Al-Moufid (En/Ar)

Word Definition
A, a 1. n الحَرف الأَوَّل من حُروف الهِجاء الإنكليزية He knows the alphabet from A to Z. 2. art أَداة تنكير بمعنى واحِد I bought a book. 3. prep كُلَّ، في كُلّ An apple a day is good for you. A-1 مُمتاز We watched an A-1 programme.
A level المُستَوى المُتَقَدِّم (أو الأرقَى) He passed all his A level examinations.
aback إلى الوَراء He was pushed aback. taken aback فُوجِئَ، أُخِذَ على حِينِ غِرّة He was taken aback and did not know what to say.
abacus أَداةٌ للعَدِّ، مِعْداد
abandon 1. vt يَترُك، يَهجُر The captain was the last to abandon the sinking ship. 2. يَسْتَسلِمُ (لِـ)، يَسْترسِلُ (في) He abandoned himself to despair. aban·don·ment /əbˈændənmənt/ n تَرْك، هَجْر. اِستِرسال
abase يُحقِّر، يُخفِّضُ رُتبة The captain was abased because he did not follow the general’s orders. abase·ment /əbˈeismənt/ n تَحقير، تَخفيضُ الرُّتبة
abashed مُرْتبِك، مَخْجُول He was abashed at what he saw.
abate يُخفِّف، يُسكِّن، يُهدِّئ The medicine abated the pain. vi يَفْتُر، يَنْخفِض، يَهْدأ، يَنْحسِر He waited for the storm to abate.
abatement فُتُور، تَخفيف، اِنْخِفاض، اِنْحِسار
abbess رئيسةُ دَيْر The abbess was in charge of all the sisters.
abbey 1. دَيْر The priests met in an abbey. 2. كنيسةُ الدَّير We visited Westminster Abbey when we were in London.
abbot رئيسُ دَيْر The priest we knew became an abbot.
abbreviate يَخْتصِر، يُوجِز I abbreviated the word adjective to adj.
abbreviation اخْتِصار. شَكْل مُختصَر
ABC 1. أَلِفباء He knows his ABC. 2. مَبادئُ عِلمٍ أو فَنٍّ He learned the ABC of physics.
abdicate يَتنازلُ عن، يَعتزِلُ Why did the king abdicate his throne?
abdication تَنازُل عن، اِعتزال
abdomen بَطْن، جَوْف He has a sharp pain in his abdomen.
abdominal بَطْنيّ His abdominal pain was severe.
abduct يَخْطِف The child was abducted from his home. ab·duc·tion n خَطْف
abed في الفِراش
aberration اِنحراف The problem was caused by some aberration in the instruments.
abet يُحَرِّضُ (على الشَّرِّ)، يُساعِدُ (في عَمَلِ الشَّرِّ) He did not want to abet them in the burglary.
abeyance تَعليقٌ أَو تَعطيلٌ مُؤَقَّت، إيقافٌ مُؤَقَّت His appointment was held in abeyance until the new year.
abhor يَمقُت، يَكْرَهُ بِشِدَّة We abhor lies and deceit. ab·horrence n كَراهَة، اِشمئزاز
abide 1. يُطيق، يَتحمَّل I can’t abide that smell. 2. vi abide by يَلتزِمُ (بِـ)، يَتمسَّكُ (بِـ) He always abides by his word. 3. a·bide with يَمكُثُ، يَبقى مع Can you abide with him?
abiding دائم، مُستَديم، راسِخ She has an abiding fear of darkness.
ability 1. قُدرة، اِستِطاعة He has the ability to succeed. 2. كفاية، مَهارة، مَقْدِرَة، كفاءَة She is a woman of great ability.
abject 1. دَنيء، وَضِيع He was an abject coward. 2. تَعِيس، مُذِلّ He lived in abject poverty.
abjuration الوعدُ عَلنًا بالتخلِّي عن
abjure يُقسِمُ عَلنًا بالتخلِّي عن، يَرتَدُّ عن He abjured his beliefs.
ablaze 1. مُشتَعِل. مُسْتعِرًا The forest was ablaze after the lightning. 2. مُتَوهِّج The house was ablaze with lights.
able 1. قادِر He was able to help us. 2. قَدِير، بارِع He is an able speaker.
ably بِقُدْرةٍ، بِبَراعةٍ
abnormal غَيْر عاديّ، غَيْر طبيعيّ، شاذّ His behaviour is abnormal. ab·nor·mal·ity /æbnɔmˈæləti, -nɔrm-/ n شُذُوذ، حالَةٌ شاذَّة
aboard على ظَهْر (سفينةٍ)، على مَتْنِ (طائرةٍ أو قِطار) I saw her aboard the ship.
abode مَسْكَن، مأْوًى، مَنزِل The cave was their abode for a month.
abolish يُلغي، يُبْطِل We abolished the old rules.
abolition إلغاء
A-bomb قُنبُلة ذَرِّيَّة
abominable بَغِيض، كَرِيه، رديءٌ جِدًّا The food was abominable.
abominate يَكْره، يُبْغِض They abominate slavery.
abomination 1. كُرْه، بُغْض 2. شيءٌ كَرِيهٌ
aboriginal أَصليّ، خاصٌّ بأَهل البلاد الأَصليِّين These people are the aboriginal inhabitants of this land.
aborigines أَهلُ البلاد الأَصليُّون
abort 1. يُجْهِض، يُخْفِق، يَفْشَلُ. 2. يُنْهي أو يوقفُ قبل الإتمام They aborted the flight because of the storm. abor·tion n إجهاض، فَشَلٌ، إخفاق abor·tive adj عَقيم، فاشِل
abound يُوجَدُ بِغَزارةٍ، يَكْثُر Birds abound in that forest. abound in (or with) يَزْخَر، يَعجُّ (بِـ) The lake abounds in fish.
about 1. هُنا وهُناك He walked about in the dark before going to bed. 2. about to على وَشْكِ، يكادُ أَنْ He is about to leave us. 3. نَحْو، حَوَالى، تقريبًا I paid about two pounds for the present. prep عَنْ I heard about you from my friend.
above 1. فَوْق، مِن فَوْق I got the news from the neighbours above. 2. قَبْلُ، آنِفًا She read the example above. prep فَوْق The plane flew above the clouds. above all أَهَمّ مِن كلِّ شيء Above all, keep your eyes open. above-mentioned adj مذكورٌ آنِفًا
abreast جَنْبًا لِجَنْبٍ The soldiers walked four abreast across the bridge. to keep abreast يَتَمَشّى مع، يُجارِي He reads a lot to keep abreast of the times in politics.
abridge يَخْتَصِر، يُوجِز The writer abridged the novel. abridge·ment, abridgment n اِخْتِصار، مُوجَز
abridged مُخْتَصر، مُوجَز It took less time to read the abridged novel.
abroad 1. في الخارج My friend is studying abroad. 2. في كُلِّ مكان The news spread abroad very quickly.
abrogate يُلغي، يَضَعُ حَدًّا (لِـ) He abrogated the agreement.
abrogation إلغاء، نَقْض
abrupt 1. فُــجـــائــيّ، مُباغِت Her abrupt entrance surprised us. 2. جافٍ، فَظٌّ His ways with people are very abrupt. ab·rupt·ly adv فَجأَةً. بِجَفاءٍ؛ ab·rupt·ness n فَظَاظة، جَفاء. فُجاءة
abscess خُرَاج، دُمَّل The doctor examined the abscess on her thumb.
abscond يَهرُب، يَفِرُّ (تهرُّبًا من الملاحَقة)
absence 1. غِياب He received low marks because of his frequent absences from school. 2. فِقْدان، عَدَم وُجود We could not make sweets because of the absence of sugar.
absent غائب، مُتَغيِّب The teacher explained the lesson when I was absent. /əbsˈent/ vt يَتَغيَّب He absented himself from the meeting.
absentee غائِب، مُتَغيِّب؛ ab·sentee·ism n التَّغيُّب
absently ذاهلًا، مُنْصَرفُ الذِّهن He sat absently watching a game.
absent-minded ذاهِل، شارِدُ الذِّهن؛ ab·sent·mind·ed·ness n ذُهول، شُرود الذِّهن
absolute 1. مُطْلَق، كامِل، تامّ He was a man of absolute honesty. 2. مطلق، غير مُقَيَّد، غَيْرُ مَحدود A dictator has absolute power over his people. ab·so·lute·ly adv مُطْلَقًا، تمامًا، على الإطلاق
absolution غُفْران. حِلٌّ (من وَعدٍ أو مِيثاقٍ)
absolve يُحِلُّ (من وَعدٍ أو مِيثاقٍ) He absolved me from all my promises.
absorb يَمْتَصّ، يَتَشرَّب The cotton absorbed the blood.
absorbed in مُسْتَغْرِقٌ أو مُنْهمِكٌ في The artist is absorbed in his painting. ab·sorp·tion n اِمتِصاص، تَشرُّب. اِستِغراق، اِنْهِماك
absorbent مصَّاص، قادر على الامتصاص A sponge is very absorbent.
absorbing يَستغرق الذِّهن (لِمُتْعَتِه)، مُستحوذٌ على الاِنتباه She told us an absorbing story.
abstain يَمتَنِع، يُمْسِكُ عن He abstained from voting in the meeting. He abstained from smoking. ab·stain·er n مُمتَنِع، مُمْسِكٌ عن
abstemious مُعتدِل (في المأْكَل والمَشْرَب)
abstention اِمتِناع، إحْجام
abstinence اِمتناعٌ (عن المَلَذّات)، تَقَشُّف
abstract خُلاصة، ملخَّص. فِكرة تجريديَّة /ˈæbstrækt/ adj مَعنوِي، نَظرِيّ. تجريديّ /æbstrˈækt/ vt يلخِّص. يُجرِّد؛ in the ab·stract نظريًّا؛ ab·strac·tion n تجريد، قولٌ أو رسمٌ تجريديّ
abstruse صَعْبُ الفَهْم
absurd سَخيف، لا يَقْبَلُهُ العَقْلُ، يُضحِكُ لِسخَافَتِه She told us absurd stories.
absurdity سُخْف
Abu Dhabi أبو ظَبي
Abu Dhabian شَخْصٌ من أبو ظَبي adj ظَبّياني، من أبو ظَبي
abundance كَثْرة، وَفْرة The guests were offered food and drink in abundance.
abundant كثير، وافِر، وَفير The farm produced an abundant amount of wheat. abun·dant·ly adv بكَثرةٍ، بِوَفرةٍ
abuse 1. إساءةُ الاستِعمال His abuse of the money caused him great harm. 2. سَبٌّ، سِباب He pours his abuse for the slightest reason. /əbjˈuːz/ vt 3. يُسيءُ الاستعمالَ 4. يَسُبُّ، يَشتُم He abused his money and spent it carelessly.
abusive سَفِيهٌ، بَذِيءٌ His abusive language makes people dislike him.
abut يُتاخِم، يُحاذي
abyss هُوَّة سَحِيقة. هاوِية، جَهَنَّم
acacia سَنْط، أَقاقيا
academia العالَم الأكاديمي، عالم المعاهد والجامعات The professor’s work is in academia.
academic 1. دِراسيّ، أَكاديميّ The academic year started early. 2. نَظريّ The argument was academic. aca·demi·cally adv أَكاديميًّا؛ aca·demi·cian n أَكاديميٌّ، شَخصٌ أَكاديميٌّ
academy مَجْمَعٌ عِلْميّ. أَكاديمية، مَعْهدٌ عالٍ
accede 1. يُوافِق، يَقْبل I cannot accede to your request. 2. يَنضَمُّ إلى (اتفاقٍ أو مُعاهَدةٍ) 3. يَرتقي، يَتَبوّأُ مَنْصِبًا عاليًا
accelerate يُعجِّل، يُسرِّع، يزيدُ السُّرعةَ This device will accelerate the speed of the rocket. vi يتسارَعُ، يَزيدُ مِن سُرْعَتِهِ The driver accelerated in order to pass the other car.
acceleration تسارُع، تسريع، زيادةُ السُّرعة
accent 1. لَهْجة You can tell she is American from her accent. 2. نَبْرة In the word accent the accent is on the first syllable. vt /æksˈent/ يَنْبُر He accented the first syllable of the word accent.
accentuate 1. يَنبُر، يَلفِظُ بِنَبْرٍ He accentuated the wrong syllable. 2. يؤكِّدُ، يُبْرِزُ They tried to accentuate the matters that they were interested in.
accentuation نَبْر، وَضْعُ النَّبْر. توكيد
accept 1. يَقْبل، يَتَقَبَّل I accepted his offer. 2. يُوافِقُ (على)، يُسَلِّمُ (بِـ) I accept your story of what happened. ac·cept·able adj مقبول، مُرْضٍ؛ ac·cept·able to مقبولٌ لَدى Is the plan acceptable to everybody? ac·ceptance n قَبُولٌ، رِضًى
accepted مَقبول، مَرضيٌّ عنه The student’s poor work was not accepted.
access سَبيلُ أو وسيلةُ الوُصُول Do you have access to his own library? ac·cessibil·ity n إمكانيةُ الوُصول؛ ac·cess·ible adj سَهلُ المَنال، يُمكِنُ الوصولُ إليه
access provider مُتيح الاتصال بالإنترنت (بالشبكة الحاسوبية البَيْنيَّة) Our access provider helped us use our computer.
accessible مُنْفَتِح، سَهلٌ الوصول إليه The teacher was accessible to the students all day.
accession 1. اِرتِقاء The queen gave a speech upon her accession to the throne. 2. إضافة، زيادة، مُلْحَق Have you seen the new accessions to her jewels?
accessory مُلحَقٌ إضافيٌّ، مُساعِد
accident حادِثٌ (مُفاجئٌ أو عارِضٌ) There was a terrible car accident yesterday. by ac·ci·dent صِدْفةً، مُصادَفةً We met the guests by accident. ac·ci·dent·al adj عَرَضي، مُصادِف؛ ac·ci·dent·al·ly adv بطريقِ الصِّدفة، عَرَضًا
accident-prone عُرضةٌ للحوادث، كثير الإصابة بالحوادث He is always in trouble because he is accident-prone.
acclaim 1. يَهتِفُ ويصفِّقُ (لِـ) The people acclaimed their leader. 2. يُعلِنُ بالهُتاف They acclaimed him winner.
acclaimed يُعْتَرفُ له علَنًا She is acclaimed as an interesting speaker.
acclamation هُتافٌ وتصفيقٌ
acclimatization أَقْلَمَة، تأَقلُم
acclimatize يتأَقلمُ. يُؤقلِمُ She got acclimatized to the new conditions.
accommodate 1. يُزوِّدُ بوسائل الراحة، يَتَّسِعُ (لِـ)، يُؤوِي The hotel accommodated us very comfortably. 2. يوفِّقُ بَيْنَ، يُلائم، يُكيِّفُ We could not accommodate his ideas to ours.
accommodating مُجامِل، مُتعاوِنٌ بلُطف He is so accommodating that he accepted our suggestion.
accommodation 1. توفيق، مُلاءمة 2. تَزويدٌ بالمأْوى (أو بوسائل الراحة)
accompaniment مُصاحَبة، مُرافَقة
accompanist مُرافِقٌ (في الغناء أو العَزْف)
accompany يُرافِق، يَصطَحِب I accompanied my friend to the store.
accomplice شريكٌ في عَملٍ غَيْرِ قانُونيٍّ Both the thief and his accomplice were imprisoned.
accomplish يُنْجِزُ، يُتِمُّ، يُكمِّل He accomplished the job successfully. ac·com·plished adj بارع، حاذِق She is an accomplished artist. an accomplished fact أَمرٌ واقِعٌ، حقيقةٌ واقِعةٌ؛ ac·com·plish·ment n إنجاز، مأْثُرة. بَراعة
accord 1. موافَقة، وِفاق 2. اتِّفاق They signed an accord. vi يَنْسَجِمُ His actions do not accord with his words. vt يَمْنَحُ، يُعطي We accorded him great hospitality. of his own accord طَوَاعِيَةً. مِن تِلقاء نَفْسه He did it of his own accord. with one accord برأْيٍ واحدٍ إجماعيِّ They left the meeting with one accord.
accordance مُوافَقة، مُطابَقة؛ in accordance with بِحَسَبِ، وِفْقًا (لِـ) He acted in accordance with my desire.
according to وَفْقًا (لِـ)، حَسَبَ They worked according to the plan. ac·cord·ing·ly adv طِبقًا لِذلك، نتيجةً لذلك
accordion أَكُورْدِيُون: آلةٌ موسيقيةٌ
account 1. حِساب He has an account in my bank. 2. محاسَبة، حِسابات His accounts are always correct. 3. بَيان His account of what happened was true. account for يُعلِّل، يَشرحُ سَبَبَ Can you account for your absence on Monday? give an account يقدِّمُ بيانًا أو تقريرًا؛ of no account بِدُون أَهميَّة؛ on account of بِسبَبِ We stayed indoors on account of the rain. on my account مِن أَجْلي؛ on no account بتاتًا، مُطْلَقًا؛ take into account يَعتبِرُ، يُراعي؛ turn to good account يُحسِنُ استعمالَه
accountability مسؤولية
accountable مسؤول، يُمكِنُ تعليلُه؛ accountable to مسؤولٌ تِجاهَ A worker is always accountable to his master.
accountancy المُحاسَبَة
accountant مُحاسِب The account books were checked by the accountant.
accounts حسابات مَصْرِفيَّة The bank told us that our accounts are correct.
accredit 1. يُفوِّض He was accredited as his country’s representative. 2. يَعتمِد، يُجِيز The institution was accredited abroad. ac·cred·it·ation n تفويض، اِعتماد
accreditation إجازةُ اعتِمادٍ رسميَّة The university applied for its accreditation.
accrue يَحْصُل، يَتجمَّع Interest accrued on his savings account over the years.
accumulate يُجمِّع، يُكدِّس He worked hard to accumulate that fortune. vi يَتجمَّع، يَتراكَم Dust accumulated on the shelf. ac·cu·mu·la·tion n تجميع. تراكُم؛ accumulator n مِرْكَم، بطّارية حاشِدة
accuracy دِقَّة، ضَبْط، صِحَّة His accuracy in the work won him great praise.
accurate دقيق، مضبوط Her reports are always accurate. ac·cu·rate·ly adv بِدقَّة
accusation اِتِّهام، تُهمة
accuse يَتَّهِمُ She accused the man of stealing her money. ac·cused n, adj المتَّهَم، المُدَّعى عليه؛ ac·cus·er n المتَّهِم، المُدَّعي
accusing لَوميّ، اِتِّهامي He made some accusing remarks about his brother.
accustom يُعوِّد She accustomed herself to cold weather. ac·cus·tomed adj مُتعوِّد (على)، مُعتاد
ace 1. الآس: الواحدُ في وَرقِ اللَّعِب He drew an ace when they played cards. 2. طيار ماهِر The flying ace received a decoration from the general. within an ace of على قابِ قَوسيْن أو أَدنى مِن They were within an ace of scoring a goal when the referee blew the whistle.
ache أَلَم، وَجَع He has many aches in his body. vi يُوجِعُ، يُؤلِمُ My heart aches when I think of their misery. My tooth aches.
achieve يَحصلُ (على)، يُنْجِز، يُدرِك You can achieve all you desire if you work hard enough. achieve·ment n إنجاز، مأْثُرَة
acid حامِض The stomach produces some acids for digestion. adj حامِض، لاذِع؛ acid·ity n حُموضة
acknowledge 1. يُقِرُّ (بِـ)، يَعترِفُ (بِـ) I acknowledged my mistake. 2. يُشْعِرُ باستلام We acknowledged receipt of the letter. ac·knowl·edg(e)·ment n اعتراف، إقرار. إشعار بالاستلام
acne عُدٌّ، حَبُّ الصِّبا
acorn جَوزةُ البلُّوط، بَلُّوطة Great oaks grow from little acorns.
acoustic صوتيّ، سَمْعيّ؛ acoustics n عِلم الصوت، السَّمعيّات
acquaint يُعرِّفُ (بِـ)، يُطلِعُ (على) He acquainted me with the work.
acquaintance 1. أَحدُ المعارف He met one of my acquaintances. 2. معرفة، تَعرُّف My acquaintance with the subject is not very thorough.
acquainted مُلِمٌّ (بِـ)، مُطَّلِعٌ (على) She does not know many details, but she is acquainted with the subject.
acquiesce يوافِق، يَقْبَلُ، يُذعِن She acquiesced in the plans her mother had made for her. ac·qui·escence n مُوافقَة، قبول، إذعان؛ ac·qui·escent adj موافِق، قابِل
acquire يَكتسب، ينال، يَحصُل على They acquired that skill by hard work. ac·quire·ment n نَيْل، تحصيل، اِكتساب
acquisition 1. كَسْب، تحصيل His only aim is the acquisition of fame. 2. مُقْتَنًى، شيءٌ مُكْتَسَب This bicycle is my latest acquisition.
acquit يُبَرِّئُ The court acquitted him because there was nothing against him. to acquit oneself يقوم بما عليه Our soldiers acquitted themselves like heroes. ac·quit·tal n تبرئة
acre فَدَّان (حَوَالى 4 دُونمات) The farmer bought three acres of land for his new farm. acre·age n المساحة بالفدادين
acrid حِرِّيف، حادّ، لاذِع. مُرّ
acrimonious حادّ، عنيف، شَرِس
acrimony حِدَّة، جَفْوَةُ الطَّبْع
acrobat بَهْلَوان؛ ac·ro·bat·ic adj بَهْلَوانيّ؛ ac·ro·bat·ics n البهلَوانيّات
acronym أوائلية - كلمة مؤلّفة من الحروف الأولى لكلماتٍ أُخرى ELI is the acronym for English Language Institute.
across عَبْرَ They sailed across the river. adv مِن جانِبٍ إلى جانبٍ، عَرْضًا The field is almost a mile across. come across يلاقي، يُصادِف؛ go across يَعْبُر، يَقْطَع؛ run across يُصادِف
acrylic أكْريلي She wore an acrylic blouse.
act 1. فِعْل، صَنيع A man is judged by his acts, not his words. 2. فَصْل (في تمثيلية) The play was in three acts. vt يُمثِّل He acted his role very well. vi يؤثِّر، يَعمل، يَفْعَل The medicine did not act. act as يَعْمَلُ (كـ)؛ act for يَنُوبُ عن؛ act·ing n تمثيل
action 1. عَمَل، فِعل They were interested in action rather than words. 2. تصرُّف I did not like his action in class. 3. حركة The film we saw was full of action. 4. دعوى We took action against them in court. 5. قِتال، معركة Five soldiers were killed in action.
action-packed حافِلٌ بالأحداث The novel we read was action-packed.
activate يُنشِّط، يُحرِّض Heat activated the chemical reaction.
actively بنَشاطٍ وفعّاليَّة The teachers were actively engaged in school work.
activist ناشِطٌ نِضاليّ - اجتِماعيًّا أو سياسيًّا She is a social activist in her community.
activity 1. حركة، حيوية، فاعلية He is a person of great activity. 2. نشاط We have many activities in our school.
actor ممثِّل (مسرحيّ أو سينمائيّ) I liked the actors in the play.
actress ممثِّلة The actress was not as good as the actor in the play.
actual حقيقيّ، فِعليّ The actual facts we hear are sometimes hard to believe. ac·tu·al·ity n حقيقة، واقِع؛ actual·ize vt يُحَقِّق؛ ac·tu·al·ly adv حَقًّا، في الواقع
actuary خَبيرٌ بحساباتِ التأمين
acumen فِطنة، حِذْق، حِدَّةُ الذِّهن
acute 1. حادّ، مُرهَف، دقيق The dog has an acute sense of smell. 2. حادّ، خَطير The sick patient is in an acute situation. acute angle زاوية حادّة (أَقلّ من 90 درجة)؛ acute·ness n حِدَّة
acutely بِشِدَّة، بِحِدّة He is acutely interested in history.
A.D. (Anno Domini) (في سنة كذا) بَعْدَ الميلاد
ad (advertisement) إعلان We read the ad in the paper.
ad hoc مُهيَّأٌ لغرضٍ خاصٍّ We formed an ad hoc committee to discuss new ways of applying for membership.
ad infinitum إلى ما لا نهاية He went on and on in his talk ad infinitum.
ad interim في ذلك الوقت، في غُضون ذلك He was our secretary ad interim.
adage مَثَل، قَوْل مأْثُور He read us a famous adage.
adamant مادَّة شديدة الصَّلابة adj صُلْب، ثابِت، عنيد When he states his position, he is adamant.
adapt يكيِّف، يُهايئُ، يلائم He adapted himself to the new surroundings. This play is adapted for children. adapt·ab·il·ity n القدرة على التكييف أو التكيُّف؛ adapt·able adj قادِر على التكييف، متكيِّف؛ adapt·a·tion n تكييف. تكيُّف؛ adapt·er n مكيِّفٌ، مُهايئٌ
add 1. يُضِيف، يَزيد He added some water to the tea. 2. يَجْمَع When you add two and three you get five. add up to يَبْلُغ، يعطي نتيجة The money we spent on clothing added up to more than a thousand pounds.
addendum إضافة، مُلْحَق
adder 1. حيَّة، أَفعى 2. جامِع، مُضيف
addict مُدمِن He is a cigar addict. vt /ədˈikt/ يُدمِن He is addicted to smoking. ad·dic·tion n إدمان؛ ad·dic·tive adj إدمانيّ، مُسبِّب للإدمان
addicted مُدْمِنٌ (على) He is addicted to smoking.
addition 1. جَمْع He is learning addition and subtraction in school. 2. إضافة، زيادة In addition to all his problems, he lost his money yesterday. ad·di·tion·al adj إضافيّ
additive مُضاف، مادةُ إضافة Salt is sometimes used as an additive in foods.
add-on إضافة، مُلْحَق The new paragraph was used as an add-on to the story.
address 1. عُنوان I sent you a letter to the wrong address. 2. خِطاب، خُطبة The principal gave an excellent address to the students. vt 3. يُعَنْوِن We addressed all the envelopes. 4. يخاطِب، يَخطُبُ (في) He addressed us in English. address oneself to يَنكَبُّ، يُكِبُّ بجِدٍّ (على) She addressed herself to her work. ad·dress·ee n المرسَل إليه
adduce يُورِد، يقدِّم Can you adduce any good reason for this behaviour?
Aden عَدَن
adept خبير He is an adept in painting. adj ماهِر، بارِع Our carpenter is very adept at cutting wood.
adequacy كِفاية، وفاءٌ بالغرض
adequate كافٍ، وافٍ، ملائم That amount will be adequate for our needs. He proved to be adequate for the job. ad·equate·ly adv بما فيه الكفاية
adhere 1. يَتمسَّكُ، يَلتزِمُ We adhered to the rules all the time. 2. يَلتصِق، يَلْصَق The gum she was chewing adhered to her dress. ad·her·ence n اِلتصاق، اِلتزام؛ adher·ent n تابِع، مُناصِر، مُوالٍ
adhesion اِلتصاق
adhesive مُلصِق، لَصُوق adj دَبِق، مُلْصِق؛ ad·hes·ive tape شريط لاصِق
adieu وَدَاع They appreciated our adieus. interj وَداعًا! Adieu!
adjacent مُجاوِر، مُتاخِم My friend slept in a room adjacent to mine.
adjectival وَصْفيّ، نَعْتِيّ
adjective صِفَة، نَعْت In the sentence ‘He is a nice boy’, the word nice is the adjective.
adjoin يُجاوِر، يُتاخِم، يُحاذي His office adjoins his house. ad·join·ing adj مُجاوِر، مُحاذٍ
adjourn يَفُضُّ، يُرجئُ The chairman adjourned the meeting at 4:00 p.m. ad·journ·ment n فَضٌّ، إرجاء
adjudge يَحكُم، يَقضي (بِـ) The court adjudged him guilty of the crime.
adjunct 1. مساعِد He was appointed adjunct director. 2. صفة إضافية He used the words with a hat as an adjunct to man in the sentence.
adjust 1. يُصلِح، يُعَدِّل، يُسوِّي، يَضْبِط The father adjusted the seat for his child. 2. يكيِّف، يلائم I have finally adjusted myself to my new surroundings. ad·just·able adj قابِل للضبط أو التعديل؛ ad·just·ment n تصليح، تعديل، تَسوية
administer 1. يُصرِّف، يُدير The principal administers his school very well. 2. يُجري، يَتولّى، يُعطي The teacher administered the examination himself.
administration إدارة، إشراف إداريّ The administration of the company was in very poor hands.
administrative إداريّ، تنفيذيّ
administrator 1. مدير 2. إداريّ: شَخْص مُختصّ بالإدارة
admirable مُعجِب، يَبعث على الإعجاب، رائع The work he did was admirable.
admirably بطريقةٍ تستدعي الإعجاب He did his work admirably.
admiral فَريق أوّل بحري The admiral commanded the navy in the sea battle. ad·mi·ral·ty n قيادةُ القُوّات البَحْرِيّة
admiration إعجاب His work won our admiration.
admire يُعجَبُ (بِـ) I admired his courage. ad·mirer n مُعْجَب، مُحِبّ
admission 1. قَبُول He was not granted admission to the university because of his low marks. 2. دُخول. إدخال Their admission to the building is possible after 10:00 a.m. 3. اِعتراف، إقرار The honest boy made an admission of his mistake.
admit 1. يَقْبل She was admitted to the university. 2. يُدخِل، يَسمحُ بدُخول We admitted them into the building. 3. يَعترِف، يُقِرّ (بِـ) I admit I was wrong. 4. يُفسِحُ مَجالًا This law admits (of) no exceptions. ad·mit·tance n 5. قَبُول 6. دُخُول؛ ad·mit·tedly adv اعتِراف الجَميع، على نَحْو لا يُمكنُ إنكارُه
admonish يلُوم، ينبِّه، يُحذِّر The teacher admonished them for being careless.
admonition لَوْم، تنبيه
ado صَخَبٌ، ضَجَّة، جَعْجَعَة They created much ado about nothing.
adobe طِينُ اللَّبِن: طُوبٌ نيءٌ مُجفَّف بالشمس They lived in an adobe house.
adolescence مُراهَقَة، طَوْر المراهَقة Boys and girls need much attention during their adolescence.
adolescent مُراهِق A teenager is an adolescent. adj مُراهِق He was a problem during his adolescent years.
adopt 1. يَتبَنّى They adopted a beautiful baby last year. 2. يأْخذُ (بِـ)، يَتَّخِذ We often adopt the ideas and habits of the people around us. a·dop·tion n تَبَنٍّ، اتِّخاذ؛ a·dop·tive adj خاصٌّ بالتَّبنِّي
adorable يُحَبُّ، جَديرٌ بالحُبِّ أو العبادة، رائع He is an adorable child.
adoration هيام. إجلال، عِبادة
adore 1. يَعْشَقُ، يَهِيمُ (بِـ) I adore music. 2. يَعْبُدُ، يُجِلُّ Faithful people adore God.
adorn يُجمِّل، يُزيِّن، يُزَخْرِف They adorned the place with pictures. a·dornment n زينة، تجميل، تزيين
adrift مُنْساقٌ مع التيار، هائمٌ على غير هُدًى
adroit حاذِق، ماهر، لَبِق He is a very adroit artist. a·droit·ly adv بِحَذاقةٍ، بِمَهارةٍ؛ a·droit·ness n لَباقَة، حَذاقة، مَهارة
adulation مَدْح زائد، تَمَلُّق
adult بالِغ، راشِد He behaves like an adult, although he is young. a·dult·hood n البلوغ، الرُّشد
adulterate يَغِشُّ The milkman adulterated the milk by adding water to it.
adulteration غِشٌّ، زَغَلٌ
adulterer زانٍ، فاسِق
adulteress زانِيَةٌ
adultery زِنًا
advance 1. تقدُّم The army made a swift advance to the city. 2. سُلْفة The merchant received money advances from the bank. vt يَتقدَّمُ (بِـ)، يقدِّم The captain advanced his soldiers to the front line. vi يتقدَّم، يَرتقي He is advancing in his piano lessons. in advance مقدَّمًا، سَلَفًا I paid a month’s rent in advance. ad·vanced adj متقدِّم؛ ad·vancement n اِرتقاء، تقدُّم
advances تَوَدُّدات، مُبادَراتُ صَداقةٍ وتقارُب She considered his invitations as advances.
advantage 1. يَنتهِز، يَغْتَنِم We took advantage of the fine weather to play tennis. 2. يَستغِلُّ The shopkeeper took advantage of my ignorance and charged me too much. to have the advan·tage of يَتَمَيَّزُ بوضعٍ أَفضل He has had the advantage of a year’s study in London.
advent مَجِيء، قُدُوم Man made great progress with the advent of electricity. Ad·vent مَجِيءُ المسيح
adventure مُغامَرة، مُخاطَرة Our trip to the jungle was a dangerous adventure. ad·ven·turer n مغامِر
adventurous مُغامِر. خَطِر
adverb ظَرْفُ (زمانٍ أو مكان)، حالٌ (في النحو) Well, quickly and now are adverbs in English. ad·verb·ial adj ظَرْفيّ، حاليّ
adversary خَصْم، مُناوِئ I am trying to find some points to agree to with my adversaries.
adverse مُعاكِس، مُضادّ He always has an adverse reaction to our suggestions.
adversity شِدَّة، بَلاء، محنة He is very calm in adversity
advert إعلان (مُخْتَصَر لكلمة advertisement) vi /ædvˈəːt, -vˈəːrt/ يُشيرُ أو يُلمِّحُ (إلى) In his speech, he adverted to the security problem.
advertise يُعلِن، يَنشُر The merchant advertised his products on the radio. ad·ver·tise·ment /ədvˈəːtismənt, ˈædvərtaiz-/ n إعلان
advice 1. نَصِيحة (وبهذا المعنى لا تُجْمَعُ He followed my advice and studied hard for the examination. 2. إعلام، خَبَرٌ We received advices from the bank about our accounts.
advisable مُسْتَحْسَن
advise 1. يَنْصَح I advised my friend to work harder. 2. يُخْبِر، يُعْلِم The bank advised me that my account was low.
advisability صَوَابِيَّة، اِسْتِحْسانِيَّة
adviser, advisor مُرشِد، مُسْتَشار The club adviser went with his students on the trip. ad·vis·ory adj اِستشارِيّ
advocacy دِفاع (عن)، مُناصَرة، تأْييد
advocate 1. مُحامٍ The advocate defended the woman in court. 2. مؤيِّد، مُناصِر I am an advocate of freedom. 3. /ˈædvəkeit/ vt يُناصِر، يُؤيِّد Do you advocate equal pay for men and women?
aegis رعاية The whole project was under the aegis of the president.
aerate يُهوِّي، يُنقِّي بالهواء. يُغَوِّز، يُشبعُ بالهَواء Blood is aerated in the lungs.
aerial 1. جَوِّيّ، هوائيّ We had a lovely ride in an aerial railway. 2. غَيْر مادِّيّ Aerial things are not easy to describe. n هَوائيّ، سِلكُ الهوائي
aerodrome مَطار The plane landed safely at the aerodrome.
aerodynamic حَركي هوائي - مُتَحرِّكٌ عبر الهواء Jets are aerodynamic flyers.
aeronautics عِلم الطيران
aeroplane طائرة Our aeroplane landed one hour late. We went to Cairo by aeroplane (or in an aeroplane).
aerospace الفضاء الجوِّي - جوَّ الأرض والفضاء المحيط به The engineer took many aerospace courses.
aesthetic, esthetic جَمَاليّ The aesthetic standards of the Greeks are no less than those of today. aes·thet·ics, esthet·ics n عِلم الجَمال
AFAIK حَسْبَما أعلم، بقَدر ما أَعلم AFAIK is used in computer science to mean ‘As Far As I Know’.
afar بعيدًا I saw the ship coming from afar.
affability لُطْف، أُنْس
affable لطيف، أَنيس He is an affable and courteous gentleman.
affair 1. شأْن، أَمْر We have nothing to do with his personal affairs. 2. مَسأَلةٌ، حَدَثٌ When did this affair happen? 3. عَلاقة غرامية أو جنسية
affairs شؤون، أُمور The teachers discussed several school affairs.
affect 1. يؤَثِّر في I was able to affect her with my words. 2. يتصنَّع His manner is not natural؛ it is affected. af·fect·a·tion n تَصنُّع، شُعُور مُصْطَنَع
affection مَحَبَّة، شُعور وِدِّيّ The teacher treats her students with great affection. She has great affection for all of them. af·fection·ate adj حَنُون. مُحِبّ، وَدُود
affidavit شهادة خَطِّيَّة بِقَسَم
affiliate شريك، مُشْترِك He is our affiliate in the business. /əfˈilieit/ vt يَنضَمُّ أو يَنتسِبُ (إلى) He is affiliated with us in the club. The two companies are affiliated.
affiliation اِنتِساب، ترابُط، رابطة
affinity عَلاقة وطيدة، أُلْفة، اِنجِذاب
affirm يُؤكِّد He affirmed what he had said before. af·firm·ation n تأْكيد؛ af·firm·a·tive adj إيجابي، جازِم
affix مُلْحَقة حَرْفية، بادئة أو لاحِقة حَرْفية Un-, mis-, -ly, and -able are some of the English affixes. /əfˈiks/ vt يُلصِق، يَضعُ (خَتْمًا أو توقيعًا) He affixed his signature to the agreement. He affixed a stamp to the envelope.
afflict يُغِمُّ، يَبْتَلي (بِـ) It is not right to afflict your friend with your troubles. He is afflicted with rheumatism. af·flic·tion n غَمٌّ، بَلْوى
affluence وَفْرة، غِنًى، ثَراء The child was spoiled by his family’s affluence.
affluent رافِد: نُهَيْر أو مَجْرًى فرعيّ adj غنيّ، وفير They live in affluent circumstances.
afford 1. يَقْدِرُ على I cannot afford to buy such an expensive car. 2. يُقدِّم، يُعطي I afforded him some help.
affordable يُسْتَطاعُ شِراؤه The price of the car was too high to make it affordable.
afforest يُحَرِّج، يُشَجِّر The villagers afforested the hills around their village. af·for·est·a·tion n تَشْجِير، تَحْرِيج
affray شِجار، عِراك
affront إهانة vt يُهِين
afield بَعِيدًا He went too far afield and we lost him.
afire مُشْتَعِل The forest was afire.
aflame مُشتعِل، مُلْتَهِب The house was aflame.
afloat 1. عائم، طَافٍ The boat is afloat. 2. على ظَهْر سفينة The sailor’s work afloat is interesting. 3. مُنْتَشِر There is word afloat that you are leaving the country. adv عائمًا، غَيْر مديُون They borrowed money to keep business afloat.
afoot جارٍ، سارٍ There is a plan afoot to build a new school.
aforesaid مذكورٌ قَبْلًا
afraid 1. خائف The hunter was not afraid of the wild animals. Are you afraid to go alone? 2. آسِفٌ، خاشٍ، مُتأَسِّف I am afraid they won’t be able to come today. I am afraid I can’t help you.
afresh مَرَّةً أُخرى، مُجَدَّدًا Let us consider the problem afresh.
Africa أَفريقيا؛ Af·rican n, adj أَفريقيّ
African-American أمريكي إفريقي - أمريكي إفريقي الأصل
Afro-Caribbean كاريبي إفريقيّ
aft إلى المؤخَّرة The sailor moved fore and aft on his ship.
after 1. بَعْدَ ذلك، فيما بَعْدُ She left on Monday and returned two days after. 2. نتيجةً (لِـ) He won’t be happy after what he did. prep 3. بَعْدَ I shall leave after dinner. My name comes after his. 4. وراءَ، في إثْرِ Please close the door after you. 5. أُسْوَةً (بِـ)، بِاُسْمِ He was called Ali after his grandfather. after all ومع ذلك، رغمًا عن كل شيء؛ after-effect n تأْثيرٌ لاحِق؛ after·math n نتيجة (خاصة لحادث)؛ be after يلاحِق؛ take after vt يُشْبِه
afterlife الحياةُ الآخِرةُ
afternoon بَعْدَ الظُّهر They arrived in the afternoon. They took the afternoon train here.
aftershave غَسول أو كريم ما بعد الحِلاقة He uses an aftershave that has a nice smell.
aftertaste مَذاقٌ تِلْويّ - يبقى في الفَم I liked the aftertaste of the cake.
afterthought فِكرة تِلْويَّة - تُستدرك في ما بَعد His new plan was an afterthought.
afterwards بَعْدئذٍ، فيما بَعْدُ I shall not be at the party, but I can see you afterwards.
again 1. مَرَّةً أُخرى Don’t do that again. 2. بالإضافة إلى ذلك Then again, you have no experience in this kind of business. again and again تكرارًا، مَرَّةً تِلْوَ الأُخرى؛ now and again أَحيانًا
against 1. ضِدَّ He was against the idea because it did not suit him. The boat sailed against the wind. 2. مُقابِلَ، لِقاءَ He gave me some money against the goods he received. 3. على He was leaning against the wall. The rain beats against the windows.
agape فاغِرُ الفَمِ دَهْشَةً
agate عَقِيق She has an agate ring.
age 1. عُمْر، سِنّ She looks younger than her age. 2. عَصْر Life was very simple in the Stone Age. vt يُهْرِمُ، يُشِيخُ Hard work and worries aged him. aged adj 3. /eidʒd/ لهُ من العُمر، عُمرهُ He left a male child aged ten. 4. /ˈeidʒid/ كبيرُ السِّنّ، مُعَمَّر The sick and the aged need our help. age·ing, aging vt يُعتِّق، يُعَمِّر؛ age·less adj أَبديّ؛ come of age بَلَغَ سِنَّ الرُّشْد for ages لمدَّةٍ طويلةٍ
age group فِئةُ العُمر - زُمرة مَواليد فترةٍ مُعَيَّنة She is too young to be in our age group.
ageing, aging يُعَتِّق - يُنْضِج بالتعتيق The merchant was ageing his wines. adj مُتَقدِّمٌ في العُمر، هَرِم The ageing people were given special attention.
agency 1. وَكالة The news agency had their office in a new building. 2. قُوَّة فاعِلة Iron is melted by the agency of heat. 3. وَساطة We agreed together as a result of their agency.
agenda جَدْوَلُ أَعمالٍ They approved all the points on the agenda at the beginning of the meeting.
agent 1. وَكيل، عَميل The insurance agent sold me a new policy. 2. عامِل Sunshine is a necessary agent for the growth of plants. free agent شَخصٌ حُرُّ التصرُّف
ages أزمِنة - فتراتٌ طويلَة We have known them for ages.
aggrandize يُعظِّم، يُكَبِّر؛ ag·gran·dize·ment /əgrˈændiʒmənt, əgrəndˈaiz-/ n تعظيم، تكبير He is ready to do anything for his own personal aggrandizement.
aggravate يُفاقِمُ، يَجعلُه أَسوأَ أو أَخْطَرَ His cough was aggravated by his smoking.
aggravating مُتَفاقِم. مُفاقِم
aggravation تَفاقُم، زيادةُ الخطورة
aggregate مجموع He could not figure out the aggregate amount he had to pay. /ˈægrəgeit/ vt يُكَتِّلُ، يَجْمَعُ؛ in the ag·gregate كَمجموعٍ، إجمالًا
aggression اِعتداء، عُدوان Aggression often leads to war.
aggressive 1. اِعتدائيّ، مُعْتدٍ، عُدوانيّ An aggressive person is always likely to start a fight. 2. قويُّ المبادَرة، لا يأْبَهُ بالمقاومة A successful salesman should be aggressive. aggres·sive·ly adv بطريقةٍ عدوانيةٍ، بِجُرأَةِ المغامر؛ agres·sive·ness n قوةُ المبادرة أو المبادأَة، عُدوانية
aggressor مُعْتَدٍ، مُبادِئٌ بالعُدوان
aggrieve 1. يُحْزِن، يُكدِّر He was aggrieved by their behaviour. 2. يَظْلِمُ، يُسيءُ (إلى) He felt himself much aggrieved.
aghast خائف، مُندهِش When he heard the news, he stood aghast.
agile نشيط، خفيف الحركة He looked as agile as a monkey.
agitate 1. يُحَرِّك، يَرُجّ He agitated the medicine. 2. يُهيِّج، يُثير، يُقْلِق His words agitated us. 3. يُثير حملة لأجل They agitated for a change in the taxation laws.
agitated مُضطرب، مُهتاج His fear made him act in an agitated manner.
agitation 1. تَحريك، إثارة 2. هِياج، اِضْطِراب She walked away in great agitation.
agitator مُثير، مُهَيِّج، مُشاغِب They did not allow him to speak because he is a real agitator.
aglow 1. مُتوهِّج The room was aglow with the lights. 2. مُتأَلِّق His face was aglow with happiness.
agnostic لا أَدْرِيّ: شخصٌ يؤْمِنُ بأَنَّ كلَّ شيءٍ يختصُّ بالله لا يُمكِنُ أَنْ يُعْرَف That philosopher is an agnostic. adj لا أَدْري المُعْتَقَد
ago مُنْذُ، قَبْل Our friends left a few minutes ago.
agonize يَتعذَّبُ قَلقًا He agonizes over every decision he has to make. vt يُؤْلم، يُعذِّب The soldiers agonized the prisoner in many ways.
agonizing مُؤلم، مُمِضّ Not to join us was an agonizing decision for her.
agony عَذاب، أَلَمٌ مُبَرِّحٌ The patient was in agony. agony column عَمُود المعذَّبين أو المتألمين (في جريدة)
agony aunt مُحَرِّرةُ المشاكل الشخصية (في صحيفةٍ أو مَجلّة) I read an interesting suggestion by an agony aunt in the newspaper.
agrarian زراعيّ
agree 1. يُوافِقُ مَعَ، يَتَوافَقُ مع Your story agrees with his except in minor details. 2. يُناسِبُ صِحِّيًّا The same food does not agree with every person. a·gree·able adj 3. مَقبول 4. مُوافق، مُلائم
agreement 1. اِتِّفاقية Both parties signed the agreement. 2. اتِّفاق، موافَقة We are in agreement with each other. There is no agreement about what should be done next.
agricultural زراعيّ
agriculture زراعة My friend is studying agriculture in the university because he has a farm.
aground جانِحٌ أَرضًا، مُرتطِم بالأَرض None of the passengers was hurt when the ship went aground.
ah آه
A.H. بَعْدَ الهِجْرة
ahead 1. قُدّام، سابِق This boy is ahead of all the students in class. 2. أَمامًا، إلى الأَمام The army moved ahead at all points. go ahead يُكْمِلُ، يتابِعُ؛ look ahead يُفَكِّر للمستقبَل
ahem إ حِ مْ (نَحْنَحَةٌ لِجَلْبِ الانتِباه)
ahoy أَهُوْيّ (تحيةُ أو صَرْخَةُ البحّار)
aid مساعَدة، عَوْن، إسعاف The old man was given some aid in crossing the street. vt يساعِد، يُسعِف He aided me in carrying the load. audio·visual aids المُعِيناتُ السَّمعيةُ والبَصَرية؛ first aid الإسعاف الأَوَّلي
aide مُساعِد ضابِط. مساعِد، معاوِن The general took his aides with him. aide-de-camp مُعاون أو مُرافق (ضابطٍ عسكري) aide-mémoire مُذَكِّرة مُساعدة، مُفكِّرة
AIDS, aids = اختصار acquired immune deficiency syndrome الإيدْز، السِّيدا - مُتلازمةُ نقص المَناعة المكتسَب Doctors are working on cures for AIDS.
ail يُمرِض، يؤلم I know something is ailing him. What ails you? ail·ment n عِلَّة، مَرَض
aim 1. هَدَف، قَصْد The merchant’s aim was to become rich. 2. تصويب، تسديد He took good aim before he fired. vi 3. يَهدِفُ (إلى) We should always aim at perfection. 4. يُصوِّب، يُسدِّد The soldiers aimed at the targets. aim·less adj بِدُونِ هَدَفٍ؛ aim·less·ly adv بدُونِ هَدَفٍ
ain’t = am not؛ are not؛ is not؛ has not؛ have not: It ain’t good to tell lies. We ain’t seen him for months.
air 1. هَواء He opened the window to get some fresh air. 2. جَوّ They travelled by air to Canada. 3. مَظْهَر، سِيماء The director puts on an air of importance. The house has an air of comfort. vt يُهَوِّي They could have aired the room. air condi·tion·er n مُكيِّف الهواء؛ air con·di·tionning n تكييفُ الهواء؛ air·cooled adj مُبرَّد بالهواء؛ air·craft n طائرة؛ air·drome n مطار؛ air·force n سِلاح الطيران؛ air·hostess n (مُضيفة جَوِيَّة في الطائرة)؛ air·less adj بدون هواء؛ air·line n شركة طيران؛ air·liner n طائرة ركاب؛ air·mail n بريد جوّي؛ air·man n طَيّار؛ air raid n غارة جوية؛ air·tight adj سَدُود للهواء clear the air يُنقِّي الجَوَّ؛ give oneself airs يتصنَّعُ العَظَمةَ؛ in the air 4. شائع، يَتَناقلُهُ النّاسُ 5. لا أَساسَ له، غَيْرُ مؤكَّدٍ؛ off the air مُتَوقِّفٌ عن البَثِّ؛ on the air على الهواء، يبثّ إذاعة؛ put on airs يتظاهر بالعظَمَة
airbag كيسُ الهواء (لحماية الركَّاب في السيارة في حال حدوث حادث) The airbags in the car saved their lives when the accident happened.
airborne منقولٌ جَوًّا، مُجَوْقَل
airfare أُجرة السَّفر جَوًّا They travelled by bus because the airfare was too high for them.
airlift نَقْلٌ جَوِّيّ There was an airlift of blankets to the people caught in the snow storm.
airport مَطار Aeroplanes take off and land at the airport.
airspace فَضاءٌ جَوِّي، مَجالٌ جَوِّي The pilot flew over German airspace on his way from France to Poland.
airstrike قصفٌ جوِّي، غارة جَوِّيَّة Heavy bombs were used in the airstrike.
aisle مَمْشًى، مَمَرّ He walked down the aisle very slowly to find his seat.
ajar مفتوحٌ جُزئيًّا The door was ajar.
aka اخِتصار: المَعروفُ أيضًا بِـ John, aka also known as Jojo, has arrived.
akin شبيه، مُماثِل، قريب Telling lies is akin to cheating.
alabaster مَرْمَر، هَيْصَم
alacrity خِفَّة، رَشاقَة، استِعدادٌ فَرِحٌ
alarm 1. تنبيه، إنذار، إشارةُ خَطَر He ran to his post when the alarm was given. 2. رُعب، خَوْف، فَزَع The news caused us great alarm. vt يُرعِب، يُخِيف The noise of the shot alarmed her. alarm clock n ساعة مُنبِّهة، مُنبِّه I shall set the alarm clock for six o’clock. alarm·ing adjمُرعِب، مُخيف. vt يُرعِب، يُفْزِع. يُثير القلق والانزعاج The news of the accident alarmed us.
alarmed مَرْعوب، مُنزعِج We were alarmed by the news.
alas واأَسَفاه، واحَسْرَتَاه
albatross قطْرَس: طَيْرٌ بَحْريٌّ
albeit مَعَ أَنَّ، رُغْمًا عَنْ
albino أَمْهَقُ: أَبيضُ الشَّعر والبَشَرة
album 1. أَلْبُوم: مُجَلَّد لحِفظ الطَّوابِع أو الصُّوَر He arranged the pictures in an album. 2. مجموعة مُسجَّلة He has a good set of music albums.
alchemist خِيميائيّ: مُختصٌّ بالكيمياء القديمة
alcohol 1. كُحول، غَوْل The doctor used alcohol to clean the wound. 2. مشروب كُحوليّ Too much alcohol is bad for the health. al·cohol·ic n سِكّير adj خَمْرِيّ
alcove طاقٌ: فَجْوَة بجانب غرفة لمقعد أو سرير
alder جارُ الماء، حَوْرة روميَّة
alderman عُضْو مجلس المدينة
ale جِعَة، بِيرة فاتحة اللون
alert حَذَر، تَيقُّظ In times of danger, we must be on the alert. adj واعٍ. مُتَيَقِّظ، مُتَنبِّه My friend is always alert in class. vt يُنبِّه، يُنذِر I alerted him to the danger ahead. a·lert·ly adv بِحَذَرٍ؛ a·lert·ness n تَيقُّظ، يَقَظَة
alfresco في الخارج، في الهواء الطَّلْق We had an alfresco party. adv في الخارج، في الهواء الطَّلْق We held the party alfresco.
algebra عِلْم الجَبْر، الجَبْر He is studying algebra at school. al·ge·bra·ic adj جَبْرِيّ؛ al·ge·bra·ic·ally adv بطريقةٍ جَبرية
Algeria الجَزائر
Algerian جَزائريّ
alias اِسمٌ مُسْتَعارٌ
alibi عُذْر، اِدِّعاء الوجود في غير مكان الجريمة The accused could not prove an alibi. What is your alibi for being late this time?
alien غريب، أَجنبيّ، دَخيل Our government treats all the aliens in the country very well. adj مُخالِف، مُغايِر His ideas are quite alien to my way of thinking. alien·ate vt يُبعِدُ، يُنَفِّر His behaviour alienated some of his closest friends. alien·a·tion n تَنْفير، إبعاد
alight 1. يَتَرَجَّل، يَنزِل (من سيارة أو قطار) He alighted from his horse. 2. يَحُطُّ The birds alighted on a branch. 3. يُصادِف We alighted on our friends in the new store.
align 1. يَصُفُّ، يُنَظِّمُ في خطٍّ مُستقيم The children aligned their blocks. 2. يَصُفُّ، يَنْحاز We aligned ourselves with the majority. alignment n 3. مُحاذاة 4. صَفٌّ
alike مُتَشابِه، مُتَماثِل The two brothers were very much alike. adv بطريقةٍ مُتَشابِهةٍ، على السَّواء The teacher dealt with all the students alike.
alimony نَفَقَةُ الزوجة المطلَّقة
alive 1. حَيّ The fish was alive when the boy threw it back into the water. 2. مُدرِك، واعٍ He was alive to the problems facing him. 3. نشيط Although old, he looks very much alive. 4. زاخِر، مَليءٌ (بِـ)، حافِلٌ (بِـ) The library is alive with students.
alkali قِلْيٌ، قالي
alkaline قِلويّ، قاعِديّ
all 1. كُلُّ، جَميعُ All the guests arrived on time. 2. كُلَّ I dislike all dogs. adv تَمامًا Their heads were all bare. all alone وَحْدَهُ؛ all a·long مُنذُ البِداية؛ all but كُلُّ شيءٍ إلّا؛ all for مُناصِرٌ قَلْبًا وقالَبًا، مؤيِّدٌ (لِـ)؛ all in 3. مَنْهوكُ القُوى After 8 hours of work at the office, I am all in. 4. شامِلًا كُلَّ شيءٍ The trip will cost 50 dollars per person, all in. all in all الكُلُّ في الكُلِّ، إجمالًا؛ all over 5. اِنتهى 6. في كُلِّ ناحيةٍ من؛ all right طيِّب، حَسَن، حَسَنًا. لا بأْس، سائرٌ في الاتِّجاه الصحيح؛ all the same مع هذا، ومع ذلك It rained, but we enjoyed ourselves all the same. all told باحتِسابِ الجميعِ، ما مجموعُه A lot of people came to the party - over a hundred, all told. after all رُغْمًا عن كل شيء، ومع ذلك He is not a bad fellow after all. at all على الإطلاق، أَبَدًا؛ for all رُغْمًا عَنْ For all his strength, he could not lift the bag.
Allah الله
allay يُهدِّئُ، يُخفِّفُ، يُلطِّف He allayed our fears by his soft words.
allegation زَعْم، اِدِّعاء
allege يَدَّعي، يَزْعُم He alleged that he had been away during the trouble. al·leged adj مَزعُوم
allegiance وَلاء، إخلاص He was promoted because of his allegiance to the president.
allegoric رَمزيّ، مَجازِيّ؛ alle·go·ric·al adj رمزيّ، مَجازيّ
allegory رمْز، مجاز. قِصَّةٌ أو قصيدة أو صورة رمزية
allegro قطعة موسيقية سريعة
allergic استهدافيّ، شديد الحساسية (لِـ) He is allergic to dust.
allergy حَساسِيَة، استهداف، أَرْجِيَّة He suffers from a bad allergy.
alleviate يُخفِّف، يلطِّف He tried to alleviate the pain by applying ice.
alleviation تخفيف، تلطيف
alley 1. زُقاق، طريق ضَيِّق He walked up an alley. 2. مَمْشًى، مَمَرٌّ The garden alley was nicely decorated with flowers. blind al·ley رَدْب: زُقاق مسدود أو غير نافِذ
alliance 1. حِلْف، رابِطة The two countries formed an alliance against their enemy. 2. تحالُف We managed to do the work in alliance with each other.
allied مُتَحالِف، حَلِيف The allied forces won the war.
alligator تِمساح أَمريكيّ؛ al·li·ga·tor pear n أَڤوكادُو، أَڤُوكاتَة
alliteration جِناسٌ استِهلاليٌّ: إعادة صوتٍ أو حَرْف مُتَجانِس في بداية كلمتين أو أكثر ‘Round the rocks runs the river’ is an example of alliteration.
allocate يُعيِّن، يُخصِّص He allocated the rough duties to the scouts. This piece of land has been allocated for building a new school.
allocation توزيع، تعيين، تخصيص The allocation of the various positions is the leader’s responsibility.
allot 1. يُعيِّن، يُخصِّص He allotted a great amount of money for social work. 2. يُوزِّع، يُوزِّعُ حِصَصًا The company allotted the profits at the end of the year. al·lot·ment n 3. تخصيص، تَحْصيص 4. حِصَّة
all-out بِكامل الإمكانات، بجميع ما في الطاقة She put an all-out effort to give a good speech.
allow 1. يَسْمَحُ، يُبيحُ The teacher allowed the student to leave the classroom. 2. يَهَبُ، يَتَسامَحُ (بِـ) The boss allowed the workers the day off. 3. يَحْسِم The merchant allowed 10% off. allow for يَحْسبُ حِسابَ al·low·able adj مسموح؛ al·low·ance n 4. تسامُح 5. مُراعاة 6. عَلاوة، مُخَصَّصات
alloy أُشابة، سَبِيكة، خليط مَعدِنيّ
allude يُلَمِّح، يُشِير He alluded to our recent conversation.
allure 1. يُغْرِي 2. يَسْحَر، يَفْتِن She allured her guests with her kindness. al·lure·ment n شيءٌ مُغْرٍ، إغراء Some people hate big cities because of the allurements they find there.
allusion تلميح، إشارة غير مباشِرة I did not like his allusion to last year’s events.
ally حَلِيف All the allies fought together in the war. vt /əlˈai/ يُحالِفُ، يَتحالَف (مع) We allied ourselves with them to form a strong block.
alma mater 1. المدرسة أو الجامعة التي تعلَّم فيها الشخص 2. نشيد المدرسة أو الجامعة
almanac تقويم، زِيج، رُوزْنامة
Almighty القدير، القادر على كل شيء
almond 1. لوزة He likes to eat almonds with his ice cream. 2. شجرة لَوْز Almonds blossom early in spring.
almost تقريبًا He almost missed the train.
alms صَدَقَة، صَدَقات، زكاة Do you give alms to the poor? alms·house n تَكِيَّة، بيت إحسان، ملجأُ الفقراء
aloft عاليًا The flag flew aloft.
alone 1. وحيد، مُنفرِد He is alone in the room. 2. فَقَطْ Man shall not live by bread alone. adv مُنفرِدًا، وَحْدَهُ، بمفرده He likes to stay alone. leave alone يَدَعُه وَشَأْنَه؛ let alone فضلًا عن، ناهِيكَ عَن It took me a week to write the report, let alone the time I spent collecting the information.
along 1. بِصُحْبَةِ، مُرافِقًا My friend came along with his sister to visit us. 2. إلى الأَمام We moved along in a straight line. prep 3. على طُولِ We planted trees along the road. 4. طول all along جنبًا إلى جنبٍ مع alongside adv إلى جانِب، بِمُحاذاةِ come along هَلُمَّ get along with يَسْلُكُ، يَسيرُ (مع)، يَنسجمُ (مع)، يَذهبُ (بِـ)
aloof مُبتعِد، مُجافٍ He is always aloof. adv مُنفرِدًا He remained aloof.
aloud بصوتٍ عالٍ Silent reading is faster than reading aloud.
alpha 1. أَلْفا: الحرف الأَول من الأَبجدية اليونانية 2. البداية؛ alpha and omega البداية والنهاية
alphabet الأَبجدية، حروف الهجاء The child knows the English alphabet very well. al·pha·bet·ic·al adj هِجائيّ، أَلِفبائيّ؛ alpha·bet·ic·ally adv بالترتيب الأَلفبائيّ
alpine شاهِق. مُختصٌّ بجبال الأَلْب أو شبيهٌ بها
already سَبَقَ أَنْ، مُسْبَقًا، مِن قَبْلُ. قَبْلًا. كانَ قَدْ He was already in the room when you came.
alright لا بأس (بمعنى الموافقة) They said it was alright to open the windows.
also 1. أَيضًا He also wanted to study English. 2. بالإضافة Also he is a good man. not only ... but also لَيْسَ... فَحَسْبُ بَلْ أَيضًا
altar مَذْبح: القِسم الأماميّ في الكنيسة The priest stood at the altar and prayed.
alter يُغيِّر، يُبدِّل، يُعدِّل He altered his speech to suit the occasion. al·terable adj قابِلٌ للتَّغيير؛ al·ter·a·tion n تغيير، تعديل
alter ego صديقٌ حَمِيمٌ
alternate مُتَعاقِبٌ، غَبًّا، مُتَناوِب They used to work on alternate days. /ˈɔltəneit, -tər-/ vt يُعاقِب، يُناوِب Farmers usually alternate their crops. vi يَتناوب، يتعاقب يتبادل Day and night alternate with each other. al·ter·nate·ly adv بالتناوُب، بالتَّعاقُب
alternation تَعاقُب، تَناوُب
alternative 1. خِيار Must we go with them or do we have an alternative? 2. بَديل We would prefer any other alternative. adj خِياريّ، تَخْيِيريّ The problem had two alternative solutions. al·terna·tive·ly adv كَبديلٍ. تَخْييريًّا
although, altho مع أَنَّ They played outside although it was cold.
altitude عُلُوّ، اِرتفاع The plane flew at a very high altitude.
alto الأَلْتو (في الصوت الغِنائيّ) The altos sang alone for a time.
altogether 1. تمامًا، كُلِّيًّةً The concert was not altogether bad. 2. إجمالًا، على وَجْه الأجمال Altogether, we had a very nice time.
altruism الغَيْريَّة، الإيثار: مَبدأُ حُبِّ الغير والتفكير بالغير قَبْلَ النَّفْس
altruist غَيْريّ، إيثاريّ:شخصٌ يُحبُّ الغير أكثرَ مِن نَفْسه؛ al·tru·ist·ic adj إيثاريّ، غَيْريّ، مُحبٌّ للغير
aluminium الأَلُومِنْيوم
alumna خِرِّيجة، مُتَخرِّجة من جامعة أو كلية She is an alumna of the Beirut University College. alumnae as·so·ci·a·tion n جمعية مُتخرِّجات
alumnus خِرِّيج، مُتخرِّج من جامعة أو كلية He is an alumnus of the University of Michigan. alum·ni as·so·ci·a·tion n جمعية مُتَخَرِّجِين؛ alum·ni club n نادي مُتَخَرِّجِين
always دائمًا، على الدَّوام My brother always arrives before me.
A.M., a.m. ante meridiem. ق.ظ. (قَبْلَ الظُّهر)
amalgam 1. مَزِيج 2. مُلْغَم: مَزِيجُ فِلِزٍّ بالزئبق
amalgamate 1. يُمَلْغِمُ: يَمزجُ أو يَخلِطُ بالزئبق The scientist amalgamated the metals. 2. يُوحِّد، يُدْمِجُ The directors amalgamated the two companies.
amalgamation 1. مَلْغَمة. تَمَلْغُم 2. توحيد، إدماج
amass يَجْمَعُ، يُكَدِّس The merchant amassed great wealth in the last few years.
amateur هاوٍ، غَيْرُ مُحترِف He is an amateur tennis player. am·a·teur·ish adj هاوٍ، غَيْرُ مُحترِف
amaze يُدهِش، يُذْهِل The great number of people attending the lecture amazed me. amaze·ment n دَهْشَة، اِنْدهاش، ذُهُول
amazing مُدهِش، مُذهِل؛ amaz·ing·ly adv باندِهاشٍ
ambassador سفير The ambassador presented his credentials to the president. am·bas·sa·dor·ial adj متعلِّقٌ بسفيرٍ
amber كَهْرَمان She has an amber necklace.
ambidextrous أَضْبَطُ: يَعملُ بكِلْتا يَدَيْه. أعسَرُ يَسَر He used his left hand so often that he is now ambidextrous.
ambiguity غُموض، إبهام The ambiguity of the expressions made the speech difficult to understand.
ambiguous غامِض، مُبْهَم We could not understand his speech because he used ambiguous words. am·big·u·ous·ly adv بِغُموض، بطريقة مُبْهَمَة؛ am·big·u·ousness n غُموض
ambition طُموح He reached high positions because of his ambition.
ambitious طَمُوح، بَعيدُ المَطْمَح He works hard because he is ambitious. Ambitious attempts can be very dangerous. ambi·tious·ly adv بطُموح
amble مَشْيٌ مُتَمَهِّل vi يَمشي مُتَمَهِّلًا
ambulance سيارةُ إسعاف The police called for an ambulance to take the injured person to (the) hospital.
ambush كَمِين The robbers were caught in the ambush. vt يَكْمُنُ (لِـ)، يُهاجِمُ مِن مَكْمَن The soldiers ambushed the suspected car.
ameliorate يُحسِّنُ، يُصلِحُ
amelioration إصلاح، تَحسُّن، تحسين
amen آمين
amenable 1. مِطواع، سَهْل الانقياد، يَخْضَعُ أو يستجيب (لِـ) He is amenable to reason. 2. مسؤول The students are amenable to the school regulations.
amend 1. يُعدِّل، يُنقِّح All the laws were amended by the new government. 2. يُحسِّنُ، يُصْلِحُ He amended his behaviour this year. amend·able adj قابِل للتعديل أو التحسين؛ amend·ment n 3. تعديل، تصحيح 4. تحسين؛ to make amends for يُعوِّضُ عن (ضَررٍ أو إساءَة)
amenity وسيلةُ راحةٍ أَو مُتْعَة، مَرْفِق Most people like to enjoy the amenities of modern towns.
America أَميركا He has been to America several times.
American 1. الأميركيةُ، الولاءُ للولايات المتحدة 2. اِصطِلاحٌ أَميركيٌّ
American football كرة القدم الأمريكيَّة I like to watch American football games on television.
American Indian أمريكي هِنديّ. خاصٌّ بالهنود الحُمر She bought an American Indian bracelet in Oklahoma.
amethyst الجَمَشْت: حَجَرٌ كريمٌ She has an amethyst ring.
amiability لُطْف، أُنْس People like him because of his amiability.
amiable لَطيفٌ، مُحبَّبٌ إلى القلب He has a very amiable personality. ami·ableness n لُطف، وُدّ
amicable حُبِّيّ They came to an amicable agreement with each other.
amid وَسْطَ، بَيْنَ He was the only foreigner amid the crowds. a·midst prep وَسْطَ، بَيْنَ
amir, emir أَمير
amiss غَيْر صالح، غَيْر مَضبُوط The instruments were amiss. The doctor found nothing amiss with me. adv بطريقةٍ خاطئةٍ، خَطَأً A good speaker does not speak amiss. take amiss يستاءُ مِن، يأْخُذه على مَحْمِلِ الإساءة He always takes things amiss.
amity صداقَة، تَفاهُم There was no amity between them. in amity with على تَفاهُمٍ مع
ammeter أَمِّيتَر: مِقياس شِدَّة التيار الكهربائيّ
ammonia أَمُونْيا، غازُ النُّشادِر
ammunition ذَخيرة حربية The soldiers lost the battle because they had no ammunition.
amnesia فقدان الذاكرة
amnesty عَفْوٌ عامٌّ The exiles returned to their country under the presidential amnesty.
amoeba أَمِيبَة، مُتَموِّرة
among 1. بَيْنَ، وَسْطَ He stood among his friends. 2. مِن بَيْن Among the presents he received was a new watch. a·mongst prep بَيْنَ، وَسْطَ
amoral لا يَفهمُ الأَخلاقيات، لا صِفَةَ أَخلاقيةً له A young child is amoral.
amorous غَزَليّ، غَرَاميّ، عِشْقِيّ She enjoys reading amorous poetry.
amorphous عديم الشَّكل،غَيْر مُتَبَلْوِر
amount مِقدار، كمية، مَبْلَغ Students spend a great amount of time studying. vi يَبْلُغ His bank account amounts to three thousand pounds.
ampere أَمْپِير: وَحْدة قياس التيار الكهربائيّ
amphibian 1. كائنٌ بَرْمائيّ: حيوانٌ أو نباتٌ بَرْمائيّ 2. طائرة برمائية: تَحُطُّ على الأرض أو الماء 3. سيارة أو دبابة بَرْمائية
amphibious بَرْمائيٌّ، قازِب
amphitheatre, amphitheater 1. مُدَرَّج، مُدَرَّج خارجيّ غَيْر مَسقُوف 2. مُدرَّج داخلي بشكل نصف دائرة
amphitheatrical مُدَرَّجيّ
ample كافٍ، وافِر We have ample time to reach the house before dinner.
amplification تكبير، تَضْخيم
amplifier مُكَبِّر، مُضَخِّم An amplifier is used to strengthen the current in radios and record players.
amplify 1. يكبِّر، يُضخِّم 2. يُوسِّع، يُفصِّل He amplified his report with drawings and figures.
amputate يَقْطَع، يَبتُر The doctor had to amputate the patient’s leg because it was badly damaged.
amputation قَطْع، بَتْر The doctor decided on the amputation of the patient’s leg.
amulet تَعْوِيذَة، حِجاب
amuse يُسلِّي، يُلَهِّي، يُرفِّهُ (عَنْ) You can amuse your friends by telling them some stories. amuse·ment n تَسْلِيَة، لَهْو، تَفْكِهَة
amused يَتَفكَّه، يكادُ يَضْحَك (من) I am amused by the way she talks.
amusing مُسَلٍّ
an أَداة تنكير بمعنى واحِد (تَسبِقُ الأَلفاظ المبتدئة بحرف عِلَّة) My friend ate an apple after lunch.
anachronism مُفارَقة تاريخية، عَدمُ تَوافُقٍ زَمَنيٌّ Saying that Julius Caesar looked at his watch is an anachronism.
anaemia, anemia أَنِمِيَة، فَقْرُ الدَّمِ
anaemic, anemic 1. مُصابٌ بفَقْر الدم 2. فاقِدُ الحيوية
anaesthesia, anesthesia تخدير. تَخدُّر، خَدَار
anæsthetic, anesthetic مُخدِّر، بَنْج
anaesthetist, anesthetist طبيبُ تخدير
anaesthetize, anesthetize يُخَدِّر
anagram كلمة مجانِسة مُغيَّرةُ ترتيب الأَحرف Lump is an anagram of plum.
analogous مُماثِل، مُشابِه، مُناظِر Both brothers happen to be in analogous situations. Waves of water and the way light travels are analogous.
analogy تناظُر، تشابُه، مقارنة He used an analogy to illustrate his point.
analyse, analyze يحلِّل The doctor analysed the patient’s blood. Water can be analysed into hydrogen and oxygen.
analysis تحليل I did not agree with him on the analysis of the problem.
analyst مُحلِّل، اِختصاصيُّ تحليلٍ
anarchism الفوضوية
anarchist فوضوِيّ
anarchy فوضوية، فوضى، انعدام النظام They could not get much done because of the anarchy in their office.
anatomical تشريحيّ
anatomist إخصائيُّ تشريح
anatomy 1. تشريح، عِلم التشريح 2. التركيب الجسديّ A doctor must know the human anatomy perfectly.
ancestor جَدٌّ، سَلَفٌ In the history class we learned about our ancestors.
ancestral سَلَفِيّ
ancestry أَسلاف، سلسلةُ النَّسَب
anchor مِرساة، أَنْجَرٌ The sailors dropped the anchor in deep water. vt يُرسي The captain anchored the boat int he bay. an·chor·age n مَرْسًى؛ at an·chor راسِية، راسٍ؛ to weigh an·chor يَرْفَعُ المِرساةَ ويُقْلِعُ
ancient قديم، غابِر The town of Byblos in lebanon was an important port in ancient times. ancients القُدَماء
and 1. وَ (واوُ العَطْف) Samir and Nabil are brothers. 2. فَ Save your money and you will become rich.
anecdotal قَصَصِيّ
anecdote حكاية، قِصة، طُرْفة The anecdote he told us was very funny.
anemia فَقْرُ الدّم، أَنيميا He was given more blood because of his anemia.
anemic مُتعَلِّقٌ بفَقْر الدم. مُصابٌ بفقر الدم He was suffering from an anemic condition.
anemometer مِرْياح، مِقياسُ سُرعةِ الرِّيح
anemone شُقّار، شَقائقُ النُّعمان
anesthetist طبيب تَخدير، تِقْنيُّ التَّخدير
anew مُجدَّدًا، مِن جديد You may begin anew and speak loudly.
angel مَلاك، مَلَكٌ The baby looked like an angel. angel·ic adj مَلائكيّ؛ angel·fish n سَمكَةُ المَلاك
anger غَضَب، غَيْظ He raised his voice in anger. vt يُغضِب His behaviour angered his friends.
angle 1. زاوِيَة Each angle in a square is a right angle. 2. وُجهةُ نَظَرٍ They could not see the situation from our angle. vi يَصْطادُ بالصِّنّارة They angled for salmon in the sea.
angler صيّادٌ بالصِّنارة The angler caught a big fish.
Anglican أُسْقُفِيٌّ: شَخْصٌ ينتمي إلى الكنيسة الأُسقفية adj أُسْقُفيٌّ، أَنچليكانيٌّ An Anglican Bishop gave the blessing in Church.
angling تَصَيُّد بالصِّنارة. صيدُ السّمك بالصِّنارة He is developing his angling skills.
angrily بِغَضَبٍ
angry غَضْبانُ، حانِقُ She was very angry when she discovered that her pot was broken. angry with someone غاضِبٌ مِن شَخْصٍ؛ angry at (about or over) something مُسْتاءٌ مِن شيءٍ
anguish عَذاب، كَرْب The absence of her father caused her great anguish.
angular زاوِيّ، مُزَوًّى
animal حَيوان My son liked the animals in the zoo.
animate حَيّ Can you name three animate objects? vt /ˈænimeit/ يُحْيِي، يُنْعِشُ، يَبْعَثُ الحيويَّة والهِمَّة His presence animated the party. an·i·mated adj نشيط، ذو حَيوية
animation حيوية، حركة، حَركية (سينمائيّة) وانتِعاش
animosity عِداء، عَدَاوة There is very strong animosity between the two countries.
ankle كاحِل، رُسْغُ القَدم He fell and hurt his ankle.
annex 1. إضافة، مُلْحَق We read the annex to the text. 2. مَبْنًى، مُلْحَقٌ They lived in the annex for a year. vt /ənˈeks/ يُضِيفُ، يُلْحِقُ We annexed a supplement to the story. annex·a·tion n إضافة، ضَمٌّ، إلحاق
annihilate يَمْحَقُ، يُدَمِّرُ تمامًا، يُفْني The city was annihilated by severe bombing.
annihilation إبادة، مَحْق، إفناء
anniversary ذِكرى سنوية، عيدٌ سنويّ His parents celebrated their tenth wedding anniversary last month.
annotate يُضيفُ تعليقًا أَو حاشِيةً The teacher annotated the text very carefully.
announce يُعلِن، يُذيع The teacher announced a test for next week. an·nouncement n إعلان؛ an·noun·cer n مُذيع، مُعْلِن
annoy يُزعِج، يُضايِق His childish actions annoyed us. an·noy·ance n إزعاج؛ an·noy·ing adj مُزعج
annoyed مُنْزَعج، مُتَضايق I was annoyed by the sad news.
annual 1. كِتاب سنويّ His picture appeared in the school annual. 2. نبات حَوْليّ: نَبْتة تعيشُ سنةً أَو أَقَلَّ Beans and maize are annual plants. adj سنويّ، حَوْليّ They hold an annual party on new year. an·nu·al·ly adv سَنويًّا، حَوْليًّا
annuity سَنَاهِيَة: دَخْلٌ سنويٌّ مُعَيَّنٌ He receives his annuity from the insurance company in December.
annul يُلغي، يُبْطِل؛ an·nul·ment n إلغاء، إبطال
anoint يَدهنُ بزيتٍ، يُكرِّسُ بالدَّهْن The priest anointed the child with oil.
anon مُختصَرٌ لكلمةٍ onymous؛ ever and anon adv مِن وقتٍ إلى آخَرَ
anonymity غُفْلِيَّة: كَوْنُ الشَّيءِ بدُونِ اسْمٍ
anonymous 1. غَيْرُ مُسَمًّى، مجهولُ الاسم The book I read had an anonymous author. 2. غُفْل، بدُونِ تَوْقيعٍ We received an anonymous letter. a·non·y·mously adv غُفْلًا، بدُونِ اسمٍ، بدُونِ توقيعٍ
anorak سُتْرَة ذاتُ بُرنُس He wears an anorak in cold weather.
anorexic قَهِم، فاقِدُ الشهيَّة للطعام (قد يكون عُصابِيًّا) The anorexic patient was taken to a mental hospital.
another آخَر، أُخرى، غَيْر، ثانٍ I bought a suit last year؛ and this year I bought another one. Can you show me another book? I do not like this one. one another بَعضُهم بَعْضًا They should help one another.
answer 1. جَوَاب Your answer to the question was very good. 2. حَلٌّ Can you suggest an answer to his problem? vt 3. يُجِيب The students answered the questions well. 4. يُحَقِّق، يَفي بالغَرَض His plans answered our objectives. 5. يَرُدُّ على He answered the door bell. an·swer·able adj 6. يُمكِنُ الإجابةُ عنه 7. مَسؤول؛ an·swer back يُجِيْبُ بِوَقاحة؛ an·swer for يكون مسؤولًا عن؛ an·swer to يَنطبِقُ على، يُطابِق
answerphone آلةُ إجابةٍ هاتِفيَّة I left an urgent message on his answerphone.
ant نَمْلة I saw many ants coming out of a hole in the kitchen.
antagonism تَضَادٌّ، تَناقُض، مُناوأَة They will never cooperate, because of the antagonism between them.
antagonist خَصْم، مُنازِع The boxer shook hands with his antagonist after the match. an·tag·o·nist·ic adj مُضادٌّ، مُناوِئٌ They are friends, but they have antagonistic views about the subject. an·tag·o·nist·ic·ally adv بطريقةٍ عدائية
antagonize يُعادي، يَستعدي If you speak roughly you will antagonize the audience.
Antarctic خاصٌّ بالقطب الجنوبي
ante- قَبْلَ
antecedent 1. سابِق، مُقدَّم، ما أَتى قَبْلًا 2. السَّلَف 3. العائد إليه (في القواعد)
antelope ظَبْيٌ: حَيوانٌ يُشبِهُ الغَزَالَ
antenna 1. زُبَانَى، قَرْنُ استِشعارٍ (في الحشرات) 2. هَوائيّ (للراديو أو التلفزيون)
anthem نَشِيد The students stood up and sang the national anthem.
anthill قَرْيَةُ نَمْلٍ I saw many ants coming out of an anthill.
anthology مُقْتَطَفات أَدبية: مجموعة قِطَع شِعرية أو نَثْرية مُختارة
anthropological مُتَعَلِّق بعِلم الإنسان
anthropologist إخصائيّ في عِلم الإنسان
anthropology علم الإنسان، عِلم طبائع البَشَر My friend is studying anthropology in college.
anti- بادئة بمعنى: ضِدّ، مُضادٌّ (لِـ)؛ anti·aircraft adj مضاد للطائرات The soldier fired at the enemy plane with his antiaircraft gun. anti·biotic n مُضادٌّ حَيويٌّ، مُرْدٍ للجراثيم Penicillin is a strong antibiotic.
anticipate يتوقَّع، يَستَبِق When you anticipate danger, you can be prepared fot it.
anticipation تَوقُّع
anticlimax تَدَنٍّ أَو هُبوطٌ مُفاجِئٌ (مِن الذُّروة) The last statement he made was an anticlimax.
anti-clockwise ضِد اتجاه عقارب الساعة، بَتًّا - من اليمين إلى اليَسار
antics تَهْريجات - تَصَرُّفات سَخيفة People don’t like his antics at parties.
anti-depressant مُضادُّ الاكتئاب The doctor prescribed an anti-depressant to the sad patient.
antidote تِرياق: دواء ضِدّ التَّسمُّم Starch is an antidote for iodine.
antipathetic كارِهٌ (لِـ)، مُبْغِض
antipathy بُغْض، كُره
anti-perspirant مانِعُ التَعَرُّق Athletes use a lot of anti-perspirants.
antiquated قديم، عتيقُ الطِّراز Their grandfather is very antiquated in his ideas.
antique شيءٌ قديمٌ، تُحْفَةٌ قديمةٌ I bought an antique from a store down town. adj قديم العهد، عَتيق She bought an antique bracelet.
antiquity 1. القِدَم، العُصور القديمة 2. العادِيّات، الآثار القديمة
antiseptic مُطَهِّر I used an antiseptic on my wound. adj مُطَهِّر، مانِعُ العُفونة I bought an antiseptic powder from the pharmacy.
anti-spam ضِد الإغوائيات، ضِد العُروض الدعائِيّة (التجارية بخاصةٍ) Users of computers would like to see anti-spam laws.
anti-terrorist ضِدّ الإرهاب (أو الإرهابيين) Aeroports are using anti-terrorist procedures.
antithesis نَقِيضٌ، ضِدٌّ Fact is the antithesis of theory.
antonym كلمة مضادَّة، ضِدّ High is the antonym of low.
anus شَرَج، إسْت
anxiety 1. قَلَقٌ، جَزَعٌ Her children’s lateness caused her much anxiety. She shows anxiety about her children. 2. تَلَهُّف، تَوْق He showed great anxiety to come with us.
anxious 1. قَلِق، مَشغولُ البال His mother was anxious about his health. 2. تَوّاق، مُتَلَهِّف She is anxious to join our club. anx·ious·ly adv 3. بِقَلقٍ 4. بِتَلَهُّفٍ
any أَيٌّ، أَيَّةُ Any of the pens you have will write. adj أَيُّ، أَيُّما Any person can solve that simple problem. adv بأَيِّ مِقدارٍ Are the prices any lower these days?
anybody أَيُّ شَخْصٍ Anybody can come to our party tomorrow. any·body else n أَيُّ شَخص آخَر
anyhow 1. على أَيِّ حالٍ Anyhow, I will talk to you again. 2. بأَيِّ طريقةٍ، كيفما كان You can solve the problem anyhow you please.
anyone أَيُّ شَخصٍ I did not see anyone in the library.
anyplace حَيْثُما كان، في أيّ مكان Newspapers can be found anyplace.
anything أَيُّ شَيءٍ You must not carry anything heavy.
anyway 1. على كلِّ حال I had planned to go with them anyway. 2. بأَيِّ طريقة You can write your composition anyway you like.
anywhere في أَيِّ مكان، حَيثُما كان You can put your books anywhere in the room.
apart 1. جانِبًا، على حِدَةٍ He stood apart from the crowd. 2. ما عدا، باستثناء Apart from my friend, nobody came to see the film.
apartment شَقَّة She has a lovely view of the sea from her apartment.
apathetic عَديمُ المُبالاة؛ apathetic·al·ly adv بِدُونِ اهتمامٍ أو مُبالاةٍ
apathy عَدمُ المبالاة أو الاهتمام
ape 1. قِرْد The ape is a large tailless monkey. 2. مُقلِّد vt يُقلِّد، يُحاكي
aperture فُتْحة، كُوَّة There was something wrong with the aperture in my camera.
apiece للواحِد(ة)، لكلِّ واحِد These cakes are five dollars apiece.
apologetic اِعتذاريّ
apologize يَعتذِر He apologized to the master for coming late.
apology اعتذار He offered his apologies for coming late.
apostle رَسُول، مُرْسَل He is always an apostle of good news. I read the letters of the Apostles.
apostolic رَسُوليّ
apostrophe فاصِلة تتعلّق بالكلمة You must learn to use the apostrophe correctly. Examples: the student’s (singular) books؛ the students’ (plural) books. His S’s look like 8’s. In the word don’t, the apostrophe shows that a letter (o) has been left out.
appal يُذهِل، يُروِّع The news of his disappearance appalled me. appall·ing adj مُروِّع، مُرعِب، مُذهِل
apparatus جِهاز، عُدَّة He could not perform the experiment because he did not have the right apparatus.
apparel كِساء، لِباس She entered the hall in very fancy apparel.
apparent ظاهِر، واضِح، جَليّ، ظاهِرِيّ It was apparent that he did not want to talk to us. ap·par·ent·ly adv على ما يبدو، مِن الواضح
apparition شَبَح، طَيْف
appeal 1. اِستِعطاف، مُناشَدة He went to the principal with a look of appeal on his face. 2. اِستئناف The matter was taken by the lawyer to the appeal court. 3. جاذبية، اِستهواء Some songs do not lose their appeal with time. vt يستأنف The lawyer appealed their case in court. vi 4. يُناشِد He appealed to us for help. 5. يَسْتَهوِي، يَرُوق (لِـ) Bright colours appeal to children.
appear 1. يظهر A car appeared from behind the hill. 2. يَتَّضح، يبدو He appears to be tired. ap·pear·ance n 3. مَظْهَر 4. ظُهور
appease يُهدِّئ، يَسْترضي We appeased them with our kindness. ap·pease·ment n تَرْضية، تَهدئة
appellation تَسْمِيَة. اِسْم
append يُلحِق، يُضيف We appended a statement to our report. ap·pend·age n مُلْحَق
appendicitis اِلتهابُ الزائدة الدُّودية He is suffering from appendicitis.
appendix 1. مُلْحَق، ذَيْل The appendix appears at the end of the book. 2. الزائدة He went to (the) hospital to have his appendix removed.
appertain يَختصُّ (بِـ)، يَتَعلَّقُ (بِـ) The statement I read appertains to another subject.
appetite شَهِيَّة، قابِلية Exercise will increase your appetite for food. He has no appetite for hard work.
appetizer مُشَهٍّ، مُقَبِّل We had an appetizer before dinner.
appetizing مُشَهٍّ، مُقَبِّل the smell from the Kitchen was very appetizing.
applaud يُصفِّقُ استحسانًا (لِـ) The people applauded the speaker for his fine speech.
applause هُتافُ أو تصفيقُ استحسانٍ There was great applause when the singer appeared on the stage.
apple تُفاحة، تُفَّاح I ate two apples after lunch. ap·ple of dis·cord n سَبَبُ الخِلاف؛ ap·ple of the eye n قُرَّةُ العَيْن: شخصٌ حبيبٌ أو عزيزٌ؛ up·set the ap·ple·cart يُفسِدُ الخُطَّةَ أو التدبيرَ؛ ap·ple pie n فَطيرةُ تُفّاح؛ ap·ple pie or·der n ترتيبٌ بَدِيعٌ
applet أپْليِتة - بَرنامج حاسوبي بسيط يُرفقُ أحيانًا بوثائق لغة الشبكة العالمية He got the information from his applet.
appliance أَداة، جِهاز We bought new cooking appliances.
applicable 1. قابِلٌ للتطبيق، يُطَبَّق The rule is not applicable to this case. 2. مُناسِب، قابِل للاستعمال This medicine is applicable on open wounds only.
applicant 1. طالِبُ عَملٍ أَو وظيفةٍ There were three applicants for the job, but only one was taken. 2. طالِبُ دُخولٍ، مُتَقدِّمٌ (بطلبٍ) Out of three hundred applicants, two hundred were accepted in the university.
application 1. طَلَبٌ My application to the school was accepted. 2. اِستعمال The application of the ointment relieved the pain. 3. تطبيق The application of a principle is more difficult than stating it. ap·pli·ca·tion form n نَموذَجُ طلبٍ، اِستمارة
applied تَطْبيقي He prefers applied courses to theoretical ones.
apply 1. يَستعملُ، يَستخدِم He applied the new ointment on the wound. 2. يُطبِّق He tried to apply the principles in his work. vi 3. يَتَقَدَّمُ بطلبٍ I advised him to apply for the position because he is qualified. 4. يَنطبِقُ This regulation does not apply to you.
appoint 1. يُعيِّنُ، يُوظِّفُ The board appointed three assistants to the manager. 2. يُحدِّدُ مَوعدًا They appointed a date for their next meeting. ap·pointee n شخص معيَّن؛ ap·point·ment n 3. تعيين، وظيفة 4. مَوعد، ميعاد
appointed مُحَدَّد، مُعَيَّن They arrived at the appointed time for the meeting.
apportion يُقسِّمُ حِصَصًا The land was apportioned among the brothers and sisters. ap·por·tion·ment n تحصيص، تقسيم
apposite مناسِبٌ جِدًّا؛ ap·posite·ly adv بطريقةٍ مُناسِبَةٍ
apposition بَدَلٌ (في النَّحْو)
appraisal تَقْيِيم، تَثمِين، تقدير القيمة
appraise يُثَمِّن، يُقَدِّرُ قيمة Two experts appraised the building before we bought it.
appreciable مَحسوس، ملموس We noticed an appreciable improvement in his language.
appreciate يُقدِّرُ، يُكْبِرُ We appreciated their help very much. vi يَزدادُ قيمةً Our property has appreciated in the last two years.
appreciation 1. تقدير We wondered how to express our appreciation to them for their help. 2. زيادة القيمة The appreciation of property has been very sudden recently.
appreciative مُقدِّر، مُدْرِك
apprehend 1. يُمسِكُ، يَقبِضُ على The policeman apprehended the robber. 2. يَتَخَوَّفُ مِن I apprehend no difficulty in achieving a noble goal. 3. يدرك، يفهم I was able to apprehend the situation very well after his talk.
apprehension 1. إدراك 2. مَسْك، إِلقاءُ القبض (على) 3. تَخوُّف She felt some apprehension for her son’s safety.
apprehensive 1. مُدرِك 2. مُتَخَوِّف He was apprehensive of the future.
apprentice 1. التَّمهُّن 2. فترة التَّمهُّن
approach 1. مُعالجة، طريقَةُ المعامَلة His approach to the problem is different from mine. 2. اِقتراب The approach of the army was too slow. vt 3. يُفاتِحُ I approached my father about my problems. 4. يَدنُو (مِن)، يَقترِبُ (مِن) We approached the shore from the south. 5. يُعالِجُ We approached the problem logically. ap·proach·able adj 6. قابلٌ للمفاتَحة، لَيِّنُ الجانِب 7. يُمكِنُ الاقترابُ منه
appropriate 1. يُخَصِّصُ، يَرصُدُ (مالًا) The committee appropriated the money for building a school. 2. يَخْتَلِسُ، يستولي (على) We should not appropriate other people’s belongings.
appropriation 1. تخصيص 2. المبلغ المخصَّصُ أو المرصود
approval موافَقة، مُصادَقة When we got his approval, we started the work.
approve يُقِرُّ، يُوافِقُ (على) The teacher approved the student’s plan for the project.
approving مُوافَقة، قَبوليَّة She gave an approving nod to my suggestion.
approx (Short for approximately) تَقْريبي، تقريبًا
approximate تقريبيّ We gave them an approximate time for our arrival. vt /əprˈoksimeit, -rˈak-/ يُقدِّرُ تقريبيًّا He approximated the value of the land. vi يقارِبُ، يَقترِبُ (من) He approximated the truth in what he described. ap·prox·imate·ly adv على وَجْه التقريب، بالتقريب
approximation تقريب، تَخمينُ يُقارِبُ الحقيقةَ
Apr (Short for April)
apricot مِشْمِش We picked some apricots to make apricot jam.
April شَهْر نَيْسان My friend was born in April. April fool n الشخصُ الذي يقعُ ضحيَّةَ كِذبة نيسان؛ April Fools’ Day n يوم كِذبة نيسان
apron مِئزَر، مَرْيُول His mother wears an apron when she washes the dishes. tied to his mother’s (or wife’s) apron strings خاضِعٌ لسيطرتها، تَحْتَ إمْرتها
apt 1. ماهِر، فَطِن He is an apt student. 2. مَيّالٌ أو قابِلٌ (لِـ)، عُرْضَةٌ (لِـ) He is apt to be lazy. 3. مُلائم، مناسِبٌ للمَقام His speech was apt for the occasion. apt·ly adv بطريقةٍ مناسِبةٍ؛ apt·ness n مَهارة
aptitude أَهلية، لِياقة
aquarium مَمَاهَة: مَرْبى الأَحياء المائية My friend added a goldfish to his aquarium.
Aquarius بُرْج الدّلو، السّاقي. من مواليد بُرج الدّلو She was born on the thirtieth of January. She is an Aquarius.
aquatic مائيّ
aqueduct قناةُ ماءٍ مُقَنْطَرةٌ
Arab عربيّ My friend Samir is an Arab. the A·rabs n pl العَرَب
Arabia شِبهُ الجزيرة العربية
Arabian عربيّ We learned about the Arabian Peninsula in our geography class.
Arabic اللغة العربية Our English teacher speaks Arabic very well. adj عربيّ He uses many Arabic words in his speech. Arabic numerals الأرقام العربية (المستَعْمَلة حاليًّا في أوروبّا)
arable صالِح للزِراعة أو الفِلاحة
arbiter 1. صاحِبُ القولِ الفَصْل. فَيْصَل Christian Dior is the arbiter of fashion in our age. 2. وسيط، مُحَكَّم He often acts as arbiter between the two parties.
arbitrarily بطريقةٍ استبدادية، بطريقةٍ كَيفيَّة، اِعتِباطيًّا
arbitrariness اِعتباطيةٌ، استبدادية
arbitrary استبداديّ، كَيفيّ، اِعتِباطيّ He made several arbitrary decisions.
arbitrate يَحْكُم The old man arbitrated the issue between the two parties.
arbitration تحكيم، فَصْلٌ بالتحكيم
arbitrator مُحكَّم، حَكَمٌ
arbour, arbor مُعَرَّشٌ، مكانٌ مُظلَّلٌ بالمعترِشات
arc قَوْس The teacher cut up the circle into arcs for us to measure.
arcade مَمَرٌّ مَسقُوفٌ، مَمْشًى داخِلَ قَناطِرَ
arch قَوْس، عَقْد I like the arches used in old designs by the Arabs. vt يَحْني كالقَوْس، يُقَوِّس The cat arched its back in anger. vi يَنحني كالقَوْس The trees arched over the road. arch·way n مَمْشًى مُقَنْطَرٌ
archaeological مُتَعلِّق بالآثار أو بعِلم الآثار القديمة
archaeologist عالِمُ آثارٍ
archaeology عِلمُ الآثار
archaic قديمُ العَهْد The old members of the committee presented very archaic views.
archangel رئيس الملائكة
archbishop رئيس الأَساقفة، مُطران The archbishop gave the blessing in Church. arch·bish·op·ric n أَبرشِيَّةُ رئيس الأَساقِفَة
archeologist عالِمُ الآثار القديمة
archeology أركِيُولوجية، علمُ الآثار القديمة
archer نَبّال، رامي النِّبال، رامي السِّهام The archers bought new bows and arrows, arch·ery n نِبالة، الرِّماية بالقَوْس والسِّهام
architect مُهندِسٌ مِعْمَاريٌّ I know the architect who designed the new building. arch·i·tect·ur·al adj هَندسيّ، مِعْماريّ؛ arch·i·tect·ure n الهندسة المِعمارية
archives أَرشيف، دائرة المحفوظات
Arctic مُتَعلِّق بالقُطبِ الشَّماليِّ
ardent غَيُور، شديدُ الحماسة He is an ardent supporter of the new movement. ar·dent·ly adv بِحمَاسة، بِغَيْرة
ardour, ardor حَماسة شديدة، رغبة مُلِحَّة
arduous شاقٌّ، عَسِير He might not succeed in this arduous task.
area 1. مِساحة The area of the land is five square kilometres. 2. ساحة، مِنْطقة The children had a small play area for themselves.
area code رَمْزُ المِنْطقة Always dial the area code before the telephone number.
arena مَيْدان، ساحةُ عِراك
arguable عُرْضَةٌ للخِلاف - فيه مَجالٌ للنِّقاش Some scientific theories are arguable.
arguably كما يظهَرُ بالمُناقشة والجِدال She is arguably the best tennis player here.
argue يُجادِل، يُحاجُّ، يُناقِش I argued the matter with my friends. argue for يُحاجُّ مُؤَيِّدًا؛ argue against يُحاجُّ مُعارِضًا؛ argue away جادلَ بلا مَلَلٍ؛ argue down أَفْحَمَ بالمُحاجَّة؛ argue out جادلَ حتى تَوصَّلَ إلى نتيجة
argument 1. جِدال، مُجادَلة I do not like long arguments. 2. حُجَّة I did not agree with his argument.
arid جافّ، قاحِل For lack of rainfall, the land was arid. The talk was too arid for the children to enjoy. ar·id·ity n جَفاف، قُحُولة
Aries The Ram بُرج الحَمَل، بُرجُ الكَبْش. من مَواليد بُرج الحَمَل He was born on the twenty-eighth of March. He is an Aries.
aright صَوَابًا، على الوجه الصَّحيح
arise 1. يَقُومُ، يَنْهضُ I usually arise at six o’clock in the morning. 2. يَنْشأُ، يَنْتُجُ Problems may arise in the middle of the discussion.
aristocracy طَبقةُ الأَكابِرِ أَو النُّبلاء، أَرِسْتُقْراطية
aristocrat أَحدُ الأَكابِر، أَحدُ أَفراد الطبقة الأَرستُقْراطية؛ arist·o·crat·ic adj أَرستُقراطيّ
arithmetic عِلْمُ الحِساب؛ arithmetic(al) adj حِسابيّ؛ arithmetically adv حِسابيًّا، بطريقةٍ حسابيةٍ
ark فُلْكٌ؛ Noah’s Ark n فُلْكُ نُوْحَ
arm ذِراع He fell and hurt his left arm. vt يُسلِّح The policeman was armed with a big stick only. arm·pit n إبْط؛ arms أَسلحة؛ with open arms بالتَّرْحاب
armament 1. عَتاد حَرْبيّ 2. تَسَلُّح
armband عِصابُ (أو عصابةُ) الذِّراع He wore his club’s armband.
armed مُسَلَّح The soldiers were well armed.
armful غُمْرَةُ ذِراع، حُضْنَةُ ذراع She carried an armful of flowers.
armistice هُدْنة The two generals signed the armistice.
armour, armor 1. دِرْع 2. صفائح تَدْريع
armoured, armored مُدَرَّع - مُصَفَّح The king travelled in an armoured car.
army جَيْش The attackers surrendered to the army.
aroma 1. شَذًى، عَبِير، رائحة طيِّبة 2. جَوٌّ؛ arom·atic adj ذُو رائحةٍ طيِّبة
around 1. حَوْلَ (المكانِ) He’s been around. 2. بالقُرْبِ مِن، حَوَالَى He stood around here until we arrived. prep 3. حَوْلَ، مِنْ حَوْلِ We walked around the pool. 4. حَوَالَى، نَحْو He spent around ten pounds on the gift.
arouse يُوقظُ، يُثيرُ I aroused their curiosity when I told them I knew a secret.
arraign يُحْضِرُ (المتَّهمَ) إلى المحكمة، يَتَّهِمُ؛ ar·raign·ment n إحضارُ المتَّهم إلى المحكمة، اِتِّهام
arrange 1. يرتِّب He arranged his room before he left. 2. يدبِّر، يُنسِّق We arranged for a meeting between the two groups. arrange·ment n 3. ترتيب، تنظيم 4. تدبير
array 1. نِظام 2. لِباس vt 3. يُنظِّم 4. يَلْبَسُ
arrears دُيُون (أَو أَعمال) مُتَأَخِّرة؛ in arrears مُتَأَخِّرُ التَّسديد
arrest 1. اِعتقال The policeman put the thief under arrest. 2. إيقاف، كَبْح The arrest of the disease was not easy. vt 3. يَعتقِلُ، يَقبِضُ (على) The policemen arrested the thief. 4. يُوقِف، يَكْبَح The new medicine arrested the spread of the disease.
arrival وُصُول، قُدُوم His unexpected arrival was a surprise to all.
arrive 1. يَصِلُ، يَتَوصَّلُ (إلى) They arrived at the station in time to catch the train. After a long discussion, they arrived at an agreement. 2. يَحَينُ، يَجيءُ The time has arrived for a decisive action.
arrogance عَجْرَفة، غَطْرَسَة His arrogance makes people dislike him.
arrogant مُتَعَجْرِف He is so arrogant that people really dislike him.
arrow 1. سَهْم، نَبْل A long time ago soldiers used bows and arrows. 2. سَهْمُ (أَو عَلامَةُ) اتِّجاهٍ
arsenal مُستودَعُ أَسلحة، دارُ الصِّناعةِ الحربية
arsenic الزِّرنيخ
arson إحراقٌ مُتَعَمَّد؛ ar·sonist n الحارِقُ عَمْدًا
art 1. صَناعةٌ فنِّيَّةٌ There has been great progress in the art of weaving lately. 2. فَنٌّ This painter did many works of art. art·ful adj 3. ماهِر 4. مَكّار، خَدَّاع؛ fine arts n فُنون جميلة؛ the black art السِّحر؛ a work of art قِطعة فَنِّيَّة رائعة (صُورة أو تمثال إلخ)
artery 1. شِريان The arteries carry blood from the heart to the body. 2. طَريقٌ رئيسي (بَرِّيٌّ أو نَهْريّ)
artesian أُرْتُوازِيّ؛ ar·te·sian well بِئرٌ أُرْتُوازِيَّةٌ
article 1. شيء، سِلْعة There are many articles I would like to buy. 2. مَقَالٌ، نُبْذة، مادَّة I read an interesting article in the magazine. 3. أَداةُ تعريفٍ أَو تنكيرٍ A is an article in English.
articulate 1. واضِحُ النُّطق 2. فَصِيح vt /atˈikjuleit, ar-/ 3. يَنطِقُ بوُضُوح 4. يُوصِّل بِمَفْصِلٍ (أَو بمفاصِلَ)
articulation 1. وُضوحُ النُّطق. 2. اتِّصال مَفصِليّ، الوَصلُ بِمفاصِلَ
artifice 1. مهارة، براعة الحِيلة 2. دهاء، حيلة
artificial اِصْطِناعي، مُصْطَنَع Her smile is very artificial. Artificial silk is called rayon. art·i·fic·ial·ity n تَصَنُّع؛ art·i·fic·ial·ly adv بَتَصَنُّع
artillery مِدفعية It was the army artillery that saved the city from the enemy.
artist فَنَّان The artist drew a beautiful picture. art·ist·ic adj فَنِّيٌّ؛ art·less adj ساذَج، بَسِيط؛ art·ist·ry n تَفَنُّن، فَنّ
artwork أعمالٌ فَنِّية American Indians are known for their artwork.
as 1. بَيْنَما I talked to him as he was writing. 2. كَ (كافُ التّشْبيه)، مِثْل I discussed the matter with him as a father. as a rule اعتياديًّا، عادةً؛ as for فيما يَتعلَّقُ (بِـ)؛ as if كما لَوْ، كأَنَّ؛ as it is كما هي، بالحقيقة؛ as of اِبتداءً مِن؛ as to بالنِّسبة (إلى)؛ as well أَيضًا؛ as yet إلى الآن؛ so as to حَتّى، لِكَيْ
a.s.a.p. = as soon as possible بأقصى سُرعة، بأسرع ما يُمكِن The boss wanted the work done a.s.a.p. (as soon as possible).
ascend يرتقي The king ascended the throne last year. vi يَصْعَدُ، يَرتَفِعُ The elevator ascended to the fifth floor. as·cend·ancy, as·cend·ency n سَيْطرة؛ have (or gain) ascendancy over يُسَيْطِرُ (على)؛ as·cendant, as·cend·ent n صاعِد، مُتَزايِد، مُتَصاعِد؛ ascending order ترتيب تصاعُديّ
ascent صُعود
ascertain يَتأَكَّد، يَتحقَّق (مِن)، يؤكِّد He wanted to ascertain that what he had heard was correct. as·cer·tain·able adj قابِلٌ للتَّحقُّق أَو التأَكيد
ascribe يَنْسُبُ، يَعْزُو He ascribed his success to skill and many years of hard work.
ascription عَزْوٌ، نِسبة
ash 1. شَجرةُ الدَّرْدار 2. رَمَاد We watched the wood in the fire turn into ash. ashes n pl رَمَاد، أَنْقاض The house was burnt to ashes. ash-tray n منفضةُ سجايِر
ashamed خَجْلانُ، مُسْتَحٍ She was ashamed to appear in her old clothes.
ashen شاحِب
ashore على الشاطئ، إلى الشاطئ We saw the swimmers coming ashore.
Asia آسيا؛ A·sian n, adj آسيويّ؛ A·sia·tic n, adj آسْيَوِيّ
aside 1. ما عَدا Aside from you, I have no real friend. 2. جانِبًا، على جَنْبٍ I asked the man to stand aside and let me pass.
ask 1. يَسأَلُ، يَطلُب You ask very good questions in class. He asked to be forgiven. 2. يَدعُو We asked them to tea. We asked them in for coffee. They asked us over for dinner, ask after يَستفسِرُ (عَنْ) للاطمئنان؛ ask for يَبحثُ (عَن)، يَطلُب
askance بِشَكٍّ
askew بالوَرْب، وَرْبًا، بانحرافٍ He wore his hat askew.
aslant بانحرافٍ، بِمَيْلٍ، مائلًا The sun rays fell aslant on a prism and formed a spectrum.
asleep 1. نائم Do not shout؛ he is asleep. 2. خَدِر He could not move his arm because it was asleep. adv نائمًا He fell asleep in the car.
asp صِلّ، أَفعى صغيرة سامَّة
asparagus هِلْيَون، هَلْيُون
aspect وُجهة، ناحية، واجِهة We have only considered one aspect of the problem. The house has a beautiful north-facing aspect.
asperity خُشُونة، قَسْوة
asphalt زِفْت، أَسْفَلْت vt يُزفِّت، يُغطِّي بالأَسفَلْت
asphyxiate يَخْنُق The gases in the car garage could have asphyxiated the workers.
asphyxiation اِختِناق
aspirant طامِح There are many aspirants to the principal’s job.
aspirate 1. لَفظُ الهاء 2. صَوتُ أَو حَرفُ الهاء vt /ˈæspirəit/ يَلْفِظُ بالهاء
aspiration 1. طُمُوح 2. لَفظُ الهاء
aspire يَطْمَحُ He aspires to become a doctor like his father.
aspirin أَسْپِرِين
aspiring طَموح، مُتَطَلِّعٌ إلى الأفضل He is an aspiring athlete. He works very hard to become a champion.
ass حِمَار Some people still use asses for carrying goods from one place to another. make an ass of oneself يَتَصَرَّفُ كالأَحمق
assail يُهاجِم The army assailed the town. The policeman assailed the prisoner with questions. assailed by doubts or fears ساوَرَتْهُ الشكوكُ أو المخاوفُ
assassin قاتِل The police caught the assassin before he could leave the country. as·sas·sin·ate vt يَقتُل، يَغْتال؛ as·sas·sin·ation n قَتْل، اِغتيال
assault هُجوم، اِعتداء There was an assault on the town at midnight. vt يُهاجِم The invading forces assaulted the town before dawn.
assemblage جَمْع، تجميع. مجموعة
assemble يُجمِّع The headmaster assembled the students in the main hall. vi يَتَجمَّع The students assembled in the main hall for a lecture.
assembly اجتماع He delivered a fine speech in the assembly. as·sem·bly hall n قاعة الاجتماعات
assent موافَقة The teacher gave her assent to the students’ plan. vi يُوافِقُ (على) She assented to their plans.
assert يؤكِّد We asserted that he was late to class. as·ser·tion n تأْكيد، جَزْم؛ as·ser·tive adj إصراريّ؛ as·ser·tive·ly adv بِجَزْمٍ وإصرار؛ to assert oneself يُثبِتُ مَوْجُوديَّتَهُ أَو قُدرتَه
assess 1. يُثَمِّن They tried to assess the land before buying it. It is too early to assess the value of this decision. 2. يُقدِّر، يُحدِّد The owner of the business assessed the workers’ salaries. as·sess·ment n تَثمين، تقدير؛ as·sessor n مُخَمِّن، مُثَمِّن
asset 1. ذُخْر، ذو قيمة His secretary would be an asset in any office. 2. أَصْل، موجود (ج: موجودات) The assets of the company are greater than its liabilities.
assiduous مُواظِب، دَؤُوب My brother is assiduous in his studies.
assign 1. يُعيِّن The teacher assigned a new lesson for next week. 2. يُخصِّص They assigned us two front seats. as·sign·able adj يُمكنُ تعيينُه أو تخصيصُه؛ as·sign·ment n تعيين. مُهِمَّة محدَّدة، وظيفة
assimilate 1. يُمثِّلُ (الطعامَ) The sick man could not assimilate the food he ate. 2. يَستوعِب The students assimilated the lectures well.
assimilation 1. تمثيل. تَمَثُّل 2. استيعاب، فَهْم
assist يُساعد، يُعِينُ I assisted the old lady across the street. I assited the captain in organizing the team. as·sist·ance n مُساعَدة، عَوْن؛ as·sist·ant n مساعِد
associate 1. يَضُمّ، يُشرِك We associated him with us in the work. 2. يَربطُ، يَقْرِن He always associates teachers with examinations. vi يُعاشِر، يُخالِط، يُشارِك He did not associate with other boys of his age. asso·ci·ate pro·fes·sor n أُستاذ مُشارِك
association 1. مشارَكة، مُزامَلة 2. رَبْط 3. جمعية، رابطة 4. شركة
assort يُشكِّل، يُنَوِّع We assorted the biscuits in the box. as·sort·ed adj مُنوَّع، مُشَكَّل؛ as·sort·ment n تشكيلة
asst. مُختَصر لكلمة assistant
assume 1. يَفْتَرِضُ Let us assume that the theory is right. 2. يَتَّخِذ، يَتَقَلَّد The new officer will assume his duties tomorrow. 3. يَتَصَنَّع، يَنْتَحِل He assumed a look of surprise.
assumption 1. اِفتراض 2. تَقَلُّد، اِتِّخاذ 3. اِدِّعاء
assurance 1. تأْكيد 2. تأْمين
assure 1. يؤَكِّد I assured her of my support for her application. 2. يؤمِّن، يَضْمَن؛ as·sured adj 3. مُتأَكِّد، واثِق 4. مؤَمَّن، مضمون؛ as·sur·ed·ly adv بالتأْكيد
asterisk عَلامَة نَجميَّة صغيرة: *
astern في المؤَخَّرة
asthma مَرَضُ الرَّبْو؛ asthmat·ic adj مُصابٌ بالرَّبْو، رَبْويّ
astir ناهِض. في حَركةٍ
astonish يُدهِش، يُذهِل The way the child spoke astonished us. astonish·ment n دَهْشة
astound يُذهِل، يُدهِش The news of the war astounded them. Everybody was astounded by the news of the mass suicide at Guyana.
astounded مَذهول، ذاهِل، مَدهوش They were astounded at the news of the war.
astray ضالٌّ، تائه. في غَيْر الاتجاه الصَّحيح The child missed the track and went astray. The boy was led astray by bad companions.
astride مُفَحِّجًا، مُنْفَرِجَ السّاقَيْن
astrologer مُنَجِّم The astrologer did not do very well predicting our futures.
astrological تَنْجيميّ
astrology التَّنجِيم
astronaut رائدُ فضاءٍ، رائدٌ فضائيٌّ
astronomer فَلكيّ، عالِم فلكيّ The astronomer used his powerful telescope to study the approaching comet.
astronomical 1. فَلَكيّ، مُتعَلِّق بعِلم الفَلك He completed his astronomical studies at the observatory. 2. عالٍ جِدًّا She paid an astronomical price for that fur coat.
astronomy عِلم الفَلك My cousin wants to study astronomy because he is fascinated by the stars.
astute شاطِر، داهِية، فَطِن؛ as·tute·ly adv بِشَطارة، بِدَهاء؛ as·tute·ness n شَطارة، دَهاء، فِطْنَة
asunder 1. مُفْترِقًا Why should those two persons be put asunder? 2. إلى قِطَعٍ مُتَفَرِّقة The boat was torn asunder by the storm.
asylum 1. مَلْجأُ عَجَزَة They took the sickly old man to the asylum. 2. لُجوء. مَلْجأ The minister asked for political asylum in a foreign country.
asylum seeker طالِبُ لُجوءٍ The politician left his country and became an asylum seeker.
at 1. عِنْدَ I found him at my friend’s house. 2. إلى I looked at him and he looked at me. 3. بِـ The book was priced at two pounds. 4. في، بِحالَةِ We were at war with them. 5. على He threw a bomb at the enemy tank. at all مُطْلَقًا، على الإطلاق؛ at last أَخيرًا؛ at once دُفعَةً واحِدَةً؛ at times أَحيانًا
atheism إلحاد، إنكار وجود الله
atheist مُلْحِد؛ atheist·ic adj إلحاديّ
athlete لاعِبٌ رياضيٌّ He is a good student and a good athlete as well. ath·let’s foot n سَعْفَةُ القَدَم: مَرَض جِلديّ في الأَقدام
athletic مُتَعَلِّق بالرياضة، رياضيّ We joined some athletic activities in school. ath·let·ics n رياضة
Atlantic (المحيطُ) الأَطْلَسِيُّ adj أَطْلَسِيٌّ
atlas أَطْلَس، كِتابُ خرائط We looked at a number of maps in our new atlas.
ATM صَرَّافة آليَّة She used her ATM card to draw some money.
atmosphere جَوٌّ (مادِّيٌّ أَو مَعْنوِيٌّ) The earth’s atmosphere is made up of gases. The atmosphere in this school is very friendly.
atmospheric جَوِّيّ
atom ذَرَّة The atom is a very small particle of matter. at·om·ic adj ذَرِّيّ؛ atomic bomb القُنْبُلَةُ الذرِّيَّة
atone يُكَفِّرُ (عَنْ) He atoned for his sin by fasting for two days.
atrium بَهْو، رَدْهة - قاعة مركزيَّة The sun shines through the glass in the atrium.
atrocious فَظيع، شنيع، وَحْشيّ
atrocity وَحْشِيَّة، عَمَلٌ شنيعٌ
attach 1. تَعلُّق، اِرتباط 2. مُلْحق
attaché مُلْحَق He is the commercial attaché in his country’s embassy.
attack هُجوم. نَوْبة Our army was getting ready for an attack upon the enemy. An attack of fever raised his temperature to 40°C. vt يَهجُم، يُهاجِم، يُداهِم The army attacked the city at night. at·tack·er n مُهاجِم
attain يَنالُ، يَبْلُغُ، يَحْصلُ (على) By working hard, he was able to attain the position of minister. at·tain·able adj يُمكِن الحصولُ عليه؛ at·tain·ment n نَيْل، بُلُوغ
attempt مُحاوَلة His first attempt to ski failed, but he tried again and succeeded. vt يُحاوِل One should always attempt to do his best.
attempted جَرَتْ مُحاوَلتُه، مُحاوَل من قَبْل The attempted record was broken by the runner.
attend 1. يَنتبِه، يَهتَمّ He attended to his business all the time. He attended carefully to what the teacher said. 2. يَعتني (بِـ)، يَخْدُم No servants attended upon us at the party. at·tend·ance n حُضور، مُوَاظَبَة؛ at·tend·ant n مُرافِق، مُلازِم
attention 1. اِنتباه، عِناية He always pays close attention to what is said in class. 2. اِهتمام، حِرْص On the envelope a phrase read "for the attention of the principal".
attentive مُنْتَبِه He is very attentive in class.
attest يؤكّد، يَشْهَدُ بِصِحَّةِ His wealth attests his success in business.
attic عُلِّيَّة، فُسْحة تَحْتَ السَّقْف We store many things in our attic.
attire لِباس She entered the hall in fancy attire.
attitude مَوْقِف He won’t help us because he has a negative attitude towards our project.
attorney وكيل، مُحامٍ My father asked our attorney about our house problem. at·tor·ney gen·er·al n مُدَّعٍ عامٌّ، النائبُ العامُّ؛ pow·er of at·tor·ney n وكالة، تفويض
attract يَجْذِبُ، يَجْتذِبُ A magnet attracts steel. Flowers attract bees. at·traction n اجتذاب، جاذبية، جَذْب؛ at·trac·tive adj جَذَّاب
attribute صِفَة Hard work is an attribute of a successful man. vt /ətrˈibjut/ يَنْسُبُ، يَعْزُو He attributes his failure to bad luck.
attributive وَصْفِيّ
attrition إنهاك، اسِتِنْزاف
aubergine باذِنْجان She had aubergine for a vegetable in her cooking.
auction مَزَاد Most of their furniture was bought at an auction. vt يَبيعُ بالمَزاد They auctioned off all their belongings before they left. auc·tion·eer n دَلَّال، بائعٌ بالمَزَاد
audacious وَقِح، جَرِيء، صَفِيق I do not like his audacious manner.
audacity صَفَاقَة، وَقَاحَة، جَسَارَة
audibility مَسْمُوعَيَّة، إمكانيةُ السَّمْع
audible مَسْمُوع His voice was not audible in the back of the room.
audibly على نَحْوٍ مَسْمُوع
audience 1. حُضُور، الحاضِرون The audience enjoyed the play. 2. مُقابَلة رسمية His audience with the king was very interesting.
audio- بادئة بِمَعْنَى: سَمْعيّ؛ audio-vis·u·al adj سَمْعيٌّ وبَصَريٌّ
audit فَحْصُ أَو تدقيقُ الحسابات We submitted our accounts to an audit. vt يُدقِّقُ (الحسابَ) The shopkeeper audits his accounts every month. aud·it·or n مُدَقِّقُ حِساباتٍ
auditorium قاعة The students met in the auditorium to listen to the lecture.
auditory سَمْعِيّ، مُتَعَلِّق بالسَّمْع
Aug. (Short for August) أغُسطُس، شهر آب
augment يَزِيد، يُعَزِّز He augmented his salary by working overtime. augment·a·tion n زيادة، ازدياد
August شَهْرُ آبَ August is one of the hottest months of the year.
august عظيم، جليل I respect him because of his august personality.
aunt عَمَّة، خالَة My aunt lived with us for a month. aun·tie n عَمَّة، خالَة زوجةُ العَمِّ أَو الخالِ
aura جَوٌّ مُمَيِّزٌ. هالَة
aural سَمْعِيّ، أُذُنيّ
auricle 1. صِوَانُ الأُذُن 2. أُذَيْنُ القَلْب
auspices رِعاية The dinner was held under the auspices of the governor.
auspicious يَدعُو إلى التَّفاؤُل، مَيْمُونُ الطّالِع It was indeed a very auspicious occasion.
austere 1. بسيط، مُتَقَشِّف Villagers in the mountains lead an austere life. 2. قاسٍ، صارِم
austerity 1. صَرامة أَخلاقية 2. بَساطة، شَظَف
authentic أَصيل، حقيقيّ This is an authentic painting؛ it is not a reproduction. auth·en·tic·al·ly adv على نَحْوٍ مُوَثَّق؛ authen·tic·ate vt يُوَثِّق؛ auth·en·tic·a·tion n تَوثيق؛ auth·en·tic·ity n أَصالة. مَوْثُوقية
author 1. خالِق God is the author of the world. 2. مُؤَلِّف I met the author of the story book. author·ess n مُؤلِّفة؛ authorship n تأْليف
authoritarian مُسْتَبِدّ، مُتَسَلِّط؛ auth·or·it·arian·ism n الاستبداد، التسلُّط
authoritative 1. جازِم، ذو سُلطة 2. مُعْتَمَد، مَوْثُوق؛ auth·orit·a·tive·ly adv 3. بطريقةٍ تَسَلُّطِيَّة 4. بطريقةٍ جازِمَة أَو مَوثوقةٍ
authority 1. سُلْطَة The captain has authority over his crew. 2. حُجَّة، مَرْجع Dr. Philip Hitti was an authority on the history of the Arabs.
authorization تفويض We had the authorization to go ahead with the work.
authorize يُفَوِّض، يُعطي سُلطةً The manager authorized his assistant to act for him while he was abroad.
autistic مُتَوَحِّد، ذاتَوي - مُنطوٍ على نَفْسِه The autistic student was given special help in school.
auto سَيّارة
auto- ذاتيّ، تِلْقائيّ
autobiography سِيرةٌ ذاتيةٌ، قصةُ حياةِ شخصٍ كَتَبَها بنَفْسِه His autobiography is long but interesting.
autocracy أُوتُوقْراطية، حُكْمُ الفَردِ المُطْلَقُ Autocracy is one form of government.
autocrat حاكِمٌ مُطْلَقٌ؛ autocrat·ic adj اِستبداديّ
autograph توقيعُ شَخصٍ بِخَطِّه I have the autograph of the movie star in my autograph album. vt يُوَقِّعُ بِخطِّه The author of our book autographed my copy.
automat مَطعَمٌ يقدِّمُ الطعامَ بطريقةٍ آليَّةٍ
automatic أُوتُوماتيّ، آليّ، أُوتُوماتيكيّ؛ auto·mat·ic·al·ly adv تِلْقائيًّا، بطريقةٍ آليَّةٍ، أُوتُوماتِيًّا
automation تشغيلٌ آليٌّ، أَتْمَتَةٌ
automobile سَيارة My brother drives his own automobile.
automotive ذاتِيُّ الاندفاع - خاصٌّ بالمركبات المندفعة بمُحرِّكاتها Cars and trains are automotive vehicles.
autopsy فَحْصُ الجُثَّةِ وتشريحُها (لمعرفة سبب الوفاة) The doctor ordered an autopsy to be performed.
autumn فَصْلُ الخَرِيف The autumn months are October, November, and December. aut·um·nal /ˈɔtəmnəl/ adj خَرِيفيّ
auxiliary مُساعِد، إضافيّ adj مُساعِد، مُعاوِن
avail يستفيد، يَغتنِم You should avail yourself of every opportunity to improve your English. vi أَفادَ، أَجْدى The doctor’s efforts did not avail against the disease. of no avail عَديمُ الجَدْوى؛ to no avail دُونَما فائدةٍ
availability وُجود، تَوافُر
available مَوجُود، مُتَاح Only one copy of the book was available at the bookstore.
avalanche هُيَارٌ صَخْرِيٌّ أو ثَلْجِيٌّ
avarice جَشَعٌ، طَمَعٌ
avaricious جَشِع، طَمّاع
Ave (Short for Avenue) جادّة، طريق مُشَجَّر
avenge يَنتقِمُ (لِـ)، يثأَرُ (لِـ) He wanted to avenge his father’s murder. av·enger n مُنْتقِم
avenue 1. شارِع عريضٌ مُشَجَّر The avenue near our house has trees in the middle and on both sides of it. 2. طريق، سَبِيل Laziness is the avenue to failure.
average مُعدَّل، مُعَدَّلٌ وَسَطِيٌّ He had a good average in his school. The total rainfall for this month is below the average. adj مُتَوسِّط، وَسَطٌ His friend is an average student. vt يَحسِبُ المعدَّلَ، يُعدِّل The teacher averaged out all my marks.
averse كارِهٌ (لِـ)، نافِرٌ (مِن) He is averse to air travel.
aversion كُرْهٌ، نُفُورٌ I have no aversion for working hard.
avert 1. يَتَجَنَّب، يَتَفادى They tried to avert trouble by staying at home that day. 2. يُحوِّل They averted their eyes from the scene of the accident.
aviation طَيَران My brother is so interested in aviation that he wants to become a pilot.
aviator طَيّار The aviator tried his new æroplane.
avid نَهِمٌ، شديدُ التَّوْق (إلى) My friend is an avid reader. Most people are avid for praise.
avocation هِواية، شُغْل ثانَوِيّ Painting is her avocation.
avoid يَتَجَنَّب، يتَلافَى Drivers must try to avoid accidents. The minister avoided answering questions about his resignation. avoid·able adj يُمكنُ تَجنُّبُهُ؛ avoid·ance n تَجنُّب
avow يَعترِفُ بشيءٍ عَلَنًا He avowed his error. a·vow·edly adv صَرَاحةً، عَلَنًا
await يَنتظِر We awaited the arrival of the plane.
awake 1. مُستَيْقِظ He was awake in bed. 2. واعٍ He is awake to his weakness. vi, p awoke pp awoken or p, pp awaked يَستَيقِظ He awoke at six oˈclock in the morning. vt يُوقِظ The sound of the bell awoke me.
awaken 1. يَقْظَة 2. نَهْضَة
award جائزة، مُكافأَة My friend received the award for giving the best speech. vt يَمْنَحُ جائزةً، يُجازِي The teacher awarded the first prize to the best student.
aware عالِمٌ (بِـ)، مُدْرِك، واعٍ (لِـ) I am aware of the danger. awareness n إدراك، دِراية
away 1. بَعيدًا، غائبًا She has been away for six years. 2. طَوالَ الوقتِ، باستمرارٍ He has been studying away very hard. far a·way بعيدًا جدًّا؛ pass a·way يُتَوَفَّى؛ right a·way حالًا
awe هَيْبَة، إجلال، رَهْبَة، رَوْعة The tourists stood in awe before the great statue. awesome adj رائع، مَهِيب
awful شَنِيع، فَظِيع It was awful of him to frighten the baby. The pain was awful. aw·fully adv كثيرًا، جِدًّا
awhile لِوقتٍ قصيرٍ، هُنَيْهَةً I can wait awhile for him.
awkward 1. مُرتبِك، مُحْرَج. أَخْرَقُ I felt very awkward when I spilled my tea. He is very awkward with a soup spoon. 2. مُربِك، مُحرِج، مُضايِق He found himself in an awkward situation. awkward·ly adv على نَحْوٍ أَخْرَقَ؛ awk·wardness n حَرَاجَة، خَرَقٌ
awning ظُلَّة، أَبَاجُور He put up new awnings on our windows.
axe, ax فأْس، بَلْطَة They cut down the tree with an axe.
axiom بَدِيهِيَّة We learned many axioms in our geometry class. ax·i·om·at·ic adj بَديهِيّ
axis مِحْوَر The earth revolves around its axis.
axle جُزْع، مِحْوَرُ دُولابٍ Wheels turn around their axles.
aye, ay نَعَم
azalea نَبتَةُ أَو زَهرةُ الأَزالِيَة
azure اللَّونُ الأَزْرَقُ السَّمَاوِيُّ His favourite colour is azure. adj أَزْرَقُ سَمَاوِيٌّ