما كَان، أَيْنَما كان، فِي أَيّ مَكَان
aorta the main artery that carries the blood from the left side of the heart to all parts of the body except the lungs. (طب) الشِّرْيانُ الأَوُرْطيّ، الأَبْهَرُ، الوَتِين
apart 1. separate, one from the other: These pillars are six feet apart. Fierce dogs should be kept apart. مُنْفَصِلًا، بَعيدًا
2. take apart: Take this clock apart and clean it. يُفَكِّكَ (الآلة) إلى أَجْزَاء
3. apart from besides; except: Apart from that, he had little to say. مَا عَدَا، فَضْلًا عَن
apartheid التمييزُ العُنْصُريّ (في جنوب أفريقيا)
apartment 1. AmE, a flat. شُقَّة
2. BrE, a large and expensive flat. شُقَّة فَاخِرَة
apathetic showing apathy: He was a bad student, apathetic and lazy. لامُبَالٍ، عَديم الاكْتِرَاث، فَاتِرُ الشُّعُور
apathy lack of interest; lack of desire or ability to act. لَامُبالَاة، قِلّةُ اكْترَاث
ape a large monkey with no tail, such as the gorilla, etc. قِرْد كَبِير
aperitif alcoholic drink taken before meal. مَشْروبٌ رُوحيٌّ مُحَرِّكٌ للشَّهيَّةِ
aperture a small opening, esp. one that lets in light (in photography) فُتْحَة، كُوَّة، ثُغرَة
apex the highest point. ذُرْوَة، قِمَّة، رَأس
apiary place where bees are kept; group of beehives. مَنْحَلة، مجموعةٌ من خلايا النَّحْلِ
apiculture the raising and caring for bees; beekeeping. نِحالةٌ: تَرْبِيَةُ النَّحْلِ
apiece to or for each one: I paid them 50 pence apiece for carrying the goods. Pencils cost 8 pence apiece. لِلْوَاحد، لِكُلٍّ مِنْ
apocalypse revelation. إلهام، وحيٌ، رؤيا
apogee 1. point most distant from the earth in the orbit of a planet or comet. (فلك) أوجٌ: أقصى نقطة أو حدّ في بُعْدِ سيّارٍ أو مُذنّبٍ عن الأرضِ
2. furthermost point; highest point. أوجٌ، قِمَّةٌ، ذُروَة
apologetic saying or showing that one is sorry: She was apologetic about her lateness. She gave an apologetic smile. مُقِرٌّ بِالخَطَأ، اعتِذَارِيّ، تَبْرِيرِيّ
apologize to say that one is sorry for a fault: He apologized to me for his mistake. يَعْتَذِر، يَطْلُب العَفْوَ، يَسْتَمِيحُ... عُذْرًا
apology a statement saying that one is sorry. عُذْر، اعْتِذَار
apoplexy sudden loss of the power to feel or think or move. Apoplexy is caused by injury to the brain when a blood vessel breaks or the blood supply becomes obstructed. An attack of apoplexy is often called a stroke. (طب) سَكْتَةٌ دماغيّةٌ، نُقْطةٌ، ضَرْبَةُ دمٍ، هَمْدَةٌ تُعطِّلُ الأعضاءَ عن الحِسِّ والحَرَكَة
apostasy complete forsaking of one’s religion, faith, principles, or political party. كفرانٌ، رِدّةُ، إنكار دين أو مبدأ أو حزب، مُروق
apostle, Apostle 1. one of the twelve disciples chosen by Christ to go forth and preach the gospel to all the world. رَسُولٌ، حَواريّ
2. any early Christian leader or missionary: Paul was frequently called the ‘‘Apostle to the Gentiles.’’ مُرْسَلٌ
3. first Christian missionary to any country or region. مُبَشِّرٌ
5. leader of any reform movement or belief. قائد حركةٍ إصلاحية أو دينية
4. one of the council of twelve officials of the Mormon Church who help to administer the affairs of the church. عُضوٌ في مجلس اثني عشري يدير شؤون الكنيسة المورمونية
apostrophe the sign (’) as in boy’s, can’t. الفَاصلَة العُلْيَا (باللغة الإنجليزية)
apotheosis 1. the raising of a human being to the rank of a god; making a god; deification: The apotheosis of the emperor became a Roman custom. تَأْلِيهٌ، تألُّهٌ
2. glorification; exaltation. تَعْظيمٌ، تَبْجيلٌ، تَمْجيدٌ
3. glorified ideal. مَثَلٌ أَعْلَى
appal (1) appal AmE usu. appall -ll- to shock deeply: We were appalled by the news of all the deaths in the explosion. يُرَوِّع، يُرْعِب، يَهُول
appal (2) dismay; terrify; fill with horror: We were appalled at the disaster. appalled, appalling. يرعِب، يُخوِّف، يهول
apparatus (a piece of) special equipment: I have my own apparatus for printing photographs. عُدَّة، جِهَاز، أَدَوَات
apparent 1. easy to see: Her pleasure was apparent. ظَاهِر، مَرْئِيّ، مُبَيَّن
2. appearing to be true: The apparent improvement in his homework was really the result of his brother’s help. ظَاهِرِيّ
apparently it seems (from what people say): I thought she was 15, but apparently she is older. عَلَى مَا يَبْدُو، حَسَب الظَّاهِر
apparition 1. ghost; phantom: The apparition, clothed in white, glided through the wall. شبحٌ، طيفٌ، خيالٌ
2. appearance of something strange or unexpected. رؤية غريبةٌ غير متوقّعةٍ
3. appearance; act of appearing. ظهورٌ، مظهرٌ
appeal 1. to ask anxiously for; beg: The lost child appealed (to us) for help. يُنَاشِد، يَلْتَمِس، يَسْتَنْجِدُ
2. to ask sb. higher in rank (esp. a court) to change a decision: The prisoner appealed to the high court. يَسْتَأْنِف الحُكْم
3. to be pleasing: Such music appeals to me. يُعْجِب، يَرُوقُ لِـ، يَسْتَهْوِي
Appeal Court مَحكمة اسْتِئناف
appear 1. to come into sight: A figure appeared in the distance. يَظْهَر، يَلُوح
2. to present oneself; be seen publicly: I have to appear in court today. يَظهَر، يَحضُر، يَمْثُل
3. to seem: It appears that you are right. يَبْدُو، يَتَراءَى
appearance 1. the act of appearing. ظُهُور
2. look: We must not judge men by their appearance. مَظْهَر (خَارِجيّ)، هَيْئَة (خارِجيّة)
appease to calm or satisfy (hunger, anger, etc.) by giving what is wanted. يُهَدِّئ، يُسَكِّن، يُرضِي، يُشْبِع
appendicitis inflammation of the vermiform appendix, the small saclike growth attached to the large intestine. (طب) اِلْتِهابُ الزّائِدَةِ الدُّوديَّةِ
appendicitis disease of the appendix of the body. التِهَاب الزَّائِدَة الدُّودِيَّة
appendix 1. addition at the end of a book or document . مُلْحَقٌ، ذَيْلٌ
2. outgrowth of some part of the body: The small saclike organ attached to the large intestine is the vermiform appendix. زائدةٌ، نُمُوّ زائدٌ في عضوٍ من الجسم
appendix 1. a note or explanation added to the end of a book. مُلْحَق
2. a small part inside the body, below the stomach. الزّائِدَة الدُّودِيّة
appetite desire for food. شَهِيَّة للطَّعَام، اشْتِهَاء، رَغْبَة
appetizer something that arouses the appetite or gives relish to food: Pickles and olives are appetizers. (شيءٌ) مُشَهٍّ، (شيءٌ) مُحَرِّكٌ للشهيَّةِ
appetizing exciting the appetite (by appearance, taste or smell): This looks a very appetizing meal. مُشَهٍّ، مُقَبّل
applaud to praise (sb. or sth.), by striking the hands together or shouting: The speaker was loudly applauded. يَصِيح أو يُصَفِّق اسْتِحْسَانًا
applause applauding. صِياحُ أو تَصْفيقُ استِحْسَانٍ
apple a round tree fruit, red, yellow or green in colour. تُفَّاح
apple of the eye 1. something very precious. شَيءٌ ثَمينٌ
2. pupil of the eye. إنسانُ العينِ، البُؤبؤُ
applesauce apples cut in pieces and cooked with sugar and water until soft. مُرَبّبُ التفَّاح: حلوى من قطع التفّاح مطبوخة بالسُّكَّر
appliance a piece of equipment (esp. electrical or mechanical). أَدَاة، جِهَاز
applicable which applies: These rules are not applicable to children. مُلائِم، مُنْطَبِق، مُمْكِن التَّطْبيق
applicant sb. who applies, esp. for a job. طَالِب عَمَل أو وَظِيفَة
application 1. applying; sth. applied: An application of heat may help to lessen the pain. He made application for his son to enter the school. تَطْبيق، اسْتِعْمال، طَلَب
2. continual hard work: You need application to learn a foreign language. عَمَلٌ متّصِل، مُواظَبَة، جدّ
applied science science that uses facts, laws, and theories to solve pratical problems: Applied science is used in building a bridge, designing a wireless set, testing intelligence. عِلمٌ تَطبيقيٌّ
apply 1. to ask, esp. in writing: He applied (to me) for permission. يَطْلُب، يُقَدِّم طَلَبًا
2. to put sth. on or into use (force, rules, etc.): Apply as much force as is necessary. يَسْتَعْمِل، يَستَخْدم
3. to concern; be directly related to: This rule does not apply to you. يسْري، يَنْطَبق
4. apply for (esp. a job): Fifty people have applied for the job. يُقَدِّم طَلَبًا لِـ
appoint 1. to choose for a position: He was appointed captain of the team. يُوَظِّف، يُعَيّن
2. to fix; arrange (a time or place): We must appoint a day for our next meeting. يُحَدِّد (وَقْتًا أو مَكَانًا)
appointee person appointed. مُوظّف: شخصٌ مُعَيَّنٌ لوظيفةٍ
appointment 1. an arrangment to meet sb.: I have an appointment with my doctor. مُوَاعَدَة، مَوعِد
2. the act of choosing sb. for a position: The appointment of an experienced person was necessary. تَعْيِين، تَوْظيف
3. the position for which sb. is chosen: I hope to get a government appointment. وَظِيفَة، عَمَل
apposition 1. act of putting side by side. إِضافةٌ، تجميع جنبًا لجنب
2. position side by side. تلازُمٌ، تراكُبٌ
3. a placing together in the same grammatical relation. (لغة) عَطْف بَيَان
4. relation of two words or phrases when the second is added to the first as an explanation: In "Mr. Brown, our neighbour, has a new car", Mr. Brown and neighbour are in apposition. (لغة) بَدَلٌ
appraisal an appraising; valuation; estimate. تقييمٌ (تقويمٌ)، تثمينٌ، تَقديرُ القيمةِ
appraise 1. set a price on; fix the value of: Property is appraised for taxation. يُثَمِّن، يُسَعِّر
2. estimate the value, amount, quality, etc. يُخَمِّن، يُقَدِّر الثَمنَ أو القيمة
appreciate 1. to value: We appreciate your help. يَعْرف قَدْر (الشيء)، يُدْرِك قِيمَة (الشَّيْء)
2. to understand: I appreciate your point of view. يَتَفَهّم، يُدْرِك
appreciation 1. judgement; act of appreciating; understanding. إِكْبَار، عِرْفَان القَدْر؛ تَفَهُّم، إِدْرَاك
2. a written account of the worth of sth. نَقْد (كِتابيّ)، دِرَاسَة نَقْدِيّة (كتَابيّة)
apprehend 1. seize; arrest: The thief was apprehended and put in jail. يَقبِض على، يَعْتَقِل
2. understand; grasp with the mind. يُدْرِك، يَسْتَوعِب، يَفهَم
3. fear; dread: A guilty man apprehends danger in every sound. يَخشى، يُوجِس
apprehension 1. a seizing; a being seized; arrest. اِعتقال، قَبضٌ (على)، توقيف
2. understanding; grasp by the mind. إدراكٌ، استيعابٌ، فَهْمٌ
3. fear; dread. تَوجُّسٌ، خَشيَة، تَخَوُّف
apprehensive anxious; fearful of what will happen. مُتَخَوّف، مُشْفِق، وَجِل، مُتَوَجّس خِيفَةً
apprentice sb. learning a trade from a master, by special agreement, and earning very little money: an apprentice electrician. تِلْميذ صَنْعَة، مُتَدَرّب عَلى صَنْعَة، (أَجِير)
apprenticeship the position or time of being an apprentice. تَلْمَذة أو مُدَّة التَّدَرُّب على الصَّنْعَة
approach (1) to come near (in time or place): As we approached the school, the noise grew louder. Winter was approaching. يَدنُو، يَقْتَرِب (من)، يُقْبِل
approach (2) 1. the act of coming near: We made a silent approach. دُنُوّ، اقْتِرَاب
2. a way (to a place, of doing sth.): Every approach to the town was guarded. This problem requires a different approach. مَدْخَل، طَريقَة
approbation 1. approval; favourable opinion. اِستصوابٌ، اِستحسانٌ، تأييد، موافقة
2. sanction. مُصادقة (على)، إقرار
appropriate suitable; proper for a special purpose or person: My employer always wears a suit in the office because he thinks it appropriate. مُناسِب، مُلائِم
appropriation 1. an appropriating. اِستملاك، اِتِّخاذ، اِستيلاءٌ (وضع اليد)
2. a being appropriated. تَخْصِيصٌ، تَخْصيصُ اعْتِمادٍ (في الميزانيّة)
3. sum of money or other thing appropriated: The school received an appropriation of $50 for a new playground [American]. مالٌ مُخَصَّصٌ لغرضٍ ما
approval the act of approving. مُوَافَقَة، اسْتِحْسَان، تَصْديق
approve to agree; consider as satisfactory: We don’t approve of your behaviour. If you approve, I’ll invite him to dinner. Our plans were approved by the meeting. يُوَافِق (على)، يَسْتَحْسِن، يَسْتَصوِب
approximate very near; perhaps a little more or less: The approximate number of children here is 400. تَقْرِيبِيّ
approximately nearly, but not exactly: The box weighed approximately 10 kilos. تَقْرِيبًا، نَحْوَ
apricot an orange-red fruit with a large hard seed. مِشْمِش
April the fourth month of the year. إبريل، نيسان
April Fools’ Day April 1; All Fools’ Day. It is observed by fooling people with jokes and tricks. أَوَّلُ نيسان (يوم كذبة نيسان)
apron a garment worn in front of the body to keep the clothes clean. مِئْزَر، وَزْرَة، مَرْيَلَة
apt 1. very suitable. مُنَاسِب، وَافٍ بِالغَرَض
2. quick to learn. فَطِن، سَريع التعَلُّم
3. apt to (showing what usu. happens) likely to: He’s apt to forget what I tell him. عُرضة لِـ، حَقيق بِـ ، خَليق بِـ
aptitude natural ability or skill: He has an aptitude for languages. اِسْتِعْداد، قابِلِيّة، مقْدِرَة طبيعيّة
aqualung equipment for breathing under water when swimming. جِهاز للتَّنفُّس تَحْتَ الماء
aquamarine (1) 1. transparent bluish-green precious stone that is a variety of beryl. زَبَرْجَد، زُمُرُّد: حجرٌ ثمينٌ شَفَّافٌ أخضر أو أخضر مائل إلى الزُّرْقَة
2. bluish-green. خُضْرَةٌ ضارِبَةٌ إلى الزُّرقَةِ
aquamarine (2) bluish-green. أخضرُ ضَاربٌ إلى الزُّرْقَةِ، زَبَرْجَديٌّ
aquarium a place for keeping fish and water-plants. حَوْض لِحفْظ الأَسْماك والنَّباتات المائِيّة
aquatic 1. (of plants or animals) living in water. مائِيّ، يَعيش في الماء
2. happening on or in water: Swimming and rowing are aquatic sports. مائيّ، يتمّ أو يَجرِي في الماء
aqueduct 1. artificial channel or large pipe for bringing water from a distance. قَنَاةٌ اصطناعِيَّة، أُنبوبٌ ضَخْمٌ لجرِّ الماءِ من مَسافَةٍ بعيدة
2. structure that supports such a channel or pipe. قناطرُ يَمُرُّ فوقها مَجْرَى الماء
3. canal or passage in the body. مَجْرًى أو قَناةٌ في الجسمِ
Arabic numerals the signs 1, 2, 3 etc. الأَرْقام العَرَبيّة
arable suitable for growing crops on. صَالِح للزرَاعَة
arachnid any of a large group of small arthropods including spiders, scorpions, mites, etc. Arachnids are airbreathing, have four pairs of walking legs and no antennae, and the body is usually divided into only two regions. (حيوان) حَيوانٌ من فَصيلةِ العنكبوتيَّاتِ كالعناكِبِ والعقارِبِ والقَملِ والقُرادِ
Aramaic (1) Semitic language or group of dialects, including Syriac and the language spoken in Palestine at the time of Christ. لُغَةُ الآرامِيِّينَ أو السُّريانِ
Aramaic (2) of or in Aramaic. آراميّ
arbiter 1. person chosen to decide a dispute; judge; umpire; arbitrator. مُحكَّمٌ، قاضٍ، حَكَمٌ
2. person with full power to decide. حَكَمٌ مُطْلَقُ الصَّلاحِيّةِ
arbitration settlement of a dispute by the decision of somebody chosen to be a judge, umpire, or arbiter. تَحْكيمٌ، فضُّ نِزاعٍ بالتّحكيمِ
arcade an arched passage, often with shops along it. مَمَرّ مُقَنْطَر، سُوق مَسْقُوفة
arch a curved part of a building or bridge; sth. shaped like this. قَنْطَرَة، قَوْس
archaeological archaeological BrE, archeological AmE, of archaeology. لَهُ عَلَاقَة بالآثَار القَدِيمة
archaeologist archaeologist BrE, archeologist AmE, one who studies archaeology. عَالِم الآثار القَديمة
archaeology archaeology BrE, archeology AmE, the scientific study of life in the distant past by digging up ancient cities, examining buried objects, etc. عِلْم الآثار القَديمة
archaic very old; (esp. of words) no longer used. قَديم، مَهْجُور، غير مُسْتَعْمَل
archbishop a very high official in the Christian church. رَئِيس الأَسَاقِفَة
arched having an arch. مُقَوَّس
archery the art of shooting with a bow and arrow. الرّمايَة، الرَّمي بالسِّهام
archipelago 1. sea having many islands in it. أَرْخَبيل: مُتَّسعٌ من البَحر يَحوي مَجْموعة جزرٍ مُتجاورَة
2. group of many islands. أَرخبيل: مَجموعَةُ جُزُرٍ مُتجاوِرَةٌ
architect one who makes plans for new buildings, etc. مُهَندِس مِعْمَاريّ
architecture 1. the work of an architect. هَندَسَة مِعْمَارية
2. building of a particular kind or period: Roman architecture. فَنّ أو طِراز مِعْماريّ
archives 1. place where public records or historical documents are kept. دائرة المحفوظات: مكانُ حِفظِ السِّجِلَّاتِ العامَّةِ والوثائق التاريخيّة
2. public records or historical documents. سِجِلَّاتٌ عامَّةٌ أو وثائِق تاريخيّة، محفوظات
archivist أمين المحفوظات
arctic (of) the cold northern end of the earth: Arctic weather. القُطْب الشمالي، قُطْبيّ، مُتَعَلّق بالقطب الشماليّ
Arctic Circle, arctic circle 1. imaginary boundary of the north polar region. It runs parallel to the equator at 23 degrees 30 minutes (23°30′) south of the North Pole. خَطٌّ وَهْميٌّ يحدُّ المِنْطَقة القُطْبيَّة الشَّماليّة
2. polar region surrounded by this parallel. الدائرةُ القُطبيّةُ الشَّماليّة
ardent 1. eager; full of zeal; very enthusiastic. غَيورٌ، مُجِدٌّ، حَمِسٌ، مُتَشَوِّقٌ
2. burning; fiery; hot; glowing. مُلْتَهبٌ، مُتهيِّجٌ، مُتَوَهِّجٌ
ardour 1. eagerness; warmth of emotion, zeal; great enthusiasm. تَشَوُّقٌ، غَيْرَةٌ، حرارةٌ، حَماسَةٌ
2. burning heat. تَلَهُّبٌ، تَوَقُّدٌ
arduous 1. hard to do; requiring much effort. عَسيرٌ، مُتْعِبٌ، شاقٌّ
2. using up much energy. مُستَنْفِدٌ طاقةً كَثِيرة
3. steep; hard to climb. صَعْبُ المُرْتَقى، شديدُ الانْحِدار، صَبَبٌ
are present t. of the verb be, as used with we, you, they.
area 1. a measured surface: The area of this field is 4800 square metres. مِسَاحَة
2. a part of the world: desert areas. مِنْطَقَة، بُقْعَة
3. parts in and around a place: He lives somewhere in the London area. مِنْطَقَة
arena a space with seats round it, for sports or shows. سَاحَة، مَيْدَان، مِضْمَار
aren’t contr. of are not or (in questions only) of am not: Aren’t I going with you? No, I’m not. Those aren’t my glasses. أَلَسْتَ، أَلَسْتَمُ، أَلَسْتُنَّ
argil clay; especially, clay used for pottery. طُفالٌ، صَلْصالٌ، طِينٌ فخّاريٌّ
argue 1. to give different opinions: They were arguing about the rules of football. (discution) يُناقِش، يُجادِل
2. to give a serious opinion, with reasons: The writer of this book argues that there is life on Mars. يُحَاجّ، يُقَدِّم الحُجّة أو الدّليل
argument 1. the act of arguing. مُحَاجّة، جَدَل، مُنَاقَشَة
2. an opinion, with reasons. حُجّة
argumentative fond of arguing. جَدَليّ، مُحِبّ للجَدَل والنّقاش
aria air or melody; melody for a single voice with instrumental or vocal accompaniment. (موسيقى) نَغَمٌ، لَحْنٌ
arid dry, for lack of rain: The desert is completely arid. قَاحِل مُجْدِب
aridity 1. dryness; barrenness. جَفافٌ، قُحولٌ، جَرْزٌ، يباسٌ
2. dullness; lack of interest, life, or spirit. بلادَةٌ، مَواتٌ، فِقدان الحيويَّة
Aries 1. northern constellation that was thought of as arranged in the shape of a ram. (فلكٌ) بُرْجُ الحَمَلِ، الكَبْشُ
2. the first sign of the zodiac: The sun enters Aries about March 21. أَوَّلُ صُوَرِ البُروجِ (تَدْخُلُ الشمسُ في بُرْجِ الحَمَل يومَ 21 آذار)
arise (p.t. arose, p.p. arisen) 1. to come up and be noticed (of a storm, trouble, etc.): A serious difficulty has arisen. يَظْهر، يَبْرُز
2. to result from: My plans arose from a visit to Edinburgh. يَنْشَأ (عن)، يَنْتِج (عن)
aristocracy nobles, or other people of high rank, as a class. الخَاصّة، الطَّبقَة الراقِيَة
aristocrat sb. of noble birth. أرسْتُقْراطيّ، نبِيل، من الخَاصّة
aristocratic of aristocrats; proud and noble. أرِسْتُقْراطِيّ، رَاقٍ
arithmetic (science of) working with numbers. عِلْم الحِسَاب
arithmetical progression series in which there is always the same difference between a number and the one following it. 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 are in arithmetical progression; so are 8, 5, 2, -1. مُتواليَةٌ حِسابيَّةٌ
arm (1) 1. the part of the body from the shoulder to the hand. ذِرَاع
2. sth. formed like an arm (part of a machine, chair, or coat). ذِرَاع
3. arm in arm (of two people) holding each other’s arm: They walked arm in arm. يدًا بِيَد، مُتَشَابِكِي الأَيْدِي
4. with open arms gladly: They welcomed me with open arms. بتَرحَاب، بِحَرَارَة
arm (2) to provide (oneself) with weapons. يُسَلِّح، يَتَسَلَّح
armada 1. fleet of warships. أُسْطولٌ (بحري) حَرْبيّ، عَمارَةٌ
2. fleet of aeroplanes. أسْطُولٌ جَوّيٌّ
armament (often pl.) the weapons and equipment for war of an army, navy, etc. سِلاح، عُدَّة حَرْبيَّة
armchair a chair with supports for the arms. كُرسِيّ بِذِرَاعَيْن، كُرْسِيّ مُرِيح
armful as much as an arm, or both arms, can hold: an armful of books. مِلْءُ ذِرَاع أو ذِرَاعَيْن
armour armour BrE, armor AmE. 1. strong protective metal covering on fighting vehicles, etc. دِرْع
2. (formerly) protective metal or leather covering worn by fighting men. دِرْع، عُدَّة حَرْبِيَّة
armoured armoured BrE, armored AmE, equipped with armour: an armoured vehicle. مُدَرَّع
armoury armoury BrE, armory AmE, a place where arms are kept. دَار السِّلاح، مُسْتَوْدَع السِّلاح
armpit the hollow under the arm at the shoulder. إِبْط
arms 1. weapons: Soldiers carry arms. سِلاح، أَسْلِحَة
2. (small) arms guns that can be carried by hand. أسْلِحَة خَفِيفة
3. up in arms angrily disagreeing: The teachers were up in arms at the idea of larger classes. ثَائِر على، مُحْتَجّ بِشِدّة على
army the soldiers of a country. جَيْش
arnica 1. healing liquid used on bruises, sprains, etc., prepared from the dried flowers, leaves, or roots of a plant. (نبات) سائِل يُحَضَّرُ من نبات الأرنيكا لعِلاج الرضوض
2. the plant itself, a member of the Compositae family. It has showy yellow flowers. (نبات) أرنيكا، زهرة العُطاس: جِنْسُ نبات من فصيلة المركّبات الأنبوبيَّة الزَّهْر
aroma a pleasant smell. شَذَا، عِطْر، رَائِحة ذَكِيَّة، عَبِير
arose p.t. of arise.
around on all sides (of); round; here and there: The boys were running around. A crowd gathered around me. حَوْلَ، مِن حَوْلِ، مِن جَمِيع الجهَات، هُنَا وهُنَاك
arouse 1. to excite. يُثِير
2. to awaken. يُوقِظ
arrange 1. to put in order: He arranged his books neatly. يُنَظّم، يُرَتّب
2. to plan: We arranged a meeting (or to meet). يُهَيِّئ، يُنظّم، يَتَّخِذ التَّرتيبات اللازِمة
arrangement 1. arranging. تَنظيم، تَرْتِيب
2. sth. arranged or planned: Will you make arrangements for our trip to Europe? تَرْتِيب
array (1) 1. order: The troops were formed in battle array. ترتيب، نِظام، مجموعة مُرَتَّبَة
2. display of persons or things. عَرْضٌ، أشياء مَعروضة
3. military force; soldiers. قُوَّةٌ عسكريّة، جُنود
4. clothes; dress; as, bridal array. ملابِس، كُسوَةٌ
5. in battle array. مُصطَفّون للقتال
array (2) dress in fine clothes; adorn. يُهَنْدِم، يُزَيِّن، يكْسو
arrears 1. money that ought to have been paid: He owes arrears of rent. دَفَعاتُ مُتَأَخِّرة (لم تُدفَع)
2. in arrears late: He is in arrears with his work. مُتَأَخِّر، مُتَعَوِّق
arrest (1) 1. to put a stop to: Can doctors arrest the progress of this disease? يُوَقِّف
2. to seize sb., by law: The police arrested the thief. يُلقِي القَبْضَ على
arrest (2) under arrest, held by the police. مَقبُوض عليه
arrival 1. the act of arriving: We were delayed because of the late arrival of the train. وُصُول، حُضُور، مَقْدَم
2. sb. or sth. that arrives: There was a new arrival in the class. قادِم
arrive 1. to reach a place: They arrived home (or in London or at the cinema). يَصِل، يَبْلُغ
2. to come: The time for action has arrived. يَحِين، يَأزَف
arrogance arrogant behaviour. صَلَف، كِبْر، غَطْرَسة، تَعَالٍ
arrogant very proud, without respect for others. مُتَغَطْرِس، مُتَعَجْرِف
arrogate 1. claim or take without right: The despotic king arrogated to himself the power that belonged to the nobles. يَدَّعي، يَغتَصِب، يَنْتَحِل
2. attribute or assign without good reasons. يَعْزو (أو يَدَّعي) دونَ أَسبابٍ وَجيهَةٍ
arrow 1. a stick with a sharp point shot from a bow. سَهْم، نَبْلَة، نَشّابَة
2. a sign (→) showing where sth. is. إشَارَةُ سَهْمٍ
arsenal a building for storing or manufacturing weapons and ammunition for an army or navy. دار صِناعَةِ أَسْلِحَة، مخزن أَسْلِحَة، ترسانة
arsenic a kind of poison made from a metal-like substance. زرْنِيخ
arson the crime of setting fire to sth. (esp. a building) on purpose. الإِحرَاق العَمْد
art 1. an activity in which sth. of beauty is made; skill: the art of painting pictures. فَنّ، مَهارَة
2. (pl.) subjects other than science (languages, history, etc.) آدَاب
3. fine arts drawing, painting, music, sculpture, architecture. الفُنُون الجَميلة
4. work of art sth. perfectly made, esp. in one of the fine arts. عَمَل فَنّي، قِطْعَة فَنّيّة
5. art gallery. قاعَةٌ لِعَرضِ الأَعْمالِ الفَنيَّة
6. Bachelor of arts; abbr. B.A. بكالوريوس أو ليسانس الآداب
7. liberal arts. العلوم الإنسانيّة
8. Master of Arts; abbr. M.A. ماجِسْتير في الآداب
9. the Black Art. السِّحْرُ - الشَّعْوَذَةُ
10. the Fine Arts. الفُنُونُ الجَمِيلَةُ
artery a pipe carrying blood from the heart to the rest of the body. شِرْيان
artesian (of a well) having its water forced up by natural pressure. (بئر) أُرْتُوَازيَّة
artful clever but not trustworthy. مَاهِر، مَكّار، خَدَّاع
arthritis inflammation of a joint or joints. (طب) اِلتهابٌ مِفْصَليٌّ، رَثْيَةٌ، داءُ النِّقْرِسِ
artichoke a kind of vegetable. نَبات الخُرْشُوف (أو الأَرْضي شَوْكي)
article 1. a particular thing: an article of clothing. شَيْء، صِنْف
2. a piece of writing about facts: a newspaper article. مَقَالَة في صَحيفة
3. one of the words a, an, and the. أَدَاة تَنكِير أو تَعْريف
articulate (1) 1. uttered in distinct syllables or words: A baby cries and gurgles, but does not use articulate speech. واضحُ مَخَارِج الحرُوفِ
2. made up of distinct parts; distinct. واضِحٌ، مُمَيَّزُ الأَجْزاءِ
3. jointed. مُتَرابطٌ مَفْصِلِيًّا، بمفصل موصول
articulate (2) 1. unite by joints. يَرْبُط، يُوصِّل مَفْصِلِيًّا، يَتَّصِل مَفْصِلِيًّا
2. fit together in a joint: After his knee was injured, he was lame because the bones did not articulate well. يَلتَحِم، يَترابَط مَفْصِلِيًّا
artifact anything made by human skill or work; artificial product. إنْتَاجٌ اصْطِناعيٌّ، شَيءٌ من عَملِ الإنْسانِ
artificial (of teeth, light, silk, etc.) not natural; made by man. صِناعيّ، غَيْر طَبِيعيّ
artificial intelligence دِراسة الكَيفيّة لِجَعْل الكومبيوتر يَقوم بِعَمَليّات فِكريّة كالإنسان مثل اتِّخاذ القَرار، ذَكاء مَصْنوع
artillery 1. big guns. مِدْفَعيّة
2. the part of an army that uses them. سِلاح المِدْفَعِيّة
artisan a skilled workman. صَاحِب حِرْفَة
artist one who practises an art esp. painting. فَنّان
artistic about art; showing skill and a feeling for beauty: an artistic arrangement of flowers. فَنِّيّ
as 1. while; when: He hit me as I went past. I knew him as a boy. بَيْنَما، عِنْدَمَا، كَـ
2. (giving a reason) because. لأَنَّ، بِمَا أَنَّ، أَمَّا وقَدْ
3. though: Much as I want it, I can’t pay for it. Try as you may, you won’t succeed. مَعَ أَنَّ
4. (showing how) in the way that: I like it as it is. كَما، مِثْلَما
5. like: She was dressed as a boy. مِثْل، كَ
6. in the position of: He was useless as a soldier. كَـ
7. a fact which: This boy was the winner, as everyone knows. كَمَا
8. as ... as (in comparing two equal things): He’s as strong as a horse. He’s not as (or not so) tall as I am. مِثْل، كَ
9. as for with regard to: As for you, you’re the worst of them all. أمّا (فيما يَتَعَلّق بِـ)
10. as good as nearly: The match is as good as won. تَقْريبًا
11. as if, as though: (a) He looks as if he had a pain. (He seems to have a pain) (b) (to show surprise or annoyance at sth. foolish): She thought I had lent him money. As if I would trust a man like him! (أ) كَأنّ (ب) كأنّ
12. as long as (a) on condition that: You can take my key as long as you don’t lose it. (b) all the time that: I’ll remember you as long as I live. (أ) ما دَام (ب) طَالَما
13. so as to in order to: He hurried so as not to be late. كَيْ، لِكَيْ
asbestos a soft mineral material that cannot burn. حَرير صَخْري (أسْبسْتُوس)
ascend to go up (steadily or solemnly); climb up; rise: Smoke was ascending from the factory chimneys. The speaker ascended the stage and began to address the meeting. يَصْعَد، يَرْتَقي، يَرْتَفِع
ascendance ascendancy. سِيادَةٌ، سَيْطَرةٌ، نُفوذٌ
ascension act of ascending; ascent. صُعودٌ، اِرْتِقاءٌ
ascent a way or act of ascending: a steep ascent; the ascent of Mount Everest. صُعُود، طُلُوع، اِرْتِقَاء
ascertain to find out by inquiry, etc.: We must ascertain what time the last bus goes. يَتَحَقَّق، يَتَثَبَّتُ مِن
ascetic (1) 1. person who practises unusual self-denial and devotion, or severe self-discipline for religious reasons. ناسِكٌ، زاهِدٌ
2. person who refrains from pleasures and comforts. مُتَقَشِّفٌ، مُتَصَوِّفٌ
ascetic (2) self-denying; refraining from pleasures and comforts. زاهِدٌ، مُتَصَوِّف
asceticism life or habits of an ascetic. تقشُّفٌ، تنسُّكٌ، تَزَهُّدٌ
ascribe assign; attribute; consider as belonging: The discovery of America is usually ascribed to Columbus. The police ascribed the motor-car accident to fast driving. يَعزو أو يَنسُب (إلى)، يُلْقي (على)
ash (1) 1. a kind of tree. شَجَر الدَّرْدَار
2. the hard wood of this tree. خَشَب الدّرْدَار
ash (2) grey dust left after sth. is burnt: cigarette ash; the ashes of a fire. رَمَاد
ash-bin صفيحة أو تنكة الرّماد، صندوق القمامة
ashamed feeling shame: He felt ashamed to ask for money. You should be ashamed of yourself. خَجِل، خَجْلان، خَزْيَان
ashen 1. like ashes; pale as ashes. رَماديُّ اللَّونِ، شَبيهٌ بالرَّمادِ
2. of ashes. رَمادِيٌّ
ashore on or to the shore: Sailors are unhappy ashore. We swam ashore from the boat. عَلَى الشّاطِئ، عَلَى البَرّ
ashtray a container for cigarette ash. صَحْن أو مِنْفَضَة سَجَائِر
aside on or to one side: He put his work aside and went out. جَانِبًا
ask 1. to express a question or desire: I asked (him) his name. Ask her why she came. He asked (me) for help. يَسْأَل، يَطْلُب
2. to invite: We asked him to dinner. يَدْعُو
askew to one side; out of the proper position; turned or twisted the wrong way: Her hat is on askew. (أ) بانحِرافٍ، باعْوِجاجٍ، مائِلًا (ب) مُنْحرِفٌ، مُعْوَجٌّ، مائلٌ
asleep 1. sleeping: He was fast (or sound) asleep. (He was sleeping deeply). نائِم
2. fall asleep to go to sleep. يَنَام
asp 1. small poisonous snake of Egypt. صِلٌّ: حَيَّةٌ سامّةٌ في مصر تُسَمَّى الناشر
2. small poisonous snake of Europe. حَيَّةٌ صَغيرةٌ سامَّةٌ في أُوربا
asparagus plant of the Liliaceae family whose green, tender shoots are used as a vegetable. (نبات) هِلْيَون: نبات من الفصيلة الزَّنْبقيَّة وهو أنواع
aspect 1. look or appearance. مَظْهَر، هَيْئَة
2. part of a difficulty, idea, etc.: We must consider all aspects of this question. جانِب، وَجْه
asperity roughness; harshness; severity. خُشونَةٌ، غَلاظَةٌ، قَسْوَةٌ
asphalt a black sticky substance, used for road surfaces. زِفْت، قَار، (أَسْفَلْت)
asphyxia suffocation or unconscious condition caused by lack of oxygen. أَسْفِكْسِيا: اِخْتِناقٌ لانْعِدامِ الأكسِجين، غشيانٌ لِقلَّةِ الأُكسجين
asphyxiation suffocation caused by lack of oxygen. اختِناقٌ لِقِلَّةِ الأُكسجين
aspic [Poetic] asp, a poisonous snake. صِلٌّ، ثُعْبَانٌ سامٌّ
aspire 1. have an ambition for something; desire earnestly; seek: Tom aspired to be captain of the team. Scholars aspire after knowledge. يَطمَح (إِلى)، يَتوق (إِلى)، يَتَطَلَّع
2. rise high. يَتَعالَى، يَرْتَفِع، يُحَلِّق
aspirin a medicine for pain or fever; a small piece of this, in solid form. أسْبِيرين
ass 1. a donkey. حمَار
2. [infml.] a foolish person. شَخْص بَليد أو غَبيّ
assail 1. attack; as, to assail a fortress; to assail a task, to assail one’s ears with questions. يُهاجِم، يَهجُم، يُغير، يَحمِل عَلى
2. assailed by doubts. تُساوِره الشّكوك
assassin one who kills sb. important, usu. for political reasons. قَاتِل (مُسْتَأجَر)، سَفّاك
assassinate to murder for political reasons. يَغْتَال، يَقْتُل غِيلَةً
assassination (an act of) assassinating. اغْتِيَال، قَتْل سِيَاسيّ
assault (1) (an) attack: He was charged with assault on a policeman. The enemy made an assault on the fort. هُجُوم عَنيف ومُفَاجئ
assault (2) to attack. يُهاجِم
assemble 1. to gather: The whole school (was) assembled in the hall. يَجْمَع، يَحْشُدُ
2. to put or bring together: The parts of this machine come from Germany but we assemble them in Britain. يُجَمّع، يُرَكِّب
assembly 1. a gathering, esp. of law-makers for a special purpose. اجْتِمَاع، جَمْعِيّة، مَجْلِس
2. the act of putting together (parts of a machine, etc.) تَجْميع
assent (1) agreement. مُوافَقَة
assent (2) to agree to something. يُوافِق، يُصَدِّق عَلَى
assert to declare firmly: They asserted that it was not their fault. يُعْلِن، يؤكِّد، يَقُول جَازِمًا
assess to decide the amount or value of sth.: A student’s progress is assessed by his marks. يُعَيِّن أو يُحَدِّد قيمَة، يُقَيّم
assessment 1. an assessing. تَقْديرٌ، تَخْمينُ (مُلْكٍ أو دَخْلٍ) لتعيينِ الضريبة
2. amount assessed. قِيمَةٌ مُقَدَّرَةٌ أو مُخَمَّنَةٌ
asset 1. a valuable quality or possession: A fast runner is an asset to his team. مَكْسَب، شَيْء ثَمين أو قَيِّم
2. (often pl.) the part of an accounts sheet that shows what one has, in relation to liabilities and capital: Machinery and land are the biggest part of a company’s assets. مَوْجُودَات (شَرِكَة، إلخ)
assiduity careful and steady attention; diligence. مُواظَبةٌ، مُثَابَرةٌ، جِدٌّ، اِجْتِهادٌ، مُداوَمَة
assign (1) 1. give a share. يُخَصِّص، يَخُصّ بِنَصِيبٍ، يُحَصِّص
2. appoint: The captain assigned two soldiers to guard the gate. يُعَيِّن، يَندُب (لِـ)، يُكَلِّف
3. name definitely; fix; set: The judge assigned a day for the trial. يُحَدِّد، يُقَرِّر
4. refer; ascribe: A student should be able to assign events to their places in history. يَنسُب، يُرجِع (إلى)
5. transfer or hand over (a right, property, etc.) legally: Mr. Jones assigned his home and farm to his creditors. يَتَنازَل، يُحَوِّل إلى الغير مِلكًا أو حقًّا شرعيًّا
assign (2) person to whom property, a right, etc., is legally transferred. متنازَلٌ له، شَخصٌ حُوِّلَ إليه مِلْكٌ أو حَقٌّ
assignment 1. something assigned. شيءٌ معيَّن أو مخصَّصٌ، مُهِمَّةٌ، واجبٌ (أو فرض) مدرسيّ
2. an assigning. تَخصيصٌ، تَعيين، تَكلِيفٌ
3. legal transfer of some property, right, etc. نَقْلٌ أو تَحويلٌ شرعيٌّ، تَنازُلٌ
assimilate to take sth. (or sb.) in and make a part of a single whole: Our bodies assimilate food. America has assimilated people from many countries. يَسْتَوْعِب، يَهْضُم أو يُمَثِّل (الطّعَام)
assist to help: She assisted him in planning the house. She assisted in planning it. Good glasses will assist you to read. يُساعِد، يُعِين
assistance help: Can I be of assistance? مُسَاعَدَة، عَوْن
assistant 1. a person who helps another, esp. in a job: an assistant teacher. مُسَاعِد، مُعَاوِن
2. a person who serves buyers in a shop: a shop assistant. بائِع (في دُكّان)
associate (1) 1. to (cause to) join as friends or in business: In the course of his work he associated with many different kinds of people. The two companies were associated. يُخالِط، يُشَارِك، يَرْبُط، يَضُمّ
2. to think of sth. in relation to sth. else: Certain national characteristics are usually associated with a country. يَرْبُط، يَقْرِن، يُقَارِن
associate (2) a fellow-worker or companion: a business associate. شَرِيك، ألِيف
Associated Company شَرِكَة مُشترَكة، شَرِكة، 20 إلى 50 في المئة من أَسهمها مَملوكة مِن شَرِكَة أُخرى
association 1. the joining of ideas, activities, etc.: the association of ideas; two groups working in association. تَرَابُط، اِرْتِبَاط
2. a group with a common purpose: the motor trader’s association. اتِّحاد، جَمْعِيّة
assorted of various sorts: I bought a bag of assorted fruits. مُنَوَّع، مُشَكَّل
assortment an assorted collection: Our new shop has a large assortment of kitchen goods. تَشْكِيلَة، مَجْمُوعَة مُنَوّعَة
assume 1. to accept as true, without proof: I assume that I can trust him. يَفْتَرِض، يَعْتَبرُهُ صَحيحًا
2. to begin to perform (a duty) or occupy (a position): Our new headmaster will assume control of the school next month. يَتَوَلّى، يَتَقَلَّد (مَنْصِبًا، إلخ)
assumption 1. act of assuming; as, an assumption of authority. تَقَلُّدٌ، تَسَلُّمٌ
2. thing assumed. افْتِراضٌ، ادّعاءٌ
3. presumption; arrogance; unpleasant boldness. وَقاحَةٌ، غَطْرَسَةٌ، عَجْرَفةٌ
assurance 1. a promise: He gave me his assurance that the money would be paid back. تَأكِيد، ضَمَان
2. certainty; trust in oneself and one’s own abilities: A leader of men needs plenty of self-assurance. ثِقَة بالنَّفْس، اعْتِمَاد عَلَى النَّفْس
assure 1. to try to make sb. believe sth.; tell as a certain fact: I assure you that all will be well. يُؤَكِّد، يُطَمْئِن
2. to make sure: You should assure (yourself) that the house is locked before you leave. يَتَأكّد، يَتَيَقَّن
asterisk the mark. إشَارَة النَّجْمَة في الكِتَابَة
asteroid 1. any of the very small planets revolving about the sun between the orbit of Mars and the orbit of Jupiter. There are many asteroids. كُوَيْكِبٌ: من آلافِ السيّارات الصغيرة التي تَدورُ حولَ الشمسِ (بين مدار المرّيخ والمشتري)
2. any starfish. سَمكٌ نَجْميُّ الشكْلِ
asthma a chest disease which makes breathing difficult. مَرَضُ الرَّبْو أَوْ ضِيقُ النَّفَس
astonish to surprise greatly: We were astonished by what happened. We were astonished to hear what happened. يُدْهِش، يُحَيِّر
astonishment great surprise or wonder: To my astonishment, I won a prize. حَيْرَة، دَهْشَة، تَعَجُّب
astound surprise very greatly; amaze. يُذْهِل، يُدْهِش، يَروع، يُحيِّر
astray off the right path (usu. into trouble) ضَالّ، حَائِد عن الطَّريق القَوِيم a) go astray: The sheep went astray and got lost. يَضِلّ (عن الطَّريق) b) lead astray: He was led astray by bad companions. يُضِلّ، يُغوِي
astride with one leg on each side (of): He sat astride his horse. مُتَفَحِّجًا، مُنْفَرِجَ السّاقَين
astrolabe astronomical instrument formerly used for measuring the altitude of the sun or stars. (فلك ومِلاحة) الأَسْطُرلابِ: آلةٌ قَديمةٌ لِقياسِ زاويَةِ ارتِفاعِ الشَّمْسِ أو غَيرِها من النُّجومِ
astrologer one who studies astrology. مُنَجِّم، رَمَّال
astrology the study of the stars in relation to human fate. عِلْم التَّنْجيم، نِجَامَة
astronaut a traveller through outer space: American astronauts succeeded in reaching the moon. مَلَّاح فَضائي
astronomer sb. skilled at astronomy. فَلَكِيّ، عَالِم فَلَك
astronomy the scientific study of the stars. عِلْم الفَلَك
astute sagacious; shrewd; crafty. لَبِيبٌ، أَرِيبٌ، حَسَنُ الحِيلَة، داهِيَة
astuteness فِطْنة، دَهاء
asylum 1. institution for the support and care of the insane, blind, orphans, or other classes of unfortunate persons. مَأْوًى لِلعَجَزة أو الأَيْتامِ
2. refuge; shelter: In olden times a church was an asylum for a debtor or a criminal, since no one was allowed to drag a person from the altar. مَلْجأٌ
at 1. (showing where): at home; at the office. في، عِندَ
2. (showing a point of time): at midday; at 4 o’clock; He was married at 18. في، عِنْدَ
3. (showing a state): at war; at play. فِي حَالَةِ
4. (after an adj.): good at English; quick at sums. فِي
5. (showing how): at full speed; at great cost. بِـ
6. (showing cause): I was pleased at the news. لِـ، بِسَبَب
atavism 1. resemblance to a remote ancestor: If a child of very quiet, home-loving parents and grandparents should display the love of travel and adventure that had characterized a sea-captain ancestor, it would be called a case of atavism. تأَسُّلٌ، وِراثَة راجعَة
2. reversion to a primitive type. رَجْعَةٌ إلى شَكْلٍ بدائيّ
ate p.t. of eat. أَكَلَ
atheism belief that there is no God. دُهريَّة، مَذهبُ الإلحادِ، إنكارُ وجودِ اللهِ
atheist one who believes there is no God. مُلْحِد
athlete one who is good at running, jumping, etc. (لاعِب) رِيَاضيّ
athletic 1. of athletes. رِياضِيّ
2. strong and active: He has an athletic figure. رِيَاضِيّ، قَوِيّ
athletics athletic sports (not team games like football). أَلْعَاب القُوَى، الأَلْعَاب الرِّياضيّة
atlas a book of maps. أَطْلَس
atmosphere 1. the air round the earth. الجَوّ، الغِلافُ الجَوّي
2. the air in a place: The city atmosphere was thick with smoke. الجَوّ أو الهَوَاء (في مَكَان مُعَيّن)
3. the feeling that one gets in a place: The old church had an atmosphere of peace.
atmospherics electric activity in the air that causes bad radio reception. الظَّوَاهِر الجَوِّيَّة الكَهْرُبَائِيّة
atoll ring-shaped coral island enclosing or partly enclosing a lagoon. جَزيرَةُ مَرجانٍ حَلْقيَّةٌ، تتوسَّطُهَا بُحَيْرَةٌ
atom 1. the smallest part of matter that can take part in chemical change. ذَرّة
2. a very small bit: There’s not an atom of truth in his report. ذَرّة
atomic of atoms. ذَرّيّ
atom(ic) bomb a bomb that explodes when atoms are divided. القُنْبُلة الذَّرِّيَّة
atomic energy power resulting from division of an atom. الطّاقَة الذَّرِّيَّة
atomizer apparatus used to blow a liquid in a spray of very small drops. مِرْذاذٌ، مِنْضَحة: آلَة لذَرِّ السوائل
atone 1. make up; make amends for: Tom atoned for his unkindness to Dick by taking him to the theatre. يُكَفِّر عن، يُعَوِّض عن
2. harmonize [Archaic]. يُناغِم، يُوَفِّق، يُطابِق
atrium 1. main room of an ancient Roman house. رَدْهَةٌ أو بَهْوٌ في بيتٍ رومانيٍّ قَديمٍ
2. hall; court. قاعَة، صَحن الدَّار
3. cavity of the heart that receives the blood from the veins; auricle. (طب) أُذَيْنُ القَلْب
4. any of various other cavities in animals [Latin]. (طب) تَجويفٌ مُماثِلٌ في أجسامِ الحَيواناتِ
atrocious 1. very cruel or shocking: an atrocious crime. مُرِيع، فَظِيع، فَاحِش
2. [infml.] very bad: It was an atrocious play. مُرِيع، سَيِّئ جِدًّا
atrocity a very cruel action. عَمَل فَظِيع، عَمَل وَحْشيّ
attach 1. to fasten; join: I attached the rope to a tree. Please fill in the forms attached to this letter. يَرْبُط، يَصِل، يُلْصِق
2. attached to fond of (a person or place) مُتَعَلِّق (بِـ)
3. attach importance to to consider important: They attach great importance to appearances. يُعَلِّق أَهَميَّةً عَلَى
attaché case small rectangular case originally for carrying documents; also used for carrying clothes, etc. حَقيبَةٌ صَغيرةٌ مُسْتَطيلَةُ الشَّكْلِ لحِفظِ الأَوراقِ أو الأَمْتِعَةِ
attack (1) 1. to start a fight (or use force) against; try to harm or beat: We attacked the enemy. In football, the forwards attack and the backs defend. Some diseases only attack children. يُهَاجِم، يَهْجُم أو يَحْمِل (على)
2. to write or speak against: Some politicians are attacking the government. يُهَاجِم، يحْمِل (على)
attack (2) attacking; an attempt to hurt or destroy: an air attack; an attack of fever; a newspaper attack. هُجُوم، هَجْمَة، حَمْلَة
attain to reach; succeed in getting: He attained his goal of becoming rich. يَبْلُغ، يُدْرِك، يُحْرِز
attar perfume made from the petals of roses or other flowers. عِطْرٌ
attempt (1) to try: He attempted to escape but was caught. يُحَاوِل، يَسْعَى لِـ
attempt (2) an effort (to do sth.); the act of trying: He made no attempt to defend himself. مُحَاوَلَة
attend 1. to give care and thought to; fix one’s mind on: A doctor attended to his wounds. Please attend to what I’m saying. يَنْتَبِه، يَهْتَمّ بِـ، يَتعَهّد
2. to be present at (a meeting); go regularly to (school). يَحْضُر، يَشْهَدُ، يَذْهَب بِانْتِظَام إِلَى
attendance being present. حُضُور
attendant sb. who is employed to look after and help visitors to a public place: a swimming pool attendant. مُرَافِق، مُلازِم
attention care and thought: Pay attention to my words! اِنْتِبَاه، اِهْتِمام
attentive paying attention: an attentive listener. مُنْتَبِه، فَطِن
attenuate 1. make or become thin or slender. يَرِقُّ، يُرَقِّق، يَنحُف
2. weaken; reduce. يُضْعِف، يُنَقِّص، يَخفُت، يَقِلّ، يَضعُف
3. dilute; make less dense. يُخَفِّف، يُرَقِّق القَوام، يُقَلِّل الكَثافة
attenuation an attenuating or being attenuated. تَرقيقٌ، تَقْلِيلٌ، تَخفِيفٌ، تَوهِينٌ، خِفَّةٌ، وَهنٌ
attest 1. give proof or evidence of: The child’s good health attests his mother’s care. يُبَرْهِن أو يَدُلّ على
2. declare to be true or genuine; certify: A notary attested to the genuineness of the signature. يُعْلِن صِحَّة، يُثْبِت حقيقة، يُؤَكِّد، يُصَدِّق على: يَشْهَد (بِصِحَّة)، يُقَرِّر
3. put on oath. يَسْتَحْلِف
4. attest a signature. يَشْهَد على صِحَّةِ التَّوقيعِ
attestation 1. act of attesting. إِقرارٌ، تَأْكِيدٌ، تَصْدِيق
2. proof; evidence. بُرهانٌ، حُجَّةٌ، دَليل
3. testimony. بَيِّنَةٌ، شَهادَة
attic a room in the roof of a house. سَقْفِيّة، غُرْفَةٌ ضِمْنَ سَطْحِ المَنْزِل، عُلِّيَّة
attire dress; array: The queen wears rich attire. She is attired in purple. (أ) كُسْوةٌ، ثِيابٌ، زِينَةٌ. (ب) يَكْسو، يُلْبِس، يُزَيِّن
attitude 1. a way of holding the body: a lazy attitude. هَيْئَة، وَضْع جِسْمَانِيّ
2. a way of thinking or behaving: What is your attitude to employing female teachers? مَوْقِف، تَصَرُّف، سُلُوك، اتِّجَاه
attorney 1. person who has power to act for another. وَكيلٌ
2. lawyer. مُحامٍ
3. letter of attorney. وثيقة تفويض
4. power of attorney. تَوكِيلٌ رَسْميّ
attract 1. to pull towards by a hidden force: magnets attract iron. يَجْذِب
2. to draw the attention of: Football attracts large crowds. يَجْذِب، يَجْتَذِب
attraction power of attracting; sth. that attracts. جَذْب، شيء جَذّاب
attractive pleasing; charming: an attractive woman. جَذّاب، مُعْجِب
attribute (1) consider as belonging to or appropriate to; regard as an effect; think of as caused by: We attribute his success to intelligence and hard work. يَنسب إلى، يَعْزو إلى
attribute (2) 1. quality considered as belonging to a person or thing; characteristic: Kindness is an attribute of a good teacher. خاصَّةٌ، صِفةٌ، ميزةٌ، سَجيَّةٌ
2. object considered appropriate to a person, rank, or office; symbol: The eagle was the attribute of Jupiter. شِعارٌ، رَمْزٌ مُميِّزٌ
3. adjective; word or phrase used as an adjective. نَعتٌ، جُملةٌ وَصْفيَّةٌ
attributive (of an adj.) used before its noun, as in the lazy boy. (صِفة) مستعملة قبل الاسم بالإنجليزية
auburn (1) reddish brown. لَونٌ أَسْمرُ نُحاسيٌّ، لونٌ بُنّيٌّ غامقٌ
auburn (2) reddish brown. أَسمرُ نُحاسيٌّ، بُنّيٌّ غامِقٌ
auction (1) a public sale of goods etc., to those who offer most money. بَيْع بالمَزَاد
auction (2) to sell by auction. يَبيع بالمزاد
auctioneer sb. who is in charge of an auction. دَلَّال، مُنَادٍ (في المزاد)
audacious 1. bold; daring. جَسورٌ، جَريءٌ
2. too bold; impudent. وَقحٌ، قليلُ الحَياءِ
audacity 1. boldness; reckless daring. جَسارةٌ، تَهَوُّرٌ، جُرأة جُنونيَّة
2. rude boldness; impudence. وقاحَة، قِلّةُ حياءٍ
audible capable of being heard; loud enough to be heard. مَسْموعٌ، مُدرَكٌ بالسَّمْعِ، مُمكِنٌ سَماعُه
audible loud enough to be heard: A public speaker must be audible. مَسْمُوع، يُمكن سَمَاعُه بوُضُوح
audience the people listening to ro watching sth. (music, a speech, a play, etc.). جُمْهُور المُسْتَمِعِين أَو المُشَاهِدِين
audience room room for formal hearings or interviews. دِيوانٌ، قاعَةُ الجَلَساتِ، قاعة المقابلات الرسميّة
audit to examine business (accounts) officially: The club accounts are audited once a year. يَفْحَص أَوْ يُرَاجِع الحِسَابَات
audition 1. hearing. سَمع، اِستماع
2. hearing to test the voice of a singer, speaker, etc. اِستِماعٌ تَجْريبيٌّ لصوتِ مُغَنٍّ أو خَطيبٍ
auditor one who audits. مُدَقِّق حِسَابَات
auditorium large room for an audience in a church, theatre, school, etc.; large hall. قاعةُ استماعٍ، قاعةٌ للاجتِماعات، قاعَةٌ كَبِيرَة
auger 1. tool for boring holes in wood. مِثقَبٌ، برِّيمة، مِجوابٌ
2. tool for boring holes in the earth. مِثْقَبُ حَفرٍ (للأرضِ)
augment increase; enlarge: The king augmented his power by taking over rights that had belonged to the nobles. يَزيد، يُعَزِّز، يُعَظِّم، يُنَمّي، يَعظُم، يَزْداد، يَكثُر
augmentation enlargement; increase: The power of the nobles declined with the augmentation of the power of the king. اِزديادٌ، تَعْزيزٌ، زِيادَةٌ، نُموٌّ، نَماءٌ
augur (1) 1. priest in ancient Rome who made predictions and gave advice. كاهن في روما قديمًا كان يَتَعاطَى العرافة والإرشاد
2. prophet; fortune-teller. عَرَّاف، مُتكَهِّنٌ، عائِفٌ
augur (2) 1. predict; foretell. يَتَنَبَّأ، يَرجُم بالغَيب، يَتَكَهَّن
2. be a sign or promise. يَدُلّ على، يُبَشِّر بِـ
augury 1. art or practice of foretelling the future by the flight of birds, the appearance of the internal organs of sacrificed animals, thunder and lightning, etc. رَجْمٌ بالغَيْبِ، عِيَافةٌ، عِرافة
2. prediction; indication; sign; omen. نبوءَة، عَلامة، دَلالَةٌ، فَأْلٌ
3. rite or ceremony performed by an augur. شعائِرُ العِرافَةِ
August the eighth month of the year. شَهْر أَغُسْطُس
aunt the sister of one’s mother or father or the wife of one’s uncle. عَمَّة أَوْ خَالَة، زَوْجَةُ العَمّ أَو الخَال
aura something supposed to come from a person or thing and surround him or it like an atmosphere: An aura of holiness surrounded the saint. عَبِير، هَالَةٌ
aureole encircling radiance; halo. هالَةٌ، دارَةٌ مِنْ نُورٍ
auricle 1. chamber of the heart that receives blood from the veins: The heart of a bird or mammal has two auricles and two ventricles. (طب) أُذَيْنُ القَلبِ
2. outer part of the ear. صِوانٌ، الأذُنُ الظاهِرَة
auriferous yielding gold. مُنْتِجٌ ذهبًا، حَاوٍ ذَهبًا
aurora 1. dawn. فَجْرٌ، شُروقٌ
2. streamers or bands of light appearing in the sky at night. شَفَقٌ
aurora borealis [Latin] streamers or bands of light appearing in the northern sky at night; northern lights. الشَّفَقُ الشَّماليُّ، الأَضْواءُ القُطبيَّة الشَّماليَّة
auscultation 1. listening. تَسَمُّعٌ، استِماعٌ
2. listening to sounds within the human body to determine the condition of the heart or lungs: Doctors use a stethoscope for auscultation. (طب) تَسَمُّعٌ: إِصْغاءٌ لِمَعرِفَةِ حالَةِ القلب أَو الرِّئتيْن
austere 1. (of people) severe, self-controlled and serious: He always has an austere expression, and never smiles. قَاسٍ، صَارِم
2. (of conditions) hard and plain; without comfort or ornament: Some mountain people lead an austere existence. مُتَقَشِّف، خَشِن، بَسيط
authentic real; true: This is an authentic piece of ancient art, not a modern copy. أَصْلِيّ، حَقِيقِيّ
authenticate 1. establish the truth of; show to be valid or genuine. يُوَثِّق، يُحَقِّق، يُثْبِت أَصالةَ أو صِحَّة (شيء)
2. establish the authorship of; as, to authenticate an essay. يُثْبِت نِسْبَةَ مؤلَّفٍ إلى مؤلِّفِهِ
author a writer: Dickens was the author of many books. مُؤَلِّف، كَاتِب
authorities 1. officials of the government. سُلْطَاتٌ حاكمةٌ، سلطاتُ الحُكمِ، وُلاةُ الأُمور
2. persons in control. رِجالُ الحُكمِ أو الإدارَةِ
authority 1. the power to give orders or take action: I have no authority to sell my father’s house. سُلْطَة، سُلْطان
2. whoever has this power: The city authorities control the police. سُلْطَة، صَاحِب السُّلْطة
3. sb. with special knowledge: He is an authority on ancient Roman gods. حُجَّة، سَنَد، مَرْجع
authorization 1. authorizing. تَفْويضٌ، تَرخِيصٌ، تَخْويلٌ، إِجازة
2. legal right; sanction; warrant. حَقٌّ شَرعِيّ، تَصديقٌ (على)، بَراءَةُ تَفْويض
authorize to give official permission for; give power to act in some way: The city council has authorized the building of a new road. I authorized the man to act for me while I was away. يُفَوِّض، يَأذَن
autobiography the story of sb.’s life, written by himself. سِيرَة ذاتِيّة
autoclave strong, closed vessel used for sterilizing, cooking, etc. It develops superheated steam under pressure. (كيمياء) أُوتُوكلاف، مِحَمّ مُوصِدٌ، مِعْقامٌ بالبُخارِ المَضْغوط
autocracy 1. government having absolute power over its citizens. حكُومَةٌ أوتوقراطيّة (مُطْلَقةٌ)
2. absolute authority; unlimited power over a group. حُكْمٌ مُطْلَقٌ، حُكْمٌ استِبْدادِيٌّ
autocratic making others obey without considering their wishes. اسْتِبْداديّ، مُطْلَق
autograph the signed name of a (famous) person. اسْم أو تَوْقِيع شَخْص كَتَبَه بِنَفْسِه
automatic (1) 1. (of a machine) working by itself. ذَاتيّ الحَرَكة
2. (of a gun) one that goes on firing while the finger is pressed down. أُوتُومَاتيكيّ (مسدّس)
3. (of actions) done without thought: Our breathing is automatic. ذَاتِيّ، آلِيّ، تلْقَائيّ
automatic (2) a small automatic gun, for use in the hand. مُسَدَّس أُوتُومَاتِيكيّ
automaton 1. machine that has its motive power concealed: The man was selling little automatons in the shapes of different animals. آلة ذاتيّة الحركة
2. person or animal whose actions are purely mechanical. إنسان أو حيوان يعمل بطريقة آليّة
3. thing able to move itself. شيء قادِرٌ على الحركة الذاتيّة
automobile esp. AmE a car. سَيَّارَة
autonomous self-governing; independent. مُسْتَقِلٌّ بذاته، ذو حُكم ذاتيّ، مُستَقِلٌّ وظيفيًّا
autonomy self-government; independence. اسْتِقلالٌ ذاتيٌّ، حُكْمٌ ذاتيٌّ
autopsy medical examination of a dead body to find the cause of death. (طب) فَتحُ الجُثَّة، تَشْرِيحُ الجُثَّةِ لِمَعْرِفَةِ أَسْبابِ الوَفاةِ
autumn autumn BrE, fall AmE, the period of the year between summer and winter. فَصْل الخَرِيف
auxiliary (of armed forces, machines; of verbs like will, etc.) giving help; helping. مُسَاعِد، مُعَاوِن، إِضَافِيّ
avail (1) be of use or value; help; benefit: Talk will not avail without work. يُجْدي، يَنفَع، يَنْتَفِع (بِـ)، يُفيد، يَسْتَفيد (من)
avail (2) use; help; benefit. جَدْوَى، فائِدَةٌ، نَفْعٌ، اِنتفاعٌ
available which can be obtained, or is free for use: We need every available chair for our meeting. مُتَوَفِّر، مَوْجُود، مُتَاح، مُتَيَسِّر
avalanche a mass of snow slipping suddenly down a mountain. هَيْل أو اِنْهِيَار ثَلْجيّ
avenge to do sth. to punish sb. for the wrong he has done: They avenged their friend’s death by killing his murderer. يَنْتَقِم، يَثْأَر، يَقْتَصّ
avenue a road, esp. one with trees along each side. شَارِع عَريض مُشجَّر
average (1) 1. the middle value of a set of numbers: The average of 3, 4, and 8 is 5. مُتَوَسِّط، مُعَدَّل
2. the common level: His work is above average. مُتَوَسِّط
average (2) usual; neither good nor bad: He has an average singing voice. عَاديّ
average (3) to amount to as an average; be or do commonly: I average 20 miles a day in my car. يَعْمَل أو يَكُون بمُعَدّل...، يَعْمَل بِشَكْلٍ عَادِيّ
aversion 1. strong or fixed dislike; antipathy. جَفَاءٌ، نُفورٌ، كُرْه، مقتٌ
2. object of dislike. مَوضوعُ اشْمِئْزازٍ أو كراهيَة
3. unwillingness. اسْتِكراهٌ، مُمانَعَة
avert 1. to turn away (one’s eyes, etc.) يُشِيح بِبَصَرِه عَن
2. to avoid; prevent: His quick thinking averted an accident. يَتَجَنّب، يَتَفَادَى
aviation flying in aeroplanes. الطَّيَران، المِلَاحَة الجوّيّة
avocado also avocado pear a green tropical fruit with a large seed and smooth oily flesh. نَبات الأَُوكادو
avoid to keep away from: He avoids (meeting) me because he owes me money. يَتَجَنّب، يَتَحاشَى
avow declare frankly or openly; confess; admit; aknowledge. يُقِرّ، يَعْتَرِف بِـ، يُعلِن صَراحَةً، يُجاهِر
await to wait for: He is anxiously awaiting the results of his exam. يَنْتَظر، يَتَرَقَّب
awake (1) (p.t. awoke, awoken). to wake يَسْتَيْقِظ، يَصْحُو
awake (2) not asleep; in a waking condition: Strong coffee keeps me awake at night. مُسْتَيْقظ، صاحٍ
award (1) to give sth. officially, as a sign of good work: A silver cup was awarded to the winner. They awarded her a scholarship. يَمْنَح (جائِزَة، إلخ)
award (2) sth. that is awarded. جَائِزَة
aware having knowledge: I was not aware of his death (or that he was dead). وَاعٍ، مُدْرِك، دارٍ
away 1. at a distance: Brighton is 60 miles away. Keep away from the wet paint. بَعيدًا، على بُعْد
2. absent: My husband is away today. غائِب
3. (with verbs of movement) to a distance: Go away! We drove the dog away. بَعيدًا، مِن هُنا
4. continuously: The telephone was ringing away. بِلا انقِطَاع
5. (with verbs) to a smaller or weaker state: The logs had burnt away. The rope was worn away. (يَصيرُ) أَصْغر أو أَضْعَف، إلخ
6. right away; straight away. في الحَال
awe a feeling of fear, respect, and wonder: The villagers looked with awe at the building in the great city. هَيْبَة، رَهْبَة
awe-struck filled with awe. مُرتَاعٌ، مُفْزَعٌ
awesome 1. causing awe. مَهيبٌ، رَهِيبٌ، جَليل
2. showing awe; awed. مُرْتاعٌ، مُتَهيِّبٌ، مَدْهُوشٌ
awful 1. [infml.] very bad: I’ve got an awful pain. فَظيع، سَيِّئ جدًّا
2. causing awe. مُهِيب
awfully very: It’s awfully hot in here. She’s awfully pretty. جدًّا
awhile for a short time: Let’s wait awhile. هُنَيْهَة، لِفَتْرة قَصِيرَة
awkward 1. causing difficulty: an awkward bend in the road; an awkward man to deal with. صَعْب، عَسِر
2. (of manner or movement) showing difficulty; not skilful: He is too awkward on his feet to be a dancer. مُرْتَبِك، غَيْر لَبِق
awning a covering like a tent, over a doorway or window, etc., to keep off the sun. مِظَلَّة، ظُلَّة
awoke p.t. of awake.
axe a tool for cutting down. فَأس، بَلْطَة
axial 1. of an axis; forming an axis. مُكوِّنٌ مِحْورًا، مِحْوريٌّ
2. on or around an axis. دائِرٌ عَلى مِحْورٍ أو حَوْلَه
axis 1. imaginary or real line that passes through an object and about which the object turns or seems to turn: The earth’s axis passes through the North and South Poles. مِحْوَرُ الأرضِ
2. central or principal line around which parts are arranged regularly: The axis of a cone is the straight line joining its apex and the centre of its base. مِحْوَرٌ (هندسي)، مَدارٌ
3. central or principal structure extending lengthwise: The axis of the skeleton is the spinal column. The axis of a plant is the stem. مِحْوَرٌ، عَمُودُ الارْتِكاز
4. important line of relation; as, the Berlin-Rome axis. مِحْوَرٌ (في العلاقات الدّوليّة)، جَبْهَةٌ
axle a bar on which a wheel turns. مِحْوَر العَجَلة، جُزْع
aye (1) yes: Aye, aye, sir. The ayes were in the majority when the vote was taken. نَعَم، بَلَى، إِي (من أحرف الجواب)
aye (2) yes: Aye, aye, sir. The ayes were in the majority when the vote was taken. صَوتٌ إِيجابي (في اقتراع)
azalea 1. shrub with many showy flowers: Azaleas resemble rhododendrons, but usually are not evergreen. (نبات) صحراويَّةٌ، أَزاليَةٌ: جَنْبةٌ من فَصيلَةِ الخَلنجيَّاتِ
2. the flower. زَهْرةُ الأَزالِيَةِ
azure (1) 1. blue; sky blue. لَونٌ أَزْرَقُ سَماويّ (لازورديّ)
2. the blue sky. القبَّةُ الزّرْقاءُ
azure (2) blue; sky blue. أَزْرقُ سَماويّ، لازَوَرديٌّ